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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-Thick layer of smooth muscle
-Aorta is the largest
-Arterioles are small arteries
-Has a pulse
-Takes blood away from the heart
Arteries
-Exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide with nearby tissues
-contains valves
-Takes blood to the heart
-Venules are small in these
-Vena Cava is the largest part

veins
-Red blood cells have to line up single file to pass through these
-link arterioles to venules
-one cell layer thick
Capillaries
-Carry oxygen to body cells
-Contains hemoglobin
Red Blood Cells
-Fight infection
White blood cells
-Clot blood when exposed to air
-Contains protein high in iron
Platelets
Contains and trasnports amino acids, proteins, electrolytes, and carbohydrates
-liquid portion of blood
-made mostly of water
plasma
-tiny cup like air sacs where hemoglobin receives the oxygen to become oxygemoglobin
Main sites of gas exhcnage during resperation
Alveoli
Voice box
Larynx
-considered the throat and back of nose
-conducts air from the oral and nasal cavities to layrnx
pharynx
-Conducts air from larynx to bronchi
-the windpipe
Trachea
breaks food down into basic nutrients
-mainly occurs in the duodenum
-rennin and pepsin
-protien must first go through this before our body can use it
-churning enzymes and acids and chemicals help in which
Digestion
-occurs mainly in the jejunum and ileum of small intestine
-the villi of the small intestine work in this process
-the ? of water occurs in the large intestine
Absorption
-process that releases energy from the Gluecose molecule
-the oxygen we breathe breaks down the Gluecose that we eat in what process?
Respiration
gets rid of liquid waste
sweating accomplishes this process
kidneys
excretion
-muscle contractions that move food through the alimentary canal
-mainly occurs in the esphagus
peristalis
-located just below your diaphragm. upper section of the small intestine
-rennin and pepsin are added to food and so is HCL here
stomach
produces bile
hepatic portal vein brings blood here
liver
gall bladder stores secretions from here
pancreas
contains functional units called nephrons
urine is collected for excretion by this
renal artery and vein transfer blood to here
kidney