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441 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
avidity
n. Greediness.
accommodate
v. To furnish something as a kindness or favor.
acclaim
v. To utter with a shout.
accessory
n. A person or thing that aids the principal agent.
accession
n. Induction or elevation, as to dignity, office, or government.
avocation
n. Diversion.
accessible
adj. Approachable.
accelerate
v. To move faster.
abundant
adj. Plentiful.
academy
n. Any institution where the higher branches of learning are taught.
academician
n. A member of an academy of literature, art, or science.
abstinence
n. Self denial.
apposite
adj. Appropriate.
abusive
adj. Employing harsh words or ill treatment.
abrogate
v. To abolish, repeal.
academic
adj. Of or pertaining to an academy, college, or university.
abstruse
adj. Dealing with matters difficult to be understood.
abstemious
adj. Characterized by self denial or abstinence, as in the use of drink, food.
absorption
n. The act or process of absorbing.
abstain
v. To keep oneself back (from doing or using something).
absolve
v. To free from sin or its penalties.
absolution
n. Forgiveness, or passing over of offenses.
absent-minded
adj. Lacking in attention to immediate surroundings or business.
absence
n. The fact of not being present or available.
abscission
n. The act of cutting off, as in a surgical operation.
abscond
v. To depart suddenly and secretly, as for the purpose of escaping arrest.
abridgment
n. A condensed form as of a book or play.
abscess
n. A Collection of pus in a cavity formed within some tissue of the body.
abridge
v. To make shorter in words, keeping the essential features, leaning out minor particles.
abrasion
n. That which is rubbed off.
aboveboard
adv. & adj. Without concealment, fraud, or trickery.
aborigines
n. The original of earliest known inhabitants of a country.
aboriginal
adj. Primitive; unsophisticated.
abomination
n. A very detestable act or practice.
abominate
v. To hate violently.
abominable
adj. Very hateful.
abnormal
adj. Not conformed to the ordinary rule or standard.
abnegate
v. To renounce (a right or privilege).
ablution
n. A washing or cleansing, especially of the body.
able-bodied
adj. Competent for physical service.
abidance
n. An abiding.
abhorrent
adj. Very repugnant; hateful.
abhorrence
n. The act of detesting extremely.
abeyance
n. A state of suspension or temporary inaction.
aberration
n. Deviation from a right, customary, or prescribed course.
abduction
n. A carrying away of a person against his will, or illegally.
abdominal
n. Of, pertaining to, or situated on the abdomen.
abdomen
n. In mammals, the visceral cavity between the diaphragm and the pelvic floor; the belly.
abdicate
v. To give up (royal power or the like).
affront
n. An open insult or indignity.
affluence
n. A profuse or abundant supply of riches.
affirmative
adj. Answering yes; to a question at issue.
affiliate
n. Some auxiliary person or thing.
affectation
n. A studied or ostentatious pretense or attempt.
affable
adj. Easy to approach.
aerostatics
n. The branch of pneumatics that treats of the equilibrium, pressure, and mechanical properties.
aerostat
n. A balloon or other apparatus floating in or sustained by the air.
aeronautics
n. the art or practice of flying aircraft
aeronaut
n. One who navigates the air, a balloonist.
advocate
n. One who pleads the cause of another, as in a legal or ecclesiastical court.
advocacy
n. The act of pleading a cause.
advisory
adj. Not mandatory.
advertiser
n. One who advertises, especially in newspapers.
adversity
n. Misfortune.
adverse
adj. Opposing or opposed.
adumbrate
v. To represent beforehand in outline or by emblem.
adulterate
v. To make impure by the admixture of other or baser ingredients.
adulterant
n. An adulterating substance.
adoration
n. Profound devotion.
admonition
n. Gentle reproof.
admonish
v. To warn of a fault.
admittance
n. Entrance, or the right or permission to enter.
admissible
adj. Having the right or privilege of entry.
administrator
n. One who manages affairs of any kind.
adjutant
adj. Auxiliary.
adjuration
n. A vehement appeal.
adjunct
n. Something joined to or connected with another thing, but holding a subordinate place.
