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32 Cards in this Set

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Location: anterior
situated in front of, or toward the front
Location: coronal
situated in the direction of the coronal suture.
Also pertaining to the crown or head
Location: distal
located farther from any point of reference.

opposite = proximal
Location: dorsal
pertaining to the back or denoting a location that is more toward the back than another object of reference.
Location: inferior
situated below or directed downward
Location: lateral
pertaing to the side
location: medial
pertaining to the middle
location: posterior
situated in the back.
used in reference to the back or dorsal surface of the body
location: proximal
Nearest: closer than any point of reference
Opposite of distal
location: sagittal
situated in or parallel to the sagittal suture
parallel to the medial/middle
location: transverse
placed crosswise
location: ventral
pertaining the the abdomen
used to denote an object is closer to the belly surface than another point of reference
frontalis
muscle of face/head:
above eyes on frontal bone
temporalis
muscle of face/head
above ears on the temporal bone
orbicularis oculi
muscle of face/head
surrounding eyes
buccinator
muscle of face/head
below the orbicularis oculi on either side of the nose below the levator labii superioris
orbicularis oris
muscle of face/head
surrounding mouth
triangularis
muscle of face/head
shaped like a triangle on either side of the jaw
corrugator
muscle of face/head
above the bridge of the nose between the eyes allowing for wrinkling your forehead. associated with frowning
nasalis
muscle of face/head
on the bridge of the nose
levator labii superioris
muscle of face/head
above the buccinator on either side of the nose
greater zygomatic
muscle of face/head
on the cheek
masseter
muscle of face/head
that runs from the orbicularis oris around the triangularis
platysma
muscle of face/head and neck
that runs from the lower jaw down the front of the neck
depressor anguli oris
muscle of face/head
that originates on the mandible and pulls down the angle of the mouth
depressor labii inferioris
muscle of face/head
that originates on the mandible and pulls down the lower lip
lateral pterygoid
muscle of face/head
MUSCLE OF MASTICATION
originates on the pterygoid process of the sphenoid bone; it moves the mandible and limits sideways movement of the jaw.
medial pterygoid
muscle of face/head
MUSCLE OF MASTICATION
located on the inside of the mandible with the lateral pterygoid. It elevates the jaw and provides sideways jaw movement.
mentalis
muscle of face/head
POUTING MUSCLE
originates on the chin and extends into the orbicularis oris; it elevates and protrudes the lower lip.
occipitalis
muscle of face/head
covers the occipital region of the skull(back of the head).
risoris
muscle of face/head
SMILING MUSCLE
located on the side of the face and inserts into the orbicularis oris; draws the angle of the mouth laterally allowing for the human to smile.
splenius capitis
muscle of face/head and neck
EXTENDS AND ROTATES HEAD
extends from the upper three cervical vertebrae (including the axis and the atlas) all the way to the temporal and occipital bones.