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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
etiology of aortic stenosis
congenital
rheumatic
senile (calcified) valve
S/Sx of aortic stenosis
angina
syncope
dyspnea
describe the murmor assoc with Aortic Stenosis
diamond-shaped (crescendo-decrescendo) systolic ejection murmur @ 2nd ICS LSB radiating to neck and apex
when would you hear a rumbling apical diastolic “Austin-Flint” murmur
Aortic Regurgitation
when would you hear a midsystolic clic
mitral valve prolapse
when would you see arterial pulsations of the nailbeds (Quincke’s sign)
Aortic regurgitation

This is 1 of many peripheral manisfestations of AI:
Systolic and diastolic murmur over femoral artery (Duroziez’ murmur)
Rhythmic pulsation of uvula (Muller’s sign)
Bobbing head (DeMusset’s sign)
when would you hear a holosystolic (Pansystolic) diastolic murmur at apex radiating to axillae
Mitral regurgitation
S/Sx of Mitral Regurgitation
Dyspnea, fatigue, PND, orthopnea
when would you feel a diastolic “thrill” at the left apex in left lateral decubitus position
Mitral stenosis
The MCC of Mitral Stenosis
Rheumatic Fever from Group A Beta-Hemolytic Strep
this murmur is accentuated c squatting (valsalva) or expiration
murmor assoc. with mitral stenosis at the LLD position
this is one of the most common forms of valvular heart disease in developed nations
Mitral valve prolapse
when would you hear a high-pitched pansystolic murmur @ 4th ICS LSB and usually increases during inspiration?
Tricuspic regurgitation