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6 Cards in this Set

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CHF Meds- ACE inhibitors
Decreases preload pressure and afterload resistance...leading to increased CO and tissue perfusion. Captopril (Capoten)
CHF Meds
Diuretics- can lead to hyponatremia and/or hypokalemia.
Vasodilators- Increase coronary artery blood flow and decrease resistance to the L ventricular output.
Low Sodium diet
fresh fruits & veggies; water packed canned veggies and fruits.
Fresh fish, chicken, turkey, beef, pork, oysters.
Unsalted: butter, buttermilk, cheese, peanut butter.
Low sodium: breads, crackers, chips, nuts, puffed wheat/rice and shredded wheat
High Sodium foods
M=Moo food (dairy)
Foods rich in Potassium
Fruits & Veggies: dried fruits, baked potatoes, pears, broccoli, winter squash, avocados
Breads/cereal: oatmeal, nuts
Instant coffee and tea
Turkey, salmon, red meat
Principles affecting Potassium
1. K+ is an essential electrolyte (salt).
2. K+ role is to excite or irritate nreve cells resulting in muscular contraction.
3. Smooth muscles and skeletal muscles depend upon K+ for proper and regulated functions.
4. K+ is poorly stored in the human body and is regulated largely by the kidneys. Aprox 90% is excreted in urine.
5. Diuretic therapy and digitalis therapy reduce the serum K+ level.
6. Poor renal function may lead to ^ K+. (hyperkalemia)
7. Human body needs approx. 40mEq of K+ per day.