adjudge
v. To award or bestow by formal decision.
adjacent
n. That which is near or bordering upon.
adjacency
n. The state of being adjacent.
adhesion
n. The state of being attached or joined.
adherent
adj. Clinging or sticking fast.
adherence
n. Attachment.
addendum
n. Something added, or to be added.
adamant
n. Any substance of exceeding hardness or impenetrability.
actuary
n. An officer, as of an insurance company, who calculates and states the risks and premiums.
actuality
n. Any reality.
apposition
n. The act of placing side by side, together, or in contact.
actionable
adj. Affording cause for instituting an action, as trespass, slanderous words.
acrimony
n. Sharpness or bitterness of speech or temper.
acrimonious
adj. Full of bitterness.
acreage
n. Quantity or extent of land, especially of cultivated land.
acquaintance
n. Release or discharge from indebtedness, obligation, or responsibility.
acquittal
n. A discharge from accusation by judicial action.
acquisition
n. Anything gained, or made one's own, usually by effort or labor.
acquire
v. To get as one's own.
acquiescence
n. Passive consent.
acquiesce
v. To comply; submit.
acquaint
v. To make familiar or conversant.
acoustic
adj. Pertaining to the act or sense of hearing.
acknowledgment
n. Recognition.
acknowledge
v. To recognize; to admit the genuineness or validity of.
acidify
v. To change into acid.
achromatic
adj. Colorless,
Achillean
adj. Invulnerable.
acerbity
n. Sourness, with bitterness and astringency. acetate n. A salt of acetic acid.
accustom
v. To make familiar by use.
accusatory
adj. Of, pertaining to, or involving an accusation.
accusation
n. A charge of crime, misdemeanor, or error.
accursed
adj. Doomed to evil, misery, or misfortune.
accurate
adj. Conforming exactly to truth or to a standard.
accuracy
n. Exactness.
accumulate
v. To become greater in quantity or number.
accredit
v. To give credit or authority to.
accouter
v. To dress.
account
n. A record or statement of receipts and expenditures, or of business transactions.
accordion
n. A portable free-reed musical instrument.
accomplish
v. To bring to pass.
accomplice
n. An associate in wrong-doing.
accompany
v. To go with, or be associated with, as a companion.
accompanist
n. One who or that which accompanies.
accompaniment
n. A subordinate part or parts, enriching or supporting the leading part.
ancestry
n. One's ancestors collectively.
anatomy
n. That branch of morphology which treats of the structure of organisms.
anathema
n. Anything forbidden, as by social usage.
anarchy
n. Absence or utter disregard of government.
analyze
v. To examine minutely or critically.
analyst
n. One who analyzes or makes use of the analytical method.
analogous
adj. Corresponding (to some other) in certain respects, as in form, proportion, relations.
anagram
n. The letters of a word or phrase so transposed as to make a different word or phrase.
anachronism
n. Anything occurring or existing out of its proper time.
amusement
n. Diversion.
amputate
v. To remove by cutting, as a limb or some portion of the body.
amplitude
n. Largeness.
amphitheater
n. An edifice of elliptical shape, constructed about a central open space or arena.
amphibious
adj. Living both on land and in water.
ampersand
n. The character &; and.
amorphous
adj. Without determinate shape.
amorous
adj. Having a propensity for falling in love.
amicable
adj. Done in a friendly spirit.
Americanism
n. A peculiar sense in which an English word or phrase is used in the United States.
amenable
adj. Willing and ready to submit.
ameliorate
v. To relieve, as from pain or hardship
ambulate
v. To walk about
ambulance
n. A vehicle fitted for conveying the sick and wounded.
ambrosial
adj. Divinely sweet, fragrant, or delicious.
ambitious
adj. Eagerly desirous and aspiring.
ambiguous
adj. Having a double meaning.
ambidextrous
adj. Having the ability of using both hands with equal skill or ease.
amatory
adj. Designed to excite love.
amateur
adj. Practicing an art or occupation for the love of it, but not as a profession.
amalgamate
v. To mix or blend together in a homogeneous body.
amalgam
n. An alloy or union of mercury with another metal.
altruist
n. One who advocates or practices altruism.
altruism
n. Benevolence to others on subordination to self-interest.
alto n.
