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21 Cards in this Set

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An autonomous political unit made up of a city & its surrounding lands.
What is a City-State?
Ex. Greece had city-states of Athens, Sparta, et. al.
A government in which citizens elect representatives to rule in their behalf.
What is a Republic?
p. 290
Ex. The U.S.A. political system is a democratic republic.
A series of wars launched by European Christians in A.D.1096 to capture the Holy Land (Palestine) from Muslims. ( A Holy War)
What are the Crusades?
p. 291
The first Crusade won Jerusalem back from the Muslim Empire, many others followed but none delivered Jersusalem back to Crusaders.
A time of renewed interest in learning and the arts (14th through 16th C.); began in city-states and spread to all of Europe.
What was the Renaissance?
p. 291
Means "Rebirth", Started with Italy's thriving cities, ports & trade, & wealthy merchant classes (Medici's -bankers who patronized artists)
A structure that carries water over a long distance.
What is an Aqueduct? p.292
Romans built them to provide continuous water for spas and baths
The economic union of Belgium, The Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
What is the Benelux?
p. 296
The independent cultures of Belgium, Netherlands, & Luxembourg w/ influences of France & Germany
A movement in western Europe beginning in 1517, when many Christians broke away from the Catholic Church and started Protestant Churches; this led to mutual hostility & religious wars that tore apart Europe.
What is the Reformation?
p. 297
Sparked in 1517, when Martin Luther published the 95 statements that criticized Catholic Church practices he believed were wrong.
A political system prevailing in Europe from 9th to 15th Centuries in which a King allowed Nobles to use his land in exchange for their military service and protection of lands.
What is Feudalism?
p. 297.
Imposed a Caste system on society: Kings - Lords - Nobles - Vassals - Peasants - Serfs.
The belief that people should be loyal to their nation, the people with whom they share the land, culture, & history.
What is Nationalism?
Contributes to rise of modern nation-states. Ex. Eastern European nations after dissolution of Soviet Union.
The Nazi program of mass murder of European Jews during W.W. II
What is the Holocaust?
p. 298.
Genocide of millions of European Jews, gypsys, and non-arian races in WWII
A wall erected by East Germany in 1945 to prevent free western Europeans from entering East Berlin occupied by Soviet Union.
What is the Berlin Wall?
p. 299.
A dividing wall betw. West & East Berlin in Germany. Torn down in 1989 during a wave of anti-communist reforms.
Countries of Northern Europe including Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, & Sweden.
What are the Nordic Countries? p. 302
Home to the early Vikings/Norsemen, Celts, and French Normans who conquered much of Europe.
A representative, law-making body whose members are elected or appointed and in which legislative & executive functions are combined
What is Parliament?
p. 303
England and Canada have law-making bodies called ________
similar to our Congress.
The section of Scotland between Glasgow & Edinburgh named for its high concentration of high-tech companies.Makes 32%of Europe's PCs & 51% of ntbk. computers.
What is Silicon Glen? p. 305
Scottish cities whose economy is based on making silicon chips for computers.
A common currency proposed by the European Union for its members.
What is the Euro? p.305
The European Union uses this form of universal currency. Some countries have rejected using it like Denmark & Norway due to their unique economies.
A place where various cultures cross paths.
What is a Cultural Crossroads? p. 310
Ex. Cities on the Silk Road in ancient trade times.
Eastern Europe is an area traveled through by traders, nomads, migrants and armies throughout history.
The process of breaking up a region into small mutually hostile units.
What is Balkanization?
p. 311
Ex. in 1912 Balkan nations of Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, Romania, and Serbia broke free of the Ottoman Empire. Later in 1912 Greece, Bulgaria, and Serbia broke away.
A nation dominated by another country.
What is a Satellite Nation?
p. 312.
An economic system in which production of goods and services is determined by the demand from consumers.
What is a Market Economy?
Handmade items such as pottery, wood carving and traditional costumes produced by rural people w/ traditional lifestyles.
What is Folkart?
p. 315
Discrimination against Jewish peoples
What is Anti-Semitism?
Ex. Nazi Party in WWII under Adolf Hitler were _________ in the genocide of the non-arian Jewish population