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180 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
divisus, -a, -um
divided
incolo, incolere, incolui
to dwell, inhabit
Belgae, -arum, m. pl.
the Belgae
Aquitani, -orum, m. pl.
the Aquitani
isporum lingua
in their own language
Celtae, -arum, m. pl.
the Celts
Galli, -orum, m. pl.
the Gauls
institutum, -i, n.
institution; custom
lex, legis, f.
law
Garumna, -ae, f.
the Garonne
Matrona, -ae, f.
the Marne
Sequana, -ae, f.
the Seine
absum, abesse, afui, afuturus, irreg.
to be away
ad, prep. + acc.
to, toward; at
animus, -i, m.
mind; spirit, courage
atque, conj.
and
aut . . . aut, conj.
either . . . or
bellum, -i, n.
war
causa, -ae, f.
cause, reason
cum, prep. + abl.
with
cum, conj.
when; since
de, prep. + abl.
down from; about, concerning
fere, adv.
nearly, almost
fortis, -is, -e
strong; brave
Germani, -orum, m. pl.
the Germans
gero, -ere, gessi, gestus
to carry; to conduct; to wage
in, prep. +abl.
in, on
is, ea, id
he, she, it; this, that
longe, adv.
far
mercator, mercatoris, m.
merchant, trader
minime, adv.
very little,the least
-que, conj.
and
qui, quae, quod, interrog. adj.
what, which
quod, conj.
because
quoque, adv.
also, too
reliquus, -a, -um
remaining, the rest of
saepe, adv.
often
suus, -a, -um
his, her, its, their (own)
trans, prep. + acc.
across
Arar, Araris, acc., Ararim, m.
the Saone
Aedui, -orum, m. pl.
the Aedui
Sequani, -orum, m. pl.
the Sequani
Rhodanus, -i, m.
the Rhone
influo, influere, influxi, influxurus
to flow in, flow
lenitas, lenitatis, f.
gentleness; of water, sluggishness, slowness
uter, utra, utrum
which (of two)
fluo, fluere, fluxi, fluxurus
to flow
iudico, -are, -avi, -atus
to judge, decide, determine
ratis, ratis, ratium, f.
raft
linter, lintris, f.
canoe
explorator, exploratoris, m.
scout; pl., scouting party, patrol
Caesar certior factus est
Caesar was made more cerain (that) = Caesar was informed (that)
tres . . . partes
three quarters
copiae, -arum, f. pl.
troops
quartam vero partem
in fact the fourth part
citra, prep. + acc.
on this side of, on the near side of
de: in temporal phrases
at the start of; just after
vigilia, -ae, f.
watch
castra, -orum, n. pl.
camp
impeditus, -a, -um
hindered, hampered; encumbered with supplies
inopinans, inopinantis
unaware, caught off guard
aggredior, aggredi, aggressus sum
to approach; to go against, attack
concido, concidere, concidi, concisus
to cut up; to kill
sese
themselves
mando, -are, -avi, -atus
to hand over
sese fugae mandarunt
they handed themselves over to flight = they fled
abdo, abdere, abdidi, abditus
to put away, conceal;
+ se, to hide onself
ac, conj.
and
Caesar, Caesaris, m.
Caesar
certus, -a, -um
certain
e or ex, prep. + abl.
from, out of
facio, -ere, feci, factus
to make; to do
fuga, -ae, f.
flight
iam, adv.
now, already
incredibilis, -is, -e
incredible, remarkable
ita, adv.
thus; so, in such a way
iungo, -ere, iunxi, iunctus
to join, fasten together
legio, legionis, f.
legion
magnus, -a, -um
big, large, great
non, adv.
not
nondum, adv.
not yet
oculus, -i, m.
eye
per, prep. + acc.
through
pervenio, -ire, perveni, perventurus + ad +acc.
to arrive at, reach
possum, posse, potui, irreg.
to be able, can
proficiscor, proficisci, profectus sum
to set out
quartus, -a, -um
fourth
silva, -ae, f.
woods, forest
traduco, -ere, traduxi, traductus
to lead across, bring across
transeo, transire, transivi or transii, transitus, irreg.
to go across, cross
ubi, conj. and adv.
where; when
ut, conj. + subjunctive
so that, in order that, that, to
vero, adv.
truly; even; in fact
propterea quod, idiom
because, literally because of the fact that
cultus, -us, m.