The lowest or deepest female voice or part.
altitude
n. Vertical distance or elevation above any point or base-level, as the sea.
alternative
n. Something that may or must exist, be taken or chosen, or done instead of something else.
alternate
n. One chosen to act in place of another, in case of the absence or incapacity of that other.
altercate
v. To contend angrily or zealously in words.
alteration
n. Change or modification.
almanac
n. A series of tables giving the days of the week together with certain astronomical information.
alluvion
n. Flood.
allusion
n. An indirect and incidental reference to something without definite mention of it.
allotment
n. Portion.
alliance
n. Any combination or union for some common purpose.
alleviate
v. To make less burdensome or less hard to bear.
allegory
n. The setting forth of a subject under the guise of another subject of aptly suggestive likeness.
alienation
n. Estrangement.
alienate
v. To cause to turn away.
alienable
adj. Capable of being aliened or alienated, as lands.
aldermanship
n. The dignity, condition, office, or term of office of an alderman.
alderman
n. A member of a municipal legislative body, who usually exercises also certain judicial functions.
alcoholism
n. A condition resulting from the inordinate or persistent use of alcoholic beverages.
alchemy
n. Chemistry of the middle ages, characterized by the pursuit of changing base metals to gold.
alacrity
n. Cheerful willingness.
alabaster
n. A white or delicately tinted fine-grained gypsum.
ailment
n. Slight sickness.
agrarian
adj. Pertaining to land, especially agricultural land.
agitate
v. To move or excite (the feelings or thoughts).
aggrieve
v. To give grief or sorrow to.
aggression
n. An unprovoked attack.
aggregate
n. The entire number, sum, mass, or quantity of something.
aggravation
n. The fact of being made heavier or more heinous, as a crime , offense, misfortune, etc.
aggravate
v. To make heavier, worse, or more burdensome.
aggrandize
v. To cause to appear greatly.
agglomerate
v. To pile or heap together.
afterthought
n. A thought that comes later than its appropriate or expected time.
aforesaid
adj. Said in a preceding part or before.
appertain
v. To belong, as by right, fitness, association, classification, possession,or natural relation.
append v.
o add or attach, as something accessory, subordinate, or supplementary.
appellation
n. The name or title by which a particular person, class, or thing is called.
appellate
adj. Capable of being appealed to.
appease
v. To soothe by quieting anger or indignation.
apparition
n. Ghost.
apparent
adj. Easily understood.
apothecary
n. One who keeps drugs for sale and puts up prescriptions.
apostle
n. Any messenger commissioned by or as by divine authority.
apostate
adj. False.
apostasy
n. A total departure from one's faith or religion.
apology
n. A disclaimer of intentional error or offense.
aphorism
n. Proverb.
aperture
n. Hole.
anxious
adj. Distressed in mind respecting some uncertain matter.
antonym
n. A word directly opposed to another in meaning.
antitoxin
n. A substance which neutralizes the poisonous products of micro-organisms.
antistrophe
n. The inversion of terms in successive classes, as in "the home of joy and the
antispasmodic
adj. Tending to prevent or relieve non-inflammatory spasmodic affections.
antislavery
adj. Opposed to human slavery.
antiseptic
n. Anything that destroys or restrains the growth of putrefactive micro-organisms.
antique
adj. Pertaining to ancient times.
antiquate
v. To make old or out of date.
antiquary
n. One who collects and examines old things, as coins, books, medals, weapons, etc.
antipodes
n. A place or region on the opposite side of the earth.
antiphony
n. An anthem or other composition sung responsively.
antiphon
n. A response or alteration of responses, generally musical.
antipathize
v. To show or feel a feeling of antagonism, aversion, or dislike.
antilogy
n. Inconsistency or contradiction in terms or ideas.
antidote
n. Anything that will counteract or remove the effects of poison, disease, or the like.
anticyclone
n. An atmospheric condition of high central pressure, with currents flowing outward.
anticlimax
n. A gradual or sudden decrease in the importance or impressiveness of what is said.
