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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
monosaccharides
glucose galactose fructose
disaccharides
sucrose lactose maltose
polysacchrides
cellulose starch glycogen
conjugated carbohydrates
glycoprotein glycolipid proteoglycan
glucose
BLOOD SUGAR energy source for most cells
galactose
converted to glucose and metabolized
fructose
fruit sugar converted to glucose and metabolized
sucrose
cane sugar digested to glucose and fructose
lactose
milk sugar digested to glucose and galactose; important in infant nutrition
maltose
malt sugar product of starch digestion; further digested to glucose
cellulose
structural polysacchrides of plants; dietary fiber
starch
energy storage in plants
glycogen
energy storage in animal cells(liver, muscle, brain, uterus, vagina)
glycoprotein
component of the cell surface coat and mucus, among other roles
glycolipid
component of the cell surface coat
proteoglycan
cell adhesion, lubrication, supportive filler of some tissues and organs