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15 Cards in this Set

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bruit
soft blowing sound heard on ausculation, possibly due to vibrations associated with the movement of blood, valvular action, or both; also called murmur
cardiomyopathy
disease of heart muscle that diminshes cardiac function
catheter
thin, flexible, hollow plastic tube that is threaded through a vein, artery, or tubolar structure
coarctation
narrowing of a vessel, especially the aorta
heart failure
failure of the heart to supply an adequate amount of blood to tissues and organs
embolus
mass of undissolved matter (foriegn object, air, gas, tissue, thrombus) circulation in blood or lymphatic channels until it becomes lodged in a vessel
fibrillation
quivering or spontaneous muscle contrations, especially of the heart, causing ineffectual contractions
hemostatsis
arrest of bleeding or circulation
hyperlipidemia
excessive amounts of lipids (cholesterol, phospholipids, and triglycerides) in the blood
hypertension
common disorder characterized by elevated blood pressure persistently exceeding 140 mm Hq systolic or 90 mm Hg diastolic
primary hypertension
HTN in which ther is no identifiable cuase; also called essential HTN;
can be genetic, high sodium intake, obesity
secondary hypertention
HTN that results from underlying, identifiable, commonly correctable cause
hypertensive heart disease
any heart disorder caused by prolonged HTN, including left ventricular hypertrophy, coronary artery disease, cardiac arrhythmias, and heart failure
implantable cardioverterdefibrillator (ICD)
implantable battery-powered device that monitors and, if necessary, corrects an irregular heart rhythm by sending impulses to the heart
infarct
area of tissue that undergoes necrosis following cessation of blood supply