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7 Cards in this Set

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Myocardial Infarction (MI)
Death of myocardial tissue due to an interruption of the blood supply.
Caused by plaques breaking off, bleeding causes dislodgment of plaque and blood clot develops.
Silent Infarcts
No typical symptoms
Most common in elderly, Diabetics, and people with psychosis.
Conditions that mimic the s/s of a MI
Indigestion, anxiety, pulmonary embolism, spontaneous pneumothorax, spasm of coronary artery, gallbladder attack, pancreatitis
S/S of MI
Severe, crushing or vice-like pain, often radiating to the jaw, arms or back.
Weakness
Hypotension and tachycardia (or bradycardia)
Nausea/Vomiting
Pallor, cool clammy skin
High anxiety
Diagnostic tests
EKG
Troponin-T
CK and CKMB
SGOT
LDH
Sed. rate
WBC count
Treatment of MI
ICU
Cardiac monitoring, O2, Morphine Sulfate, Antiarrythmics (Lidocaine), Anticoagulants and/or Thrombolytics, Vasodilators(in some cases)
Complications of MI
Arrythmias, Acute Pulmonary Edema, cardiac failure, cardiogenic shock, thromboembolism, Rupture of L ventricle, Cardiac tamponade