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73 Cards in this Set

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SMALL AIR SACS FOUND IN THE TERMINAL ENDS OF THE BRONCHIOLES, THROUGH WHICH OXYGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE ARE EXCHANGED DURING RESPIRATION
ALVEOLI
ABSCENCE OF CARDIAC RHYTHM
ARRHYTHMIA
THE ABSENCE OF A HEARTBEAT; CARDIAC STANDSTILL
ASYSTOLE
A SMALL, MUSCULAR, EAR-SHAPED PORTION OF THE ATRIUM
ATRIAL APPENDAGE
COMMONLY REFERS TO THE VALVE BETWEEN THE LEFT ATRIUM AND THE LEFT VENTRICLE.
BICUSPID VALVE
A SMALL TUBE MADE FROM SOFT VINYL OR PLASTIC. IT'S THREADED OVER THE ENDS OF AN UMBILICAL TAPE OR SUTURE TIE THAT'S PLACED AROUND A VESSEL. A RUMEL TOURNIQUET IS AN EXAMPLE OF ONE.
BOLSTER
THE INTENTIONAL STOPPING OF THE HEART DURING CARDIAC SURGERY. IT'S PERFROMED WITH A SOLUTION THAT OFTEN CONTAINS A MIX OF POTASSIUM CHLORIDE, LIDOCAINE, DEXTROSE, INSULIN, ALBUMIN, TROMETHAMINE, AND PLASMANATE.
CARDIOPLEGIA
A CONGENITAL NARROWING OR STRICTURE IN THE DESCENDING THORACIC AORTA
COARCTATION
A SURGICALINCISION INTO A BAN OF TISSUE THAT CONNECTS TWO ANATOMICAL STRUCTURES. IN THE HEART THE VALVES MAY BE BANDED TOGETHER BY SCAR TISSUE.
COMMISSUROTOMY
ABNORMAL CARDIAC RHYTHM
DYSRHYTHMIA
A MEDICATION THAT STIMULATES THE HEART MUSCLE AND PRODUCES VASOCONSTRICTION
EPINEPHRINE (OR ADRENALINE)
A CARDIAC DYSRHYTHMIA IN WHICH THE HEART CEASES TO PUMP AND INSTEAD QUIVERS AND UNDULATES. THIS RESULTS IN CARDIAC STANDSTILL AND STASIS OF BLOOD IN THE HEART.
FIBRILLATION
INCLUDES EVERYTHING THAT OCCURS WITHIN THE HEART DURING A SINGLE HEARTBEAT
CARDIAC CYCLE
A FETAL BLOOD VESSEL THAT JOINS THE AORTA AND PULMONARY ARTERY
DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS
AN ELASTIC CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT COVERS THE ENDS OF BONES, SUPPORTS THE TRACHEA AND LARYNX, AND CONNECTS THE RIBS TO THE STERNUM. IT'S COVERED BY THE PERICHONDRIUM AND CALCIFIES AS THE INDIVIDUAL AGES.
HYALINE CARTILAGE
AN AREA OF DEAD TISSUE CAUSED BY AN INADEQUAE SUPPLY OF OXYGENATED BLOOD.
INFARCATION
ACCUMULATION OR DIFFUSION OF A FOREIGN SUBSTANCE INTO TISSUE
INFILTRATE
A THIN SEROUS SAC THAT SURROUNDS THE HEART, IT CONSISTS OF A SEROUS AND FIBROUS LAYER
PERICARDIUM
OUTER TISSUE LAYER OF THE HEART THAT PROVIDES PROTECTION
EPICARDIUM
TO FALL OR SLIP OUT OF ANATOMICAL POSITION
PROLAPSE
WHAT DOES PVC STAND FOR?
PREMATURE VENTRICULAR CONTRACTION
CONTRACTION OF THE VENTRICLE THAT OCCURS BEFORE IT IS EXPECTED IN A NORMAL SERIES OF CARDIAC CYCLES
PVC
BACKWARD FLOW OF FLUID, THE OPPOSITE OF NORMAL DIRECTION
REGURGITATION
1)DEVICE INSERTED TO SUPPORT LUMINOUS STRUCTURES WHILE STILL ALLOWING PASSAGE OF FLUIDS. 2)EXTERNAL DEVICE APPLIED TO SECURE A SKIN GRAFT OFR DRESSING IN PLACE.