Antichrist
n. Any opponent or enemy of Christ, whether a person or a power.
anthropology
n. The science of man in general.
anthracite
n. Hard coal.
anthology
n. A collection of extracts from the writings of various authors.
anteroom
n. A room situated before and opening into another, usually larger.
anterior
adj. Prior.
antenatal
adj. Occurring or existing before birth.
antemundane
adj. Pertaining to time before the world's creation.
antemeridian
adj. Before noon.
antediluvian
adj. Of or pertaining to the times, things, events before the great flood in the days of Noah.
antedate
v. To assign or affix a date to earlier than the actual one.
antechamber
n. A waiting room for those who seek audience.
antecedent
n. One who or that which precedes or goes before, as in time, place, rank, order, or causality.
antecede
v. To precede.
Antarctic
adj. Pertaining to the south pole or the regions near it.
antagonism
n. Mutual opposition or resistance of counteracting forces, principles, or persons.
anonymous
adj. Of unknown authorship.
annunciation
n. Proclamation.
annotate
v. To make explanatory or critical notes on or upon.
annihilate
v. To destroy absolutely.
annalist
n. Historian.
animosity
n. Hatred.
animate
v. To make alive.
animalcule
n. An animal of microscopic smallness.
animadvert
v. To pass criticism or censure.
animadversion
n. The utterance of criticism or censure.
anhydrous
adj. Withered.
angular
adj. Sharp-cornered.
Anglo-Saxon
n. The entire English race wherever found, as in Europe, the United States, or India.
Anglophobia
n. Hatred or dread of England or of what is English.
angelic
adj. Saintly.
anesthetic
adj. Pertaining to or producing loss of sensation.
anemometer
n. An instrument for measuring the force or velocity of wind.
anecdote
n. A brief account of some interesting event or incident.
augment
v. To make bigger.
auditory
adj. Of or pertaining to hearing or the organs or sense of hearing.
audition
n. The act or sensation of hearing.
audible
adj. Loud enough to be heard.
audacious
adj. Fearless.
attache
n. A subordinate member of a diplomatic embassy.
atrocity
n. Great cruelty or reckless wickedness.
atrocious
adj. Outrageously or wantonly wicked, criminal, vile, or cruel.
atonement
n. Amends, reparation, or expiation made from wrong or injury.
atomizer
n. An apparatus for reducing a liquid to a fine spray, as for disinfection, inhalation, etc.
athwart
adv. From side to side.
athirst
adj. Wanting water.
atheism
n. The denial of the existence of God.
astringent
adj. Harsh in disposition or character.
assuage
v. To cause to be less harsh, violent, or severe, as excitement, appetite, pain, or disease.
assonate
v. To accord in sound, especially vowel sound.
assonant
adj. Having resemblance of sound.
assonance
n. Resemblance or correspondence in sound.
assimilate
v. To adapt.
assignee
n. One who is appointed to act for another in the management of certain property and interests.
assiduous
adj. Diligent.
assessor
n. An officer whose duty it is to assess taxes.
assassinate
v. To kill, as by surprise or secret assault, especially the killing of some eminent person.
assassin
n. One who kills, or tries to kill, treacherously or secretly.
assailant
n. One who attacks.
aspiration
n. An earnest wish for that which is above one's present reach.
aspirant
n. One who seeks earnestly, as for advancement, honors, place.
asperity
n. Harshness or roughness of temper.
askance
adv. With a side or indirect glance or meaning.
asexual
adj. Having no distinct sexual organs.
ascetic
adj. Given to severe self-denial and practicing excessive abstinence and devotion.
ascension
n. The act of rising.
ascendant
adj. Dominant.
artless
adj. Ingenuous.
artifice
n. Trickery.
Arthurian
adj. Pertaining to King Arthur, the real or legendary hero of British poetic story.
