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65 Cards in this Set

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albeit
even though
albumin
a necessary protein substance produced in the liver; levels are reduced in malnutrition and in hapatic and renal disease.
arthritis
inflammation of the joints
azathioprine
generic drug used in treating rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases
Azulfidine
trade name for sulfasalazine, an antibacterial agent
chlorambucil
generic chemotherapy drug, an antineoplastic agent
compression fracture
any break or rupture of bone due to compression, eg. the bones in the spinal column
corticosteroids
a group of steroids used clinically in immune suppression, in hormonal replacement, etc.
cyclophosphamide
generic drug used in chemotherapy, an antineoplastic agent
debilitating
causing weakness or lack of strength
dehydration
condition resulting from either excessive loss or inadequate intake of body water.
dermatology
the study of the skin
diffuse
widely distributed, not concentrated
Disalcid
trade name for nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug used to treat minor pain, fever, and arthritis
distally
in a remote direction; opposite of proximal or near
Dolobid
trade name for diflunisal; used to treat mild to moderate pain.
dysphagia
difficulty swallowing
ecchymosis
a small spot on the skin or mucous membrane forming a nonelevate, blue or purplish patch; a bruise
enteritis
inflammation of the intestine, especially the small intestine
erosion
destruction of the surface of the epidermis, which heals without scar tissue
erythema
redness of the skin produced by abnormal accumulation of blood
erythema multiforme
a symptom complex including multiple skin lesions of varying degrees of severity
exophthalmos
abnormal protrusion of the eyeball
exudate
any fluid that has escaped from blood vessels and been deposited in tissues, usually duie to an injury or inflammation
fissuring
splitting, normal or otherwise; can include painful ulcerations
flare
area of redness of the skin
folic acid
a B complex vitamin, the lack of which can result in severe anemia and birth defects
gingiva
the pale pink tissues of the oral mucosa, otherwise known as the gums
HCTZ
abbreviation for hydrochlorothiazide, a generic diuretic medication used to treat edema and hypertension
hydroxychloroquine
generic drug used to treat rheumatoid arthritis
hyperpigmentation
abnormally increased coloration
hyporeflexia
decreased reflexes
IV hydration
recieving fluids intravenously
injection
the condition of being congested or overloaded with blood
intravenous
within or through a vein
kyphosis
abnormally increased curvature of the thoracic spine
leucovorin
generic drug used to treat anemia and malignancies
Lidex gel
trade name for topically applied gel; an anti-inflammatory agent
liver enzymes
those protein molecules that induce necessary chemical reactions in the liver
macular
pertaining to the presence of a macule
methotrexate
generic chemotherapy drug used also in immunosuppresive disorders
nephrocalcinosis
diffusely scattered calcification in the kidneys leading to renal insufficiency
NSAID
abbreviation for nonsteroidal anti-imflammatory drug
osteoporosis
reduction in the amount of bone mass leading to pathologic fractures
palate
roof of the mouth
penicillamine
generic drug, a product of penicillin used to treat rheumatoid arthritis
perimalleolar
around the bony protuberances on either side of the ankle
pitting edema
when too much fluid is in the tissues, a finger pressing on the skin leaves a pitting indentationsx or areas of pitting in the skin
p.o.
per os (by mouth)
posterior pharynx
the back of the throat
prednisone
generic anti-inflammatory drug
Premarin
trade name for preparations of estrogen, the femal hormone
quiescent
at rest, inactive
regimen
a strictly regulated plan of therapy, diet, exercise, or other activity designed to achieve a certain goal.
rheumatoid arthritis
chronic systemic, painful joint disease that can result in deformities
serum cholesterol
the level of cholesterol found in the serum
stasis edema
stagnation of the flow of blood or fluids resulting in swelling
Stevens-Johnson syndrome
a sever, sometimes fatal multisystemic form of erythema multiforme
stomatitis
inflammation of the oral mucosa, the mucus membrane of the mouth
t.i.d.
three times a day
topically
referring to a surface area; applying a substance to a certain surface area of the skin
total protein
a lab test to dertermine the level of all proteins in the serum.
vertebral bodies
referring to any of the 33 bones of the spinal canal
volume depletion
dehydrated state
Westergren sedimentation rate
standard laboratory test to dertermine the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) using a tube and a method designed by Alf Westergren, a Swedish physician born in 1891