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49 Cards in this Set

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12th Amendment
Created a seperate ballot for president and vice-president
Convention of 1818
-Firmly established the border between the United States and Canada at the 49th Parallel
-agreed to joint occupation of the Pacific Northwest
American System
The plan for using high tariffs to pay for internal improvements
Hudson River School
a group of artists that painted primarily landscapes
Black Hawk
A Suak American Indian leader who refused to be driven from his land in the Northwest Territories
Indian Removal Act
authorized the removal of American Indians who lived east of the Mississippi
James Fenimore Cooper
-He popularized a type of writing called Historical Fiction
-Wrote The last of the Mohicans
Andrew Jackson
the 7th President of the Untied States
George Caleb Bingham
tried to combine rugged landscapes with scenes of frontier life
Rush-Bagot Agreement
limited naval power of both sides on the Great Lakes
John Quincy Adams
6th President of the United States
Henry Clay
Kentucky representative who helped Congress reach the Missouri Compromise
Nominating Conventions
public meetings to select the party's presidential and vice presidential candidates
John C. Calhoun
Jackson's running mate in the election of 1828
Martin Van Buren
Jackson's Secretary of State
States' rights
the idea that the federal government's authority is strictly limited by the Constitution
Spoils System
the practice of rewarding supporters with government jobs
William Henry Harrison
-9th President of the United States
-He belonged to the Whig Party
nullification crisis
the dispute between the state and federal governments
Indian Territory
a new American Indian homeland created by Congress in what is now called Oklahoma
Whig Party
Jackson's opponents formed this party
Worcester v. Georgia
the Supreme Court ruled that the state's had no authority over the Cherokee
Cumberland Road
-the first federal road project
-it ran from Cumberland to Wheeling..Later it was expanded to reach to Illinois
Osecola
A Seminole leader who called upon his followers to resist removal by force
Trail of Tears
The Cherokee's 800 mile march from their land. Almost 1/4 of their people died.
Missouri Compromise
-Missouri enters the Union as a slave state, Maine as a free state
-Slavery would be prohibited in new territories north of the 36 30 line
Erie Canal
-ran from Albany to Buffalo
-Opened up transportation to all of the towns on the great lakes to New York City
Democratic Party
This party was formed, in part, by followers of Andrew Jackson because they thought that Jackson was robbed in the election of 1824
Catharine Maria Sedgwick
-Famous writer who wrote the novel A New England Tale
-Most successful female author of her time
Washington Irving
famous American writer who wrote "Rip Van Winkle" and "Legend of Sleepy Hollow"
Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek
the Choctaw gave more the 7.5 million acres of their land away
Sequoya
a Cherokee who developed a written language
Bureau of Indian Affairs
was created to oversee federal policy toward American Indians
John Ross
A successful plantation owner who was also elected chief of the Cherokee
Panic of 1837
financial crisis that occurred while Van Buren was president
Adams-Onis Treaty
Spain gave Florida to the United States
McCulloch v. Maryland
The Supreme Court:
- supported the right of the national bank to exist
-federal law is superior to state law
Monroe Doctrine
declared that North and South America were off limits to future colonization by any foreign power
Tariff of Abominations
a protective tariff that southerners believed favored the north and was a clear example of the federal government abusing its power over the states
Daniel Webster
Famous Senator from Massachusetts
Kitchen Cabinet
Jackson's informal group of advisors
Treaty of Greenville
-Gave the U.S. access to the American Indian lands in the Northwest Territory
-American Indians received $20,000 in goods and acknowlegment of their claim to the lands they still held
Right of Deposit
this right would allow American boats to transfer their goods at New Orleans without peaying fees on their cargo
Jay's Treaty
-U.S. agreed to pay pre-revolution debts
-British would abandon forts on the northwestern frontier
-Small U.S. merchant ships were allowed to trade certain goods in the Caribbean
John Jay
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court who was sent to Britian by Washington to try to avert war
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
-stated that the Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutinal
-state governmnets had the right to ignore laws that they believed were unconstitutional
Alien and Sedition Acts
-allowed the president to have foreigh residents removed from the country
-citizens could not write, utter, or publish any hostile words towards the government
Federalist Party
-wanted to make the federal government stronger
-wanted to promte industry and trade
Political Parties
groups that help elect government officals and shape policies