Artesian well
n. A very deep bored well. water rises due to underground pressure
arrogate
v. To take, demand, or claim, especially presumptuously or without reasons or grounds.
arrogant
adj. Unduly or excessively proud, as of wealth, station, learning, etc.
arrival
n. A coming to stopping-place or destination.
arrangement
n. The act of putting in proper order, or the state of being put in order.
arrange
v. To put in definite or proper order.
arraign
v. To call into court, as a person indicted for crime, and demand whether he pleads guilty or not.
aristocrat
n. A hereditary noble or one nearly connected with nobility.
aristocracy
n. A hereditary nobility
archipelago
n. Any large body of water studded with islands, or the islands collectively themselves.
archetype
n. A prototype.
archaeology
n. The branch of anthropology concerned with the systematic investigation of the relics of man.
archdeacon
n. A high official administrator of the affairs of a diocese.
archbishop
n. The chief of the bishops of an ecclesiastical province in the Greek, Roman, and Anglican church.
archangel
n. An angel of high rank.
archaism
n. Obsolescence.
archaic
adj. Antiquated
arboriculture
n. The cultivation of trees or shrubs.
arboretum
n. A botanical garden or place devoted to the cultivation of trees or shrubs.
arborescent
adj. Having the nature of a tree.
arboreal
adj. Of or pertaining to a tree or trees.
arbitrate
v. To act or give judgment as umpire.
arbitrary
adj. Fixed or done capriciously.
arbiter
n. One chosen or appointed, by mutual consent of parties in dispute, to decide matters.
aqueous
adj. Of, pertaining to, or containing water.
aqueduct
n. A water-conduit, particularly one for supplying a community from a distance.
appropriate
adj. Suitable for the purpose and circumstances.
approbation
n. Sanction.
apprehensible
adj. Capable of being conceived.
apprehend
v. To make a prisoner of (a person) in the name of the law.
appreciable
adj. Capable of being discerned by the senses or intellect.
appraise
v. To estimate the money value of.
aversion
n. A mental condition of fixed opposition to or dislike of some particular thing.
avarice
n. Passion for getting and keeping riches.
avalanche
n. The fall or sliding of a mass of snow or ice down a mountain-slope, often bearing with it rock.
auxiliary
n. One who or that which aids or helps, especially when regarded as subsidiary or accessory.
autumnal
adj. Of or pertaining to autumn.
autopsy
n. The examination of a dead body by dissection to ascertain the cause of death.
autonomy
n. Self-government.
autonomous
adj. Self-governing.
automaton
n. Any living being whose actions are or appear to be involuntary or mechanical.
autocrat
n. Any one who claims or wields unrestricted or undisputed authority or influence.
autocracy
n. Absolute government.
autobiography
n. The story of one's life written by himself.
authenticity
n. The state or quality of being genuine, or of the origin and
authentic
adj. Of undisputed origin.
autarchy
n. Unrestricted power.
austere
adj. Severely simple; unadorned.
auspice
n. favoring, protecting, or propitious influence or guidance.
auriferous
adj. Containing gold.
auricular
adj. Of or pertaining to the ear, its auricle, or the sense of
auricle
n. One of the two chambers of the heart which receives the blood from the veins.
Augustinian
adj. Pertaining to St. Augustine, his doctrines, or the religious orders called after him.
apotheosis
n. Deification.
cursive
adj. Writing in which the letters are joined together.
cursory
adj. Rapid and superficial.
credible
adj. Believable.
credence
n. Belief.
creamery
n. A butter-making establishment.
craving
n. A vehement desire.
cranium
n. The skull of an animal, especially that part enclosing the brain.
coxswain
n. One who steers a rowboat, or one who has charge of a ship's boat and its crew under an officer.
covenant
n. An agreement entered into by two or more persons or parties.
courtesy
n. Politeness originating in kindness and exercised habitually.
courser
n. A fleet and spirited horse.
courageous
adj. Brave.
countryman
n. A rustic.
counting-house
n. A house or office used for transacting business, bookkeeping, correspondence, etc.
countervail
v. To offset.
counterpart
n. Something taken with another for the completion of either.
counterfeit
adj. Made to resemble something else.
countercharge
v. To accuse in return.
counterbalance
v. To oppose with an equal force.
counteract
v. To act in opposition to.
counter-claim
n. A cross-demand alleged by a defendant in his favor against the plaintiff.
