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32 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Polygamous Family
one individual with multiple spouses and all of their children
Neolocal Residence
a pattern in which a married couple may establish their household in a location apart from either the husband’s or the wife’s relatives
Ambilocal Residence
a pattern in which a married couple may choose either matrilocal or patrilocal residence
Fraternal Polyandry
marriage of one woman to men who are brothers
Matrilocal Residence
a residence pattern in which a married couple lives in the locality associated with the wife’s relatives
Sororal Polygyny
marriage of one man to women who are sisters
Kinship
a network of relatives within which individuals possess certain mutual rights and obilgations
Unilineal Descent
descent that establishes group membership exclusively through either the male or female line
Double Descent
a system tracing descent matrilineally for some purposes and patrilineally for others
Totemism
the belief that people are related to particular animals, plants, or natural objects by virtue of descent from common ancestral spirits
Kindred
an individual’s close relatives on the maternal and paternal sides of his or her family
Iroquois
kinship terminology wherein a father and father’s brother are referred to by a single term, as are a mother and mother’s sister, but a father’s sister and mother’s brother are given separate terms. Parallel cousins are classified with brothers and sisters, while cross cousins are classified separately, but (unlike crow kinship) not equated with relatives of some other generation
Endogamy
marriage within a particular group or category of individuals
Serial Monogamy
a marriage form in which a man or a woman marries a series of partners in succession
Polygamy
being married to multiple wives/husbands
Sororate
a marriage custom according to which a widower marries his dead wife’s sister (a woman marries her deceased sister’s husband)
Matrilateral cross-cousin marriage
marriage of a woman to her father’s sister’s son, or a man to his mother’s brother’s daughter (her cross cousin on the paternal side, his cross cousin on the maternal side)
Dowry
payment of a woman’s inheritance at the time of her marriage, either to her or to her husband
Family of orientation
the family into which one is born or adopted and raised
Conjugal family
a family formed on the basis of martial ties
Nuclear Family
a group consisting of one or more parents and dependent offspring. May include a stepparent, stepsiblings, and adopted children
Polygynous Family
a type of polygamous family involving a man with multiple wives and their children
Patrilocal Residence
a residence pattern in which a married couple lives in the locality associated with the husband’s father’s relatives
Avunculocal Residence
residence of a married couple with the husband’s mother’s brother
Neolocal Residence
a pattern in which a married couple may establish their household in a location apart from either the husband’s or the wife’s relatives
Ambilocal Residence
a pattern in which a married couple may choose either matrilocal or patrilocal residence
Fraternal Polyandry
marriage of one woman to men who are brothers
Descent Group
any publicly recognized social entity requiring lineal descent from a particular real or mythical ancestor for membership
Matrilineal Descent
descent traced exclusively through the female line to establish group membership
Ambilineal Descent
descent in which the individual may affiliate with either the mother’s or the father’s descent group
Phratry
a unilineal descent group composed of two or more clans that assume they share a common ancestry but do not know the precise genealogical links of that ancestry. If only two such groups exist, each is a moiety
Eskimo System
system of kinship terminology, also called lineal system, which emphasizes the nuclear family by specifically identifying the mother, father, brother, and sister, while lumping together all other relatives into broad categories such as uncle, aunt, and cousin