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53 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
endocardial cusing defect
Trisomy 21,
atrial & ventricular setal defect
Tetrology of fallot
hypoxemic spells post feeding
SYSTOLIC HARSH MURMOR
Vent sept defect
Overriding aorta
Right ventrical hypertrophy
impramine heart efect of
left QRS axis deviation
Acute pumonhary edema
from left vent dysfunction
coughing sputum
dyspnea
O2 sat 60%
treat Acute Pumonary edema
dobutamine, furosemide, trinitrate
Side effect of spironalactone (aldosterone)
gynecomasty
OCM hypertrophic cardiomypathy
Systolic cresendo decresendo murmor
ventricular arrythmia (tachy)
increase with Valsalva, and drug
decreased squat
increase valsalva and amyl nitrate
OCM
decrease standing
increase squat
increaset amyl nitrate
AS
S1 loud
diastolic opening snap diastolic rumble
atril fib, dysnpea
Mitral stenosis
homosystolic murmur
radiate to axilla
pulm congestion
mitral regurge
midsystolic click
palpitations
chest pain
mitral valve prolapse
harsh systolic ejection urmur
radiat eo carotids or apex
angina
dyspnes
aortic stenosis
diastolic decrescendo murmur
systolic ejection
waterhammer pulse
pistol shot shounds over arteiea
pulsatile plusihg of nail
aortic regurgitation
vanillylmandelic acid
metabolites of epineprhine norepinerine
increase for pheo
to treat peripheral claudication
NO b blockers
cyanotic cong heardt defects
transposition of
single ventricle
double outlet right vent
total anomales
truncus artiers
transposition of great artiers
increaset pumonary vasculature
normal size heard
cyanosis day 2
counterindications for thrombolytic therapy
diabetic retinaupathy
increased blood pressure
bleeding
head bleed less than 3 months
brain tumor
causes of increase BP
renal artery stenosis (captopril renal scan)
cushing (hypoglycemia)
pheochromycytosis (headache, pap, diaphorissis, sudden)
aldosterone high (low K)
viral illness
friction rub
concace ST elev
PR depression
Flipped T waves
acute pericarditis
preexisting valvue defect
viral infect
janeway lesions
roth spot
splinter hemorage
osler nodes
bact endocarditis
janeway lesion
non-tender, small erythematous or haemorrhagic macules or nodules in the palms or soles, which are pathognomonic of infective
roth spots
retinal hemorrage
osler node
are painful, red, raised lesions on the finger pulps
obstructive cardiomyopathy treatment
hypertory ventricular spte
B block (metro
loud blowing murmor diastolic
peripheral bounding pulse
wide pusle
increase systolic blood
decrease distolic pressure
aortic insufficincy
right ventricul hypertrophy
right axis deviation
small heart
tetrology of phallot
presence in adolecence
systolic and diastolic murmor
split A and P
pum artery can and vasculature increaseed
right axis deviation
attrial septal defect
hypertrophic subaortic stenosis
OCM
hyertensive emergency treatemtn
heaturia, headache blurred vision
admit to hosptial
treatemtn of a fib and acute pul edema
cardioversion *sync_
IV loup diuratecxt nitrate, morphine
dobutamine
hydralazine
asymetric septal hypdertrophy
caused by
diabetic mom
left ventricle hypertrophic
IV drug
embli to lungs
plaque to lung
bilateral noduals
trans thorasic ecco
tricuspid valve endocarditis
progressive lenghtening ogf PR interval
sudden QRS droup outs
AV block 2
Mobiltz type I
treat with digoxin, B blocker
PR interval >0.2, slow heart rate
AV block 1
no treat
constatn PR,
sudden drop out of QRS
AV block 2nd degree
Mobitz type II a:v, 8:7
pacemaker
bradycardia
P wases independent of QRS
wide QRS
Lymes
AV block type 3
a>V
pacemaker
Wolff-Parkinson-White
pre-excitation
assessoyr AV pathway
increase QRS
delta wabes
ebstien abnoml
short PR
Pacemaker
abnormality V1-V3 and
I aVL
LAD
anteroseptal MI
change leads V4-V6, I , aVL
anterolateral MR
CRFLX
change leads II, III, aVF
RCA
inferior MI
EKG
reciprical V1-V3
RCA
posterior MI
tall peaked T waves
hyperkalemia
RTA type 4
leucosytosis
ejection systolic murmur
heard at apex radiating to carotids
slow rising pulse
systolic thrill
Left Vent Hypertrophy
Aortic stenosis
usually caused by calcificaiton and degeneration of congeitally normal valve
ETOH
diificulty breathing
sputum production
fine crepitation througout chest
acute pumonary edemay secondary to left ven systolic dysfunction
treat acute pumonary edema
no improv with IV furosemide, nitrates morphine dobutamine then give
hydralazine if BP is OK
valve lesion see in patients with acute bacterial endocarditis after infectsion with staph
IV drug user
tricupid regurg
ejection systolic murmur
heard at apex radiating to carotids
slow rising pulse
systolic thrill
Left Vent Hypertrophy
Aortic stenosis
usually caused by calcificaiton and degeneration of congeitally normal valve
ETOH
diificulty breathing
sputum production
fine crepitation througout chest
acute pumonary edemay secondary to left ven systolic dysfunction
treat acute pumonary edema
no improv with IV furosemide, nitrates morphine dobutamine then give
hydralazine if BP is OK
valve lesion see in patients with acute bacterial endocarditis after infectsion with staph
IV drug user
tricupid regurg
reasons for ECHO vs EKG when patient has arrest
LBBB, pacemaker, prior MI