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27 Cards in this Set

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Name the tiny piece of fascia on the lateral surface of the thigh
fascia latae
What covers the epaxial muscles and is continuous with the deep gluteal fascia?
thoracolumbar fascia
Name the muscles of the rump
1. Superficial gluteal muscle
2. Middle gluteal muscle
3. Deep gluteal muscle
Superficial gluteal m.
Origin: Sacrum and first caudal vertebrae, sacrotuberous ligament

Insertion: third trocanter of the femur
Action: Abduct the limb; extend the hip joint
Middle gluteal m.
Origin: wing of the ilium

Insertion: Greater trochanter of the femur
Action: extend the hip joint; rotate the limb medially
Deep gluteal m.
Origin: body of the ilium, ischiatic spine

Insertion: greater trochanter
Action:extend the hip joint; rotate the limb medially
Name the Caudal Muscles of the Thigh
1. Biceps femoris
2. Semitendinosus
3. Semimembranosus
Biceps femoris m.
Origin: sacrotuberous ligament and ischiatic tuberosity

Insertion: patella, patellar ligament and cranial border of the tibia; calcaneous
Action: extend the hip joint; abduct the limb, extend the stifle joint when the limb is fixed and bearing weight; flex the stifle joint what the limb is not bearing weight; extend the tarsal joints
Semitendinosus
Origin: Ischiatic tuberosity

Insertion: body of the tibia; calcaneous
Action: extend the hip joint; extend the stifle when the limb is bearing weight; flex the stifle when the limb is not bearing weight; extend the tarsal jointsf
Semimebranosus
Origin: Ischiatic tuberosity

Insertion: caudal surface of distal femur; proximal end of tibia
Action: Extend hip joint; flex or extend stifle joint
What are the Medial Muscles of the Thigh?
1. Sartorius m.
2. Pectinius m.
3. Gracilis m.
4. Adductor m.
Sartorius m.
Origin: ventral border of the cranial ilium

Insertion: Patella and cranial border of the tibia
Action: Flex the hip joint; flex and extend the stifle joint
Pectinius m.
Origin: iliopubic eminence

Insertion: caudomedial aspect of distal femur
Action: adduct the limb
Gracilis m.
Origin: pelvic symphysis

Insertion: cranial border of the tibia and tuber calcanei
Action: adduct the limb; extend the hip joint; flex the stifle joint; extend the tarsal joints
Adductor m.
Origin: pelvic symphysis and adjacent ischial arch; ventral pubis and ischium

Insertion: lateral lip of the caudal surface of the femur
Action: adduct the limb; extend the hip joint
What is the name of the strong tendon which inserts on the tuber calcanei?
calcaneon tendon
what is the calcaneon tendon an insertion of?
the gracilis muscles
What three muscles does the femoral triangle consist of?
Sartorius, pectineus, and adductor muscles
What is the name of the lymph node deep to the muscle at the level of the stifle?
Popliteal lymph node
What nerve is located next to the popliteal lymph node?
Sciatic nerve
What are the Cranial Muscles of the Thigh?
1. Tensor fascia latae
2. Quadriceps femoris
Tensor fascia latae m.
Origin: tuber coxae and adjacent part of ilium

Insertion: lateral femoral fascia
Action: tense the lateral femoral fascia; flex the hip joint and extend the stifle joint
Rectus femoris m.
Origin: tuberosity for rectus femoris m.

Insertion: tibial tuberosity via the patellar ligament
Action: To extend the stifle joint; flex the hip joint
Vastus lateralis m.
Origin: proximal femur

Insertion: Tibial tuberosity via the patellar ligament
Action: Extend the stifle joint
Vastus medialis m.
Origin: proximal femur

Insertion: Tibial tuberosity via the patellar ligament
Action: Extend the stifle joint
Vastus intermedius m.
Origin: proximal femur

Insertion: Tibial tuberosity via the patellar ligament
Action: Extend the stifle joint
What is the large sesamoid bone embedded in the tendon as it crosses the trochlea of the femur?
Patella