STENT
REPRESENTS THE CONTRACTION PHASE OF THE CARDIAC CYCLE
SYSTOLE
PERTAINS TO THE RESTING PHASE OF THE CARDIAC CYCLE
DIASTOLE
A TYPE OF ANERYSM THAT INVOLVES THE ENTIRE CIRCUMFERENCE OF A BLOOD VESSEL
FUSIFORM ANEURYSM
AN ANTICOAGULANT MED.
HEPARIN
A CONDITION OF REDUCED BLOOD SUPPLY IN A LOCALIZED AREA, OFTEN CAUSED BY NARROWING OF THE BLOOD VESSEL SUPPLYING THE TISSUE
ISCHEMIA
MED. USED TO REDUCE VENTRICULAR ARRHYTHMIAS.
LIDOCAINE(XYLOCAINE)
SURGICAL REMOVAL OF ONE OR MORE LOBES OF THE LUNG
LOBECTOMY
PROCEDURE PERFORMED WITHOUT A CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS
OFF-PUMP PROCEDURE
A DEVIE THAT GENERATES ELECTI=RICAL IMPULSES THAT STIMULATE THE HEART MUSCLE TO CONTRACT AT A PREDETERMINED RATE
PACEMAKER
FLUID LYING BETWEEN THE VISCERAL AND PARIETAL MEMBRANES THAT PROVIDES LUBRICATION TO THE TISSUES, THEREBY REDUCING FRICTION TO THE TISSUES
PERICARDIAL FLUID
THE SURGICAL REMOVAL OF ONE LUNG
PNEUMONECTOMY
PROCESS OF SOAKING A GRAFT OR SYNTHETIC PATCH MATERIAL IN THE PATIENT'S BLOOD OR PLASMA BEFORE INSERTION.
PRECLOTTING
MED. THAT REVERSES THE ANTICOAGULATION EFFECTS OF HEPARINE
PROTAMINE SULFATE
A HEART VALVE THAT IS UNABLE TO CLOSE TIGHTLY, THEREBY ALLOWING LEAKING OF BLOOD INTO THE HEART CHAMBER FROM WHICH IT CAME
REGURGITANT VALVE
A TYPE OF ANEURYSM IN WHICH A SACLIKE FORMATION WITH A NARROW NECK PROJECTS FROM THE SIDE OF THE ARTERY
SACCULAR ANEURYSM
IT CAN BE A BLOOD VESSEL OR TUBE THAT CARRIES THE BLOOD FROM ONE LOCATION TO ANOTHER. IN THIS PROCEDURE, THE EXISTING ROUTE OF BLOOD IS CHANGED OR A VESSEL IS REMOVED AND A SYNTHETIC GRAFT IS IMPLANTED.
SHUNT
THE NARROWING OF A CARDIAC VALVE OR LUMEN OF A BLOOD VESSEL
STENOSIS
AN INCISION MADE INTO THE STERNUM
STERNOTOMY
A TEMPORARY LOSS OF CONSCIOUSNESS CAUSED BY AN INTERRUPTION OR DECREASE IN THE FLOW OF BLOOD TO THE BRAIN.
SYNCOPE
A HEMOSTAT (OR OTHER CLAMP) PLACED ON THE ENDS OF TRACTION SUTURE, UMBILICAL TAPE, OR VESSEL LOOP TO HOLD THE ENDS TOGETHER.
TAG
1)ACCUMULATION OF BLOOD WITHIN THE PERICARDIUM THAT COMPRESSES THE OUTER WALLS OF THE HEART AND PREVENTS ADEQUATE INTRAVENTRICULAR FILLING OF THE HEART. A CHEST TUBE MUST BE INSERTED, OR THE CHEST OPENED, FOR THE BLOOD SURROUNDING THE HEART TO BE DRAINED. 2)PATHOLOGICAL COMPRESSION OF AN ANATOMICAL PART.
