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50 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Government where the power of the crown is unchecked.
Absolute Monarchy
Another name for the Age of Monarchs.
Age of Absolutism.
Strongest nation in Europe during the 1500s and early 1600s.
Spain
Was both the Holy Roman Emperor and the king of Spain.
Charles V
Dynasty of Charles V and Philip II.
Hapsburg
When Charles V divided his empire his son Phillip II became _________.
King of Spain
Strongest monarch during Spanish supremacy
Philip II
Philip II and other absolute monarchs believed they were kings by ________.
Divine Right
He used wealth (gold & silver) from colonies to build the largest and strongest army in Europe.
Philip II
Philip II saw Spain as the defender of the __________.
Catholic Faith
He involved Spain in wars against the enemies of Catholicism. (Protestants, Muslims etc.)
Philip II
Galileo was forced to recant by the ____________.
Galileo was forced to recant by the ____________.
Demonstrated that planets move in ellipses/ovals.
Demonstrated that planets move in ellipses/ovals.
His discoveries changed the view of the universe more than anyone else's
His discoveries changed the view of the universe more than anyone else's
He laid the foundations for the scientific theories that susquently revolutionized the world
He laid the foundations for the scientific theories that susquently revolutionized the world
Newton developed the theory of ____________.
Newton developed the theory of ____________.
Newton's discoveries led people to view the universe as _________.
Newton's discoveries led people to view the universe as _________.
He developed Calculus.
He developed Calculus.
Hobbes, Locke& Rousseau were all considered _________.
Hobbes, Locke& Rousseau were all considered _________.
Form of Gorernment advocated by Thomas Hobbes.
Form of Gorernment advocated by Thomas Hobbes.
He believed people had Natural Rights to life, liberty and property.
He believed people had Natural Rights to life, liberty and property.
Total skeptic.
David Hume
He believed that reason could NOT be used to explain questions of metaphysics.
Immanuel Kant
Tries to answer ultimate and universal questions.
Metaphysics
Kant believed that things that cannot be perceived in ________ cannot be known.
experience
John Locke believed the mind to be a __________.
Tabula rasa(blank slate)
Belief that God started the universe like a perfect clock and then left it alone.
Deism
Some people reacted to the Enlightenment and did not believe that _________ could explain the universe.
reason alone
Monarchs who used their power to bring about positive political and social changes.
Enlightened Despots
King of France at the beginning of the French Revolution.
Louis XVI
First Estate.
Catholic Clergy
Second Estate.
Noblility
Bourgeoisie, artisans, and peasants.
Third Estate
Middle Class
Bourgeoisie
Large Gap between the rich and the poor, heavy tax burden on the Third Estate, First & Second Estate don't pay taxes, Elightenment ideas of freedom & Equality, growth of the middle class, & wide spread famine.
Causes of the French Revolution.
In 1789 Louis XVI called a meeting of the _________ for the first time in over 150 years.
Estates General.
Louis XVI called the Estates General because he needed to _____.
raise money
Third Estate wanted to vote as______.
delegates.
Louis XVI refused the Third Estate’s request for a _________.
Mass Meeting (voting as delegtes)
The Third Estate declared itself to be the _____________.
National Convention.
Seized control of Assembly, removed king from office. (French Revolution)
Jacobins.
Jacobins killed people they claimed were _____________.
Counter-revolutionaries
National Convention abolished Monarchy and declared France a _______.
Republic
Convicted of Treason and executed by the National Convention.
Louis XVI
During the French Revolution European monarchies fearing the spread of revolution to their countries ____.
allied against France
Because of threats from within, and without, the Convention formed the ____________.
Committee of Public Safety
Jacobin became the head of the Committee of Public Safety.
Robespierre
To stop counter-revolution the committee began the ________. (500,000 people arrested, 40,000 guillotined.
Reign of Terror
Whole society helps to defeat enemy.
Mass Moblization
Members of the Convention turned on him because they feared for their own safety. He was guillotined along with many of his followers.
Robespierre