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53 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
aggregating
crowding or clustering together.
ambulating
walking
arthropathy
any joint disease
blunted
to make less sharp
cesarean
referring to cesarean section, an incision through the abdominal and uterine walls for delivery of a fetus.
chiropractor
a practitioner of chiropractic, a conservative science of applied neurophysiology
Cloward saddle
surgical equipment in which a patient is placed for back fusion, trade name.
contrast medium
a substance that is introduced into or around a structure and, because of the difference in absorptioon of x-rays by both the dcontrast medium and the surrounding tissues, allows radiographic visualization of the structure.
contused
bruised
convex
having a surface that is rounded and somewhat elevated.
curette
spoon-shaped surgical instrument for removing tissue from a cavity wall or other bodily surface.
Darvocet
trade name for drug used to treat mild to moderate pain
denies x3
this phrase, as used in the Social History, refers to the fact that the patient denies alcohol, tobacco, and ilicit drug use.
discrete
made up of separate and distinct parts or defined by lesions that do not become unified.
diskectomy
excision of an intervertebral disk
discrete
made up of separate and dintinct parts or defined by lesions that do not become unified
diskectomy
excision of an intervertebral disk
epinephrine
generic drug used as a vasoconstrictor, cardiac stimulant, and bronchodilator; also called adrenaline
exacerbate
to increase in severity
facet
a small smooth surface on a bone or other hard anatomic body
Flexeril
trade name for drug used to treat muscle spasm
focal degeneration
main area or center of deterioration
formalin
a powerful disinfectant gas, used in water as a fluid to preserve tissue removed at surgery for pathologic evaluation; same as formaldehyde.
Gelfoam sponge
trade name for absorbable gelatin sponge; sterile, they are used in surgery to stop the flow of blood.
gutter
low area, trough, or groove
herniated
protruding like a hernia; enclosed in a hernia
i.e.
id es (that is)
intermittent
periodically stopping and starting again at separated intervals
intervertebral
located between two adjoining vertebrae
Kantrex
trade name for antibiotic
2+ knee and ankle jerks
this phrase refers to the sudden reflex or involuntary movements made when the doctor used a rubber hammer to tap the nees and ankles, part of the neurologic exam; in this case they are graded as 2+, which means average or normal
lamina
a thin, flate plate or supportive layer part of the structure of a vertebra
laminectomy
excision of the posterior arch of a vertebra
lateral recess syndrome
a small hollow or indentation on the side of the fourth ventricle; by way of this recess, part of the fourth ventricle protrudes into the subarachnoid space.
ligamentum flavum
band of yellow elastic tissue that assists in maintaining or regaining the erect position between two adjoining vertebrae
light touch
when the doctor lightly strokes a part of the body, such as the extremities, to determine the patient's ability to feel; used in evaluation of the central nervous system
lumbosacral
pertaining ot the lumbar region of the spine and the sacrum
Marcaine
Trade name for the local, injectable anesthetic agent bupivacaine
myelogram
an xray of the spinal cord obtained after injection of dye into the spinal canal
Norflex
trade name for a drug used to treat muscle spasms
PAR
abbreviation for postanesthesia recovery, where patients are sent immediately after surgery
pinprick
when the doctor actually pricks a patient's skin with a sharp point to determine the level of feeling; part of the evaluation of the central nervous system
pleura
a serous membrane lining the thoracic 9or pleural cavity
prone
lying face downward
radicular
of or pertaining to a radical, which would be the cause or root of a morbid process, such as radical surgery
retraction
to draw back; the condition of being drawn back, such as tissue during a surgical procedure
rongeur
a surgical instrument used for cutting tough tissue, such as bone.
S1 root
sacral spine, first vertebra, at the lowest part
sacroiliac
the sacral and iliac spines-- where they join and the associated ligaments
scaphoid
literally shaped like a boat, a scaphoid bone
scoliosis
a sideways deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine
straight-leg raising
the doctor observes the patient's ability to raise the legs; part of the evaluation of the central nervous system
subarachnoid space
space under the arachnoid membrane, between it and the pia mater