TAMPONADE
INCISION IN THE CHEST WALL FOR THE PURPOS OF DRAINAGE.
THORACOSTOMY
AN INCISION MADE INTO THE THORACIC CAVITY
THORACOTOMY
THE HEART VALVE FOUND BETWEEN THE RIGHT ATRIUM AND THE RIGHT VENTRICLE
TRICUSPID VALVE
THE SURGICAL REMOVAL OF A SECTION OF A LOBE OF THE LUNG
WEDGE RESECTION
THE THORACIC CAVITY CONTAINS WHAT AREAS AND ANATOMIC STRUCTURES?
HEART AND IT GREAT VESSEL, LUNGS AND ASSOCIATED RESPIRATORY STRUCTURES, THE MEDIASTINUM, AND PORTION OF THE ESOPHAGUS
WHAT IS THE ENDOSCOPIC PROCEDURE THAT PROVIDES DIRECT VISUALIZATION OF INTRATHORACIC LYMPH NODES?
MEDIASTINOSCOPY
NAME THE 3 PARTS OF THE STERNUM
MANUBRIUM, BODY, AND XIPHOID PROCESS
DESCRIBE THORACIC OUTLET SYNDROME. WHAT CAUSES IT?
REFERS TO A VARIETY OF SYMPTOMS ASSOCIATED WITH COMPRESSION OF THE BRACHIAL PLEXUS NERVE COMPLEX AND SUBCLAVIAN VESSELS AT THE SUPERIOR APERTUREOF THE THORAX; MAY BE CAUSED BY A DROOPING SHOULDER GIRDLE, ADVENTITIOUS FIBROUS BAND, CERVICAL RIB, CONTINUAL HYPERABDUCTION OF THE ARM, OR MOST COMMONLY, AND ABNORMAL FIRST RIB.
DEFINE THE ANATOMICAL STRUCTURES OF THE LUNGS AND THEIR FUNCTION.
PLEURAL CAVITY: ENCLOSES EACH LUNG, HILUM: POINT WHERE LG. VESSELS AND PRIMARY BRONCHI ENTER LUNG, APEX: LOCATED AT UPPER PORTION OF LUNG ABOVE CLAVICLE, BRONCHOPULMONARY SEGMENTS (OR LOBES): 3 ON RIGHT LUNG, 2 ON LEFT, PLEURA: 2 LAYERED MEMBRANE SURROUNDING EACH LUNG, PLEURAL FLUID: FILLS SPACES BETWEEN PLEURA, BRONCHI: 2 MAIN BRANCHES DERIVED FROM TRACHEA THAT ENTER LUNGS, ALVEOLI: TERMINAL END OF THE BRONCHIOLES WHERE O2 AND CO2 ARE EXCHANGED IN RESPIRATION
WHAT ARE KEY POINTS TO REMEMBER WHEN SETTING UP A THORACIC WATER-SEAL CHEST TUBE DRAINAGE SYSTEM?
NEVER TAKE THE SYSTEM ABOVE THE LEVEL OF THE PATIENT OR DISCONNECT THE SUCTION UNTIL IMMEDIATELY BEFORE TRANSPORT
DESCRIBE THE FUNCTIONS OF A WATER-SEAL CHEST DRAINAGE SYSTEM USING 2 CHEST TUBES?
2 ARE REQUIRED IN ONE OR BOTH PLEURA AND MAY BE JOINED BY A Y CONNECTOR AND ARE THEN ATTACHED TO A CLOSED DRAINAGE SYSTEM WITH 3 COMPARTMENTS. (THE SYSTEM USES WATER IN THE COLLECTION UNIT TO PREVENT AIR FROM REENTERING THE PLEURAL SPACE, THEREBY MAINTAINING THE NEGATIVE PRESSURE NECESSARY EFFECTIVE RESPIRATION)
THE 3 BASIC APPROACHES USED FOR THORACIC SURGERY ARE...
OPEN, ENDOSCOPIC, AND VIDEO ASSISTED
LIST THE FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE CHOICE OF INCISIONS FOR THORACIC SURGERY
THE PROCEDURE ITSELF AND WHAT ANATOMY WILL BE INVOLVED
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BRONCHOSCOPY AND MEDIASTINOSCOPY?
