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17 Cards in this Set

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milieu
n.周围, 环境
plural. milieus or milieux

Environment; setting.

Outside of his mileau, Peter's artistic nature was woefully misunderstood and he was often labelled a kook or a freak.

Milieu is from French, from Old French, from mi, "middle" (from Latin medius) + lieu, "place" (from Latin locus).
atelier
n.工作室, 画室
A workshop; a studio.

Atelier comes from French, from Old French astelier, "carpenter's shop," from astele, "splinter," from Late Latin astella, alteration of Latin astula, itself an alteration of assula, "a shaving, a chip," diminutive of assis, "board."
bedswerver
An unfaithful spouse.

From Old English bedd (bed) + sweorfan (to rub, to file away).
gravitas
<拉>n.庄严的举止,庄严

High seriousness (as in a person's bearing or in the treatment of a subject).

Gravitas is from the Latin gravitas, "heaviness, seriousness," from gravis, "heavy, serious."
mulct
n.罚金
vt.处以罚金, 抢夺
1. A fine or penalty.
2. To punish for an offense or misdemeanor by imposing a fine or demanding a forfeiture.
3. To obtain by fraud or deception.
4. To defraud; to swindle.
wunderkind
n.神童, 少年得志者,有巨大成就的青年人(pl. Wunderkinder)[德]神童 1. A child prodigy. 2. One who achieves great success or acclaim at an early age.

When he was well into his 40's, his wunderkind days far behind him, Jason had to wonder whether he had spent all these years resting on his laurels or whether he had actually peaked incredibly early.
eyeservice
n.在雇主看着时才干的活,赞赏的目光,尊敬的眼神
Work done only when the employer is present.

Referring to the service performed only when the employer is watching.

The owner felt assured [the excuses] were false -- all going to show habitual carelessness, indolence, and mere eyeservice.
assuage
vt.缓和, 减轻, 镇定

Wall Street extended its retreat Tuesday as investors grew more uneasy about the economy and found little to assuage their concerns in minutes from the Federal Reserve's last meeting.
what lies ahead
Investing is a big bet on an unknowable future. The mark of wisdom is accepting just how unknowable it is. Granted, that's not easy. Our brains are built to think the future will be like the near past. And we're too ready to act on the predictions of pundits, who are no more clued in than we are about what lies ahead.
bandwagon
n.乐队花车, 流行

Being humble in the face of uncertainty keeps you from costly mistakes. You won't jump on yesterday's bandwagon. And before you invest, you'll be more likely to ask a key question: "What if I'm wrong?"
overcautious
adj.过于谨慎的

Take calculated risks. He that is overcautious will accomplish little.
humdinger
n.极出色的人
gospel
n.福音, <俗>信仰, 真理
n. 〈圣经·新约〉福音书
pukka
adj.份量充足的, 纯良的
1. Authentic; genuine.
2. Good of its kind; first-class.

Pukka comes from Hindi pakka, "cooked, ripe," from Sanskrit pakva-, from pacati, "he cooks."
deracinate
vt.根除, 使孤立, 灭绝
1. To pluck up by the roots; to uproot. 2. To displace from one's native or accustomed environment.

noun deracination

After her parent's moved her across the country for her father to take a new job, Janice felt deracinated, all of her friends left behind in her suburban habitat as she was forced to adapt to her new high-rise-dwelling life.

Deracinate comes from Middle French desraciner, from des-, "from" (from Latin de-) + racine, "root" (from Late Latin radicina, from Latin radix, radic-).
antiquarian
n.古文物研究者, 收集古文物者
adj.古文物研究的
1. One who collects, studies, or deals in objects or relics from the past.
2. Of or pertaining to antiquarians or objects or relics from the past.
3. Dealing in or concerned with old or rare books.
junta
n.小集团,团体,派别
A group, especially one made of military officers, ruling a country after a coup.

From Spanish and Portuguese junta (committee,association) from Latin jungere (to join). Ultimately from the Indo-European root yeug- (to join)
that also gave us yoke, junction, jugular, adjust, Sanskrit yoga, and Greek
zeugma.