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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anemia
decreased RBC count
angiogenesis
formation of new blood vessels
angular cheilosis
cracking sore @ corner of mouth
aplasia
lack of cellular development
apoptosis
programmed cell death
band cell
slightly immature neutrophil
blast cell
primitive WBC
cytokines
hormones vital for regulation of hematopoiesis, apoptosis, and immune response
dysplasia
abnormal development
ecchymosis
bruise
erythrocyte
RBC
erythrocyte sedementation rate (ESR)
lab test measuring rate of settling of RBCs
erythropoiesis
formation of RBCs
erythropoietin
hormone produced by kidney; needed for erythropoiesis
hematocrit
% of total blood volume consisting of RBCs
hematopoiesis
formation & maturation of blood cells
hemoglobin
iron-containing protein of RBCs
hemolysis
destruction of RBCs
hemostasis
balance between clot formation and clot dissolution
hyperplasia
abnormally increased proliferation of normal cells
hypochromia
pallor w/in RBC caused by decreased hemoglobin content
leukocyte
WBC
leukopenia
less than normal WBCs in circulation
lymphocyte
form of WBC for immune functions
lysis
destruction of cells
macrocytosis
larger than normal RBC
macrophage
cells of the RES that are capable of phagotcytosis.
mast cell
cells found in connective tissue involved in defense of the body and coagulation
microcytosis
smaller than normal RBCs
monocyte
large WBC that becomes a macrophage when it leaves the circulation and moves into body tissues
neutropenia
lower than normal # of neutrophils
neutrophil
fully mature WBC capable of phagocytosis
normochromic
normal RBC color
normocytic
normal RBC size
oxyhemoglobin
combined form of oxygen and hemoglobin
pancytopenia
abnormal decrease in WBCs, RBCs, and platelets
phagocytosis
process of ingestion and digestion of bacteria by cells
plasma
liquid portion of blood
platelet
thrombocyte
polycythemia
excess of RBCs
RBC
red blood cell, an erythrocyte
reticulocyte
slightly immature WBC
reticuloendothelial system (RES)
system of cells throughtout body capable of phagotcytosis
serum
portion of blood remaining after coagulation occurs
neutropenia
lower than normal # of neutrophils
stem cell
primitive cell, capable of self replication and differentiation
neutrophil
fully mature WBC capable of phagocytosis
normochromic
normal RBC color
normocytic
normal RBC size
oxyhemoglobin
combined form of oxygen and hemoglobin
pancytopenia
abnormal decrease in WBCs, RBCs, and platelets
phagocytosis
process of ingestion and digestion of bacteria by cells
plasma
liquid portion of blood
platelet
thrombocyte
polycythemia
excess of RBCs
RBC
red blood cell, an erythrocyte
reticulocyte
slightly immature WBC
reticuloendothelial system (RES)
system of cells throughtout body capable of phagotcytosis
serum
portion of blood remaining after coagulation occurs
stem cell
primitive cell, capable of self replication and differentiation
thrombin
enzyme necessary to convert fibrinogen into fibrin clot
thrombocyte
platelet
thrombocytopenia
lower than normal platelet count
thrombocytosis
higher than normal platelet count
WBC
white blood cell, leukocyte