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70 Cards in this Set

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adenoma
tumor of glandular origin (benign)
adencarcinoma
cancer of the glandular origin (malignant
Sarcoma
cancerous tumor derived fom connective tissues (bone, fat, muscle, bone marrow)
cystic
forming large open spaces filled with fluid
necrotic
pertaining to death (dead tissue)
inflammatory
redness, swelling, heat (lesions)
polypoid
growths that are like projections extending outward from the base (colon polyps)
ulcerating
open, exposed surface resulting from death of overlying tissues (doesn't heal - cancer)
carcinoma in situ
localized tumor cells
dysplastic
abnormal formation of cells (abnormal growth)
follicular
forming small, microscopic gland type sacs (base of hair follicles)
nodular
forming multiple areas of highly packed clusers of cells with lightly populated areas between
undifferentiated
lacking microscopic structures typical of normal mature cells
grade
degree of maturity of differentation under the microscope
stage
cancer extent of spread with the body
metastases
spreads to other areas.
electrocautery/fulguration
destruction of tissue by burning
excisional biopsy (needle)
removal of tumor and marginal normal tissue to provide specimen for diagnosis
exteneration
removal or tumor, its organ of orgin and all surrounding tissue (wide resection)
incisional biopsy
piece of tumor is removed for examination to establsh diagnosis.
rad
radiation absorbed dose
radiocurable tumor
tumor that can be completely eradicated by radiation therapy. (Hodgkins-Lymphomas)
radioresistent tumor
tumor which radiation can cause death of cells without serious damage to surrounding tissue.
palliative therapy
relieving, but not curing syptoms
alopecia
baldness
mucositis/stomatitis
inflammation/ulceration of mucuos membranes: mouth, vagina, bladder
receptors
a specialized cell or group of nerve endings that respond to sensory stimuli - Estrogen
alkylating agents (type of chemo treatment)
synthetic chemicals containing alkyl groups that interfere with DNA synthesis
antimetabolites (type of chemo treatment)
chemicals that prevent cell division
antimitotics (type of chemo treatment)
drugs that block mitosis in cells (replication)
adjunct therapy
assisting primary treatment
benign tumors
noncancerous tumors - won't spread
chemotherapy
treatment with drugs
encapsulated
surrounded by capsule. Benign tumors are encapsulated.
invasive
having ability to enter and destroy surrounding tissue.
infiltrated
extend beyond normal tissue boundaries.
morbidity
condition of being diseased
mortality
condition of being dead
mutation
change in genetic material(DNA) of a cell (what causes the cell to change)
protocol
Specific order: An explicit detailed plan for treatment
remission
absence of symptoms of disease - temporary improvement
relapse
return of symptoms of disease
cac/o
bad
cachexia
loss of muscle tone - tissue
cautero
burn, heat - (electrocautery)
muta
genetic change (mutation)
mutageno
causing genetic change (mutagenic- radiation, cigarette smoke)
onco
tumor (oncology)
blastoma
immature tumor -undifferentiated (neuroblastoma)
genesis
formation
oma
mass, tumor
oncagenic
cancer forming
plasia
formation, growth (hyperplasia) - excessive growth
plasm
formation growth (neoplasm-freckles)
Pap Test
examination of cervix
PSA
prostate specific antigen (screening for prostate cancer)
CEA
Carcinoembryonic Antigen (screening ovarian cancer, tumors)
CA 125
screening for ovarian cancer
bone marrow biopsy
aspiration of bone marrow tissue and examination under microscope for evidence of malignant cells.
fiberoptic colonoscopy
visual exam of colon using fiberoptic instrument
laparoscopy
belly button surgery - visual exam of the abdominal cavity using small incisions and a laparoscope. (peritonescopy)
apoptosis
programmed cell death
radiation
wave of energy
name the 3 groups of cancer
Mixed, carcinoma, sarcoma
Carcinoma
largest group of cancers. Solid tumors that derive from epithelial tissue
Sarcoma
derive from connective tissues
Mixed
both epithelial tissue and connective tissue (very rare)
Cancer
unrestrained and excessive growth of cells in the body.
anaplasia
loss of differentiation of cells: reversion to a more primitive type cell
medull/o
soft, inner part