cultivation, standard of living; civilization
humanitas, humanitatis, f.
humane character, moral refinement
provincia, -ae, f.
province
commeo, -are, -avi, aturus
to go back and forth;
+ ad + acc., to reach
effemino, -are, -avi, -atus
to remove one's manliness; to weaken
ad effeminandos animos
to dull the fighting spirit
pertineo, -ere, -ui
to extend; to tend
importo, -are, -avi, -atus
to bring in; to introduce (for sale)
proximus, -a, -um + dat.
nearest (to), closest (to)
Rhenus, -i, m.
the Rhine
continenter, adv.
continually
Qua de causa
for this reason; literaly concerning which reason
Helvetius, -a, -um
of the Helvetii, Helvetian; m. pl. the Helvetii
virtus, virtutis, f.
courage, bravery
praecedo, praecedere, praecessi, praecessurus
to go before; to surpass
cotidianus, -a, -um
daily
proelium, -i, n.
battle, skirmish
contendo, contendere, contendi, contentus
to struggle, fight, clash
finis, finis, finium, m.
end; boundary; pl. borders, territory
prohibeo, -ere, -ui, -itus
to prevent; to keep X (acc.) away from Y (abl.)
a or ab, prep. + abl.
from, by
alius, alia, aliud
other, another
apello, -are, -avi, -atus
to name, call
differo, differe, distuli, dilatus, irreg.
to differ, vary
divido, -ere, divisi, divisus
to divide, separate
et, conj.
and
flumen, fluminis, n.
river
Gallia, -ae, f.
Gaul
hic, haec, hoc
this
in, prep. + acc.
into
inter, prep. + acc.
between, among
ipse, ipsa, ipsum
himself, herself, itself, themselves
lingua, -ae, f.
tongue; language
noster, nostra, nostrum
our
omnis, -is, -e
all; the entire; each
pars, partis, f.
part
qui, quae, quod
who, which, that
se
himself, herself, itself, themselves
sum, esse, fui, futurus, irreg.
to be
tertius, -a, -um
third
tres, tres, tria, trium
three
unus, -a, -um
one
pagus, -i, m.
community, district; clan
Tigurinus, -a, -um
Tigurinus
civitas, civitatis, f.
state, nation
cum domo exisset
when it had left its home
memoria
within the memory (of) . . .,
in the lifetime (of)
L. Cassius, -i, m.
Lucius Cassius
interficio, interficere, interfeci, interfectus
to kill
exercitus, -us, m.
army
iugum, -i, n.
yoke
sub iugum
to go under the yoke
sive . . . sive, conj.
whether . . . or
casu, adv.
by chance, accidentally
quae pars civitatis Helvetiae
the part of the Helvetian state that . . .
insignis, -is, -e
clear, distinctive, significant, historic
calamitas, calamitatis, f.
injury, harm; disaster, defeat
infero, inferre, intuli, illatus, irreg.
to bring in; to inflict X (acc.) on Y (dat.)
princeps, principis
earliest, first
persolvo, persolvere, persolvi, persolutus
to pay off
with poenas, to pay the penalty, receive punishment, suffer the consequences
Qua in re
in this matter, in this way
non solum . . . sed etiam, conj.
not only . . . but also
iniuria, -ae, f.
wrongdoing, harm, injury
ulciscor, ulcisci, ultus sum
to avenge
socer, soceri, m.
father-in-law
L. Piso, L. Pisonis, m.
Lucius Calpurnius Piso
avus, -i, m.
grandfather
eodem proelio quo
in the same battle (as that) in which
consilium, -i, n.
plan, purpose
consul, consulis, m.
consul
deus, -i, m.
god
domus, -us, abl. domo, f.
home
exeo, exire, exivi, or exii, exitus, irreg.
to go out, leave
idem, eadem, idem
the same
immortalis, -is, -e
immortal
legatus, -i, m.
envoy; legate, lieutenant
memoria, -ae, f.
memory
mitto, -ere, misi, missus
to send
nam, conj.
for, because
pater, patris, m.
father
poena, poenae, f.
penalty, punishment
populus, -i, m.
people, nation
publicus, -a, -um
public
res, rei, f.
thing; matter; situation
Romanus, -a, -um
Roman, m. pl. the Romans
sub, prep. + abl. or acc.
under, beneath