Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

277 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
actinic keratosis
often precedes squamous cell carcinoma
Addison's disease
Primary adrenalcortex insufficiency
Albright's syndrome
polyostotic fibrous dysplasia,precocious puberty, cafe-au-lait spots, short stature, young girls
albuminocytologic dissociation ( is the increase in CSF protein without a matching increase in cell count)
Guillain-Barre Syndrome
Alport's syndrome
hereditary nephritis _nerve deafness
anti-basement membrane
Goodpasture's syndrome
anti-centromere Ab
CREST (Scleroderma subtype)
Calcinosis - raynaud's - esophagial dysmotility - sclerodactyly - telangiectasia
SLE (type 3 hypersensitivity)
anti-epithelial cells
Pemphigus vulgaris
antigliadin antibodies
Celiac disease
drug-induced SLE
Rheumatoid Arthritis
antimitochondrial antibodies
primary biliary cirrhosis
antineutrophils antibody
ITP idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
Marfan's syndrome
Argyll Robertson pupils
tertiary neurosyphilis
cerebellar tonsilar herniation
Arnold-Chiari malformation
Aschoff bodies
Rheumatic Fever
Atrophy of mammillary bodies
Wernicke's encephalopathy
Auer rods
AML acute myelogenous leukemia,especially promyelocytic type