cosmopolitan
adj. Common to all the world.
cosmology
n. The general science of the universe.
cosmography
n. The science that describes the universe, including astronomy, geography, and geology.
cosmogony
n. A doctrine of creation or of the origin of the universe.
cosmetic
adj. Pertaining to the art of beautifying, especially the complexion.
corruption
n. Loss of purity or integrity.
corruptible
adj. Open to bribery.
corrosive
n. That which causes gradual decay by crumbling or surface disintegration.
corrosion
n. Gradual decay by crumbling or surface disintegration.
corrode
v. To ruin or destroy little by little.
corroboration
n. Confirmation.
corroborate
v. To strengthen, as proof or conviction.
corrigible
adj. Capable of reformation.
correlative
adj. Mutually involving or implying one another.
correlate
v. To put in some relation of connection or correspondence.
corpuscle
n. A minute particle of matter.
corpulent
adj. Obese.
corporeal
adj. Of a material nature; physical.
corporate
adj. Belonging to a corporation.
corporal
adj. Belonging or relating to the body as opposed to the mind.
coronet
n. Inferior crown denoting, according to its form, various degrees of noble rank less than sovereign.
coronation
n. The act or ceremony of crowning a monarch.
corollary
n. A proposition following so obviously from another that it requires little demonstration.
cornucopia
n. The horn of plenty, symbolizing peace and prosperity.
cornice
n. An ornamental molding running round the walls of a room close to the ceiling.
coquette
n. A flirt.
copious
adj. Plenteous.
convulsion
n. A violent and abnormal muscular contraction of the body.
convulse
v. To cause spasms in.
convolve
v. To move with a circling or winding motion.
convolution
n. A winding motion.
convivial
adj. Devoted to feasting, or to good-fellowship in eating or drinking.
conveyance
n. That by which anything is transported.
convertible
adj. Interchangeable.
conversion
n. Change from one state or position to another, or from one form to another.
cynosure
n. That to which general interest or attention is directed.
cynicism
n. Contempt for the opinions of others and of what others value.
cynical
adj. Exhibiting moral skepticism.
cycloid
adj. Like a circle.
curtail
v. To cut off or cut short.
consignee
n. A person to whom goods or other property has been entrusted.
consign
v. To entrust.
conservatory
n. An institution for instruction and training in music and declamation.
conservative
adj. Adhering to the existing order of things.
conservatism
n. Tendency to adhere to the existing order of things.
consensus
n. A collective unanimous opinion of a number of persons.
consecutive
adj. Following in uninterrupted succession.
consecrate
v. To set apart as sacred.
conscript
v. To force into military service.
conscious
adj. Aware that one lives, feels, and thinks.
conscientious
adj. Governed by moral standard.
conscience
n. The faculty in man by which he distinguishes between right and wrong in character and conduct.
consanguineous
adj. Descended from the same parent or ancestor.
conquer
v. To overcome by force.
connubial
adj. Pertaining to marriage or matrimony.
curator
n. A person having charge as of a library or museum.
curable
adj. Capable of being remedied or corrected.
cupidity
n. Avarice.
culvert
n. Any artificial covered channel for the passage of water through a bank or under a road, canal.
culprit
n. A guilty person.
culpable
adj. Guilty.
culinary
adj. Of or pertaining to cooking or the kitchen.
crystallize
v. To bring together or give fixed shape to.
cryptogram
n. Anything written in characters that are secret or so arranged as to have hidden meaning.
crustaceous
adj. Having a crust-like shell.
crustacean
adj. Pertaining to a division of arthropods, containing lobsters, crabs, crawfish, etc.
crusade
n. Any concerted movement, vigorously prosecuted, in behalf of an idea or principle.
crucible
n. A trying and purifying test or agency.
crockery
n. Earthenware made from baked clay.
critique
n. A criticism or critical review.
criterion
n. A standard by which to determine the correctness of a judgment or conclusion.
crevice
n. A small fissure, as between two contiguous surfaces.
crevasse
n. A deep crack or fissure in the ice of a glacier.
crematory
adj. A place for cremating dead bodies.
credulous
adj. Easily deceived.