Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/90

Click to flip

90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
becomes constantinople
byzantine
constantinople is located on what body of water
bosporus
the city
consantinople
constantinoples port
golden horn
main street
mese/ middle way
1st building with dome on top of rectangle
hagia sophia
chariot races are held
hippodrome
1st goal of justinian
reconquer roman lands
2nd goal of justinian
simplify/organize law
3rd goal of justinian
launch a building program
4 parts of code of justinian
code, digest, institutes and novella
sends missionaries to china who steal silkworm and mulberry tree seeds
justinian
do not want icons
iconoclasts
excommunicated eachother
leo the 3rd and gregory the 2nd
ignites on fire no matter what
greek fire
wandering nomads
bedouins
spirits that were worshipped before muhammad
jinns
where muhammad was born
mecca
shrine with 1360 different religious objects
kaaba
allahs shrine
black stone of mecca
muhammads wife is
khadija
believe in one god
haniff
means surrendering to god
islam
name of trip to medina
hegira flight
means surrendering ones
muslims
holy book
koran
chapters of koran
suras
sucessor to prophet
caliphs
caliphates
dynasty
1sr caliph
abu-bakr-korah
islam's conquerer
omar
accused of nepotuism (favortism)
uthman
had a civil war
ali
capitol city of the orthodox caliphate
medina
capitol of umayyad dynasty
damascus
become muslims
berbers
spanish muslims
moors
abbasid dynasty capitol
baghdad
the round city
baghdad
believe that the religious leader must be a descendant of muhammad
shiites
believe that anyone can be a religious leader if they are orthodox/ muslim
sunnis
guidelines for correct living
five pillars of islam
declare that there is no god but allah and muhammad is a prophet
faith
pray 5x daily, face mecca, purify hands and feet
prayer
call people to prayer
muezzins
give part of money to poor
alms
fast during the holy month of ramadan
fasting
go to mecca to see black stone
pilgrimage
white garment worn during pilgrimage
ihram
holy war
jihad
place of worship
mosque
islamic scholars
mullahs
hell for nonbelievers
jahimen
monotheistic people
people of the book
reasons for conquest
jihad and need for fertile land
battle that stopped european conquest
battle of tours
art has no
people or animals
metal to gold
alchemy
studies smallpox and measles
rhazees
5 volume encyclopedia of all the medical knowledge
avicenna
height of stars and latitude
astrolabe
developed algebra
al-khwarizm
wrote love poems
rubaiyat
legends and folk tales
arabian nights
rock where muhammad went to heaven
dome of the rock
wailing wall
jews
golgotha/jesus's tomb
christians
plains
steppes
separate europe and asia
ural mtns
1st history of russians
primary chronicles
1st russian prince
rurik
capitol of russia
kiev
region with short growing season
taiga
nobles
boyars
1st christian ruler in russia
olga
made christianity the official religion
vladimir
alphabet for slavic language
cyril
council of nobles
duma
town meeting
veche
new kind of ruler
sultan
seljuk turks take asia minor
battle of manzikert
army of captured christians
janissaries
last byzantine emperor
constantine the eleventh
christian's fight for the holy land
crusades
religion make
money
5000 laws in effect
code
main legal opinions of judges
digest
how to use the code, like an index
institutes
the laws added after the code
novella
built city-walls/hagia sophia
justinian