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19 Cards in this Set

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alcohol
Organic compounds containing hydroxyl groups.
aldehyde
An organic molecule with a carbonyl group located at the end of the carbon skeleton.
amine
An organic compound with one or more amino groups.
amino group
A functional group that consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to two hydrogen atoms; can act as a base in solution, accepting a hydrogen ion and acquiring a charge of +1.
carbonyl group
A functional group present in aldehydes and ketones and consisting of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom.
carboxyl group
carboxyl group

A functional group present in organic acids and consisting of a single carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom and also bonded to a hydroxyl group.
carboxylic acid
An organic compound containing a carboxyl group.
enantiomer
Molecules that are mirror images of each other.
functional group
A specific configuration of atoms commonly attached to the carbon skeletons of organic molecules and usually involved in chemical reactions.
geometric isomer
geometric isomers

Compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the spatial arrangements of their atoms.
hydrocarbon
An organic molecule consisting only of carbon and hydrogen.
hydroxyl group
A functional group consisting of a hydrogen atom joined to an oxygen atom by a polar covalent bond. Molecules possessing this group are soluble in water and are called alcohols.
isomer
isomer

One of several organic compounds with the same molecular formula but different structures and therefore different properties. The three types of isomers are structural isomers, geometric isomers, and enantiomers.
ketone
ketone

An organic compound with a carbonyl group of which the carbon atom is bonded to two other carbons.
organic chemistry
The study of carbon compounds (organic compounds).
phosphate group
A functional group important in energy transfer.
structural isomer
structural isomers

Compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the covalent arrangements of their atoms.
sulfhydryl group
A functional group consisting of a sulfur atom bonded to a hydrogen atom (—SH).
thiol
Organic compounds containing sulfhydryl groups.