BRONCHOSCOPE IS FOR DIAGNOSIS/DETECTION OF BRONCHIAL TUMORS AND MEDIASTINOSCOPY IS USED TO EXAMINE MASSES OF LYMPH TISSUE (NODAL INVOLVEMENT OF LUNG CARCINOMA).
WHAT MAJOR ARTERIES AND VEINS ARE CLAMPED, LIGATED, AND DIVIDED WHEN PERFORMING PNEUMONECTOMY?
THE MAJOR VESSELS: BRONCHUS, PULMONARY ARTERY, SUPERIOR AND INFERIOR PULMONARY VEINS.
EXPLAIN THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A LOBECTOMY AND A PNEUMONECTOMY.
LOBECTOMY IS THE REMOVAL OF A LOBE OF THE LUNG TO PREVENT THE SPREAD OF METASTATIC CANCER OR TO TREAT A BENIGN TUMOR. A PNEUMONECTOMY IS REMOVAL OF AN ENTIRE LUNG TO DEBULK OR REDUCE THE SIZE OF A MALIGNANT TUMOR & SLOW THE SPREAD OF CANCER.
THE PRIMARY REASON FOR PERFORMING A PNEUMONECTOMY IS TO TREAT WHAT?
CANCER
WHAT IS A TRACHEOTOMY AND WHY IS IT PERFORMED? WHAT ARE THE 3 TUBING PARTS? THE AVG. ADULT SIZE?
TRACHEOTOMY IS PERFORMED TO PROVIDE A PATENT AIRWAY FOR THE PATIENT. IT'S A SURGICAL OPENING IN THE TRACHEA TO MAKE BREATHING EASIER. THE 3 PRTS. ARE THE OUTER CANNULA, INNER CANNULA, AND OBTURATOR. THE AVG. SIZE IS 5-8.
WHAT IS THE PHYSIOLOGY OF A SUCKING CHEST WOUND?
AN EXTERNAL TRAUMA, WOUND THAT PENETRATES THE CHEST WALL AND MAY PUNCTURE THE LUNG, IS CALLED AN OPEN PNEUMOTHORAX OR A SUCKING CHEST WOUND. EXAMPLES WOULD BE A STAB WOUND OR BULLET WOUND.
WHAT IS A THYMECTOMY? IT IS PERFORMED TO RELIEVE THE SYMPTOMS OF WHAT DISEASE?
THYMECTOMY IS THE SURGICAL REMOVAL OF THE THYMUS GLAND. IT IS PERFORMED FOR PATIENTS WITH MYASTHENIA GRAVIS.
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF INSERTING A DOUBLE-LUMEN ENDOTRACHEAL TUBE DURING A THORACOTOMY?
THE THORAX CANNOT BE INSUFFLATED FOR EXPANSION; THEREFORE, DOUBLE-LUMEN ENDOTRACHEAL TUBES THAT SINGLE-LUNG VENTILATION AND COLLAPSE OF THE LUNG ON THE AFFECTED SIDE.
WHAT IS EMPYEMA? WHAT PROCEDURE IS PERFORMED TO TREAT EMPYEMA?
AN ABNORMAL CONDITION OF BLOOD OR PUS FROM A CHEST INJURY THAT'S NOT PROPERLY DRAINED FROM THE PLEURAL CAVITY. TREATMENT WOULD BE THORACOSTOMY.
LIST 2 RIB RETRACTORS
ANKENEY STERNAL RETRACTOR & HINNELSTEIN STERNAL RETRACTOR
GRASPING/HOLDING INSTRUMENTS TO GRASP THE LUNG AND OTHER DELICATE TISSUES IN THE THORACIC CAVITY
SAROT, LEE, DUVAL, SEMB
COMMONLY USED SUTURE STAPLING INSTRUMENT FOR LUNG BIOPSY?
GIA-AN ENDOSCOPIC LINEAR STAPLER
FINOCHIETTO RIB RETRACTOR
NAME INST.
SATINSKY CLAMP
NAME INST.
SAROT CLAMP
NAME INSTRUMENT