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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What was Constantinople?
The Byzantine capital.
Who was Constantine?
He built Constantinople at a strategic place where Europe and Asia meet.
What were the two straits located on the peninsula?
Bosporus and Dardanelles
Why was Constantinople considered the New Rome?
Because its emperors were Roman who spoke Latin and many of its wealthy families came from Rome.
When did Justinian rule?
At the height of the Byzantine Empire?
Who was Theodora and what did she do?
She was Justinian's wife who improved the social standing of women and persuaded Justinian to stay in control.
What did Justinian do in 533?
He began the reconquest of Italy, North Africa, and Spain.
How were Byzantine emperors linked to the Church?
They appointed church officials, defined the style of worship, and used the wealth of the Church for government purposes.
What are clergy?
Church officials such as priests and bishops.
What were laity?
Church officials who were not clergy.
What are icons?
Religious images used for worship.
Who banned all icons from the church and why?
Emperor Leo III because he thought it was worshiping false gods.
What were iconoclasts?
People who objected to the use of icons and believed it was an act of false worship.
Who was the Empress Irene?
She allowed the use of icons in the church.
What was the schism?
The split between the west and the east into the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodoxy Church.
What is theology?
The study of religious teachings.
What is a regent?
A person who acts as a temporary ruler.
How did most Byzantines make a living?
By farming, herding, or working as laborers.
What is a mosaic?
A picture made of many tiny pieces of colored glass or flat stone set in plaster.
What were illuminated manuscripts?
Books decorated with elaborate designs.
What were monasteries?
Communities of men who have taken religious vows.
What were missionaries?
People who carried religious messages.
Who were the two most successful missionaries?
Cyril and Methodius
What was Venice?
An Italian trading city on the Adriatic Sea.
Who were the Seljuk Turks?
A group from central Asia that defeated the Byzantines.
Who were the Ottoman Turks?
They attacked the eastern provinces of Constantinople.
What were the Slavs among?
The largest groups living in eastern Europe.
What is steppe?
Wide, grassy, semiarid plains of Eurasia.
Who was the Viking leader and what did he do?
Rurik; he accepted the invitation to help protect the Slavs.
What were principalities?
Territories ruled by princes.
What were boyars?
Landowning nobles of Russia.
Who was Olga?
A princess of Kiev.
What were the 3 major rivers?
Dnieper, Dneister, and Volga.
What did Yaroslav do?
He brought Kiev to its greatest heights.
What did Ivan III do?
He ended the Mongol rule.