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170 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsus
to drive back; to rout
imperator, imperatoris, m.
commander, general
plerumque, adv.
generally, usually; often
reperio, reperire, repperi, repertus
to find, discover
defatigo, -are, -avi, -atus
to wear out, exhaust
ratio, rationis, f.
reason; plan; method; stratagem, ploy
barbarus, -a, -um
foreign; uncivilized, undisciplined
frumentum, -i, n.
grain; pl. crops
nihil, adv.
not at all
desum, deesse, defui, irreg + dat
to be lacking, fall short, fail
longiorem
later
confero, conferre, contuli, collatus, irreg + in + acc
to put off until
collaturus fuisset
he had been about to ..., he had intended to ...
repraesento, -are, -avi, -atus
to do at once
proxima nocte
tonight
lit. on the next night
quam primum, idiom
as soon as possible
praeterea nemo
no one else
dubito, -are, -avi, -atus
to be uncertain, have doubts
eam
it
praetoria cohors, praetoriae cohortis, f.
military background
indulgeo, indulgere, indulsi + dat
to favor
praecipue, adv.
especially
confido, confidere, confisus sum
to be confident; + dat to trust, have faith in
aliqui, -ae, -a
some (or other)
apud, prep. + acc.
at the house of; among
decimus, -a, -um
tenth
enim, postpositive conj.
for
eo, ire, ivi or ii, iturus, irreg.
to go
fortuna, -ae, f.
fortune
intellego, -ere, intellexi, intellectus
to understand; to find out, learn
itaque, adv.
and so, therefore
male, adv.
badly, poorly
maxime, adv.
very much, especially
nemo, neminis, m.
no one
nox, noctis, noctium, f.
night
plus, adv.
more
praeterea, adv.
besides, moreover
scio, -ire, scivi, scitus
to know
solus, -a, -um
only, alone
utrum . . . an, conj.
whether . . . or
valeo, -ere, valui, valiturus
to be strong
vita, -ae, f.
life
postridie eius diei
on the following day
lit. on the after-day of this day
praesidium, -i, n.
guard
satis
(a large) enough (garrison)
alarii, -orum, m. pl.
auxiliary troops (lightly armed soldiers)
conspectus, -us, m.
sight, general view
constituo, constituere, constitui, constitutus
to set up, arrange, place
minus multitudine . . . valebat
he was weaker in the number (of) . . .
lit. he was less strong in respect to the number (of)
legionarius, -a, -um
of the legion, legionary
pro
in comparison with, compared to
species, -ei, f.
sight; appearance
ad speciem
for appearances' sake, to give the impression of strength
acies, -ei, f.
battle line
usque ad + acc.
as far as, right up to
demum, adv.
finally, at last
necessario, adv.
perforce, by necessity
utor, uti, usus sum + abl.
to use, employ
ispe
Caesar, in person
triplex, tripicis
triple
instruo, instruere, instruxi, instructus
to build; of troops, to draw up, form
generatim, adv.
tribe by tribe, in tribal groups as follows
intervallum, -i, n.
interval, distance (apart)
carrus, -i, m.
cart
circumdo, circumdare, circumdedi, circumdatus
to surround, encircle
spes, -ei, f.
hope, expectation, prospect
pando, pandere, pandi, passus
to spread out, stretch out, extend
fleo, flere, flevi, fletus
to cry, weep
imploro, -are, -avi, -atus
to implore, beg
accedo, -ere, accessi, accessurus
to advance, go, come
educo, educere, eduxi, eductus
to lead or take (out)
eo, adv.
to that place, there
impono, imponere, imposui, impositus
to place on, put
manus, -us, f.
hand
mulier, mulieris, f.
woman; wife
multitudo, multitudinis, f.
(large) number or size
ne, conj. + subjn.
so that . . . not
numerus, -i, m.
number
postridie, adv.
on the day after
pro, prep. + abl.
in front of
raeda, -ae, f.
coach, wagon
relinquo, -ere, reliqui, relictus
to leave behind, leave
servitus, servitutis, f.
slavery
trado, -ere, tradidi, traditus
to hand over, deliver, surrender
tum, adv.
then
uterque, utraque, utrumque
each (of two)
singuli, -ae, -a
single, individual
quaestor, quaestoris, m.
quaestor
praeficio, praeficere, praefeci, praefectus
to put X in charge of Y (dat)
testis, testis, testium, m.
witness
minime firmam
the least strong, the weakest
repente, adv.
suddenly
spatium, -i, n.
space; opportunity
pilum, -i, n.
javelin
reicio, reicere, reieci, reiectus
to throw back; to throw aside
comminus, adv.
hand to hand, at close quarters
pugnatum est
the fighting continued = they fought
consuetudo, consuetudinis, f.
custom, habit
phalanx, phalangis, f.
phalanx
celeriter ex consuetudine sua phalange facta
quickly entering into their usual formation
lit. quickly having made a phalanx according to their habit
insilio, insilire, insilui
to jump on, leap
scutum, -i, n.
shield
revello, revellere, revelli, revulsus
to tear X (acc.) from Y (abl)
desuper, adv.
from above
premo, premere, pressi, pressus
to press hard, bear down on
P. Crassus adulescens
the young Publius Crassus
expeditus, -a, -um
lightly armed; unhampered, free
versor, versari, versatus sum + inter + acc
to be involved in; to be in
subsidium, -i, n.
reinforcement; support, help
acer, acris, acre
fierce
adulescens, adulescentis
young
at, conj.
but
celer, celeris, celere
swift, quick
committo, -ere, commisi, commissus
to entrust;
with proelium, to enter battle
complures, -es, -a
several; many
conicio, -ere, conieci, coniectus
to throw, hurl
dexter, dextra, dextrum
right
do, dare, dedi, datus
to give
excipio, -ere, excepi, exceptus
to receive
firmus, -a, -um
firm, strong
gladius, -i, m.
sword
impetus, -us, m.
attack
laboro, -are, -avi, -atus
to work; to struggle, be in trouble
procurro, -ere, procurri, procursurus
to run or rush forward
pugno, -are, -avi, -aturus
to fight
sinister, sinistra, sinistrum
left
vulnero, -are, -avi, -atus
to wound, inflict a wound
restituo, restituere, restitui, restitutus
to restore, revive, renew
tergum vertere
to turn one's back, to turn and flee, to flee
priusquam, conj.
before, until
desisto, desistere, destiti, destitus + inf.
to cease, stop (doing)
passus, -us, m.
step, pace
circiter, adv.
about
perpauci, -ae, -a
very few
viribus confisi
trusting in their strength
trano, -are, -avi
to swim across
contendo, contendere, contendi, contentus
to attempt, try
salus, salutis, f.
safety, (a means of) survival
navicula, -ae, f.
small boat
deligo, -are, -avi, -atus
to fasten, tie up
ripa, -ae, f.
bank (of a river), shore
nanciscor, nancisci, nactus sum
to chance upon, find
eques, equitis, m.
horseman; pl. cavalry
Suebus, -a, -um
of the Suebi tribe, Sueban
natio, nationis, f.
people, race
natione
by birth
Noricus, -a, -um
of Noricum, Norican
Voccio, Voccionis, m.
Voccio (king of Noricum)
pereo, perire, perii, periturus, irreg.
to perish, die
alter, altera, alterum
the other (of two), the second
alter . . . alter
one . . . the other
consequor, -i, consecutus sum
to follow after; to overtake
duo, duae, duo
two
filia, -ae, f.
daughter
fugio, -ere, fugi, fugiturus
to flee, run away
frater, fratris, m.
brother
ibi, adv.
in that place, there
invenio, -ire, inveni, inventus
to come upon, find
mille, indecl. noun and adj.
a thousand
milia, milium, n. pl.
thousands
occido, -ere, occidi, occisus
to kill
profugio, -ere, profugi
to flee, escape
quinque
five
rex, regis, m.
king
soror,sororis, f.
sister
tergum, -i, n.
back
uxor, uxoris, f.
woman; wife
verto, -ere, verti, versus
to turn
vis, acc.
vim, abl.
vi, f.
force; attack
vires, virium, f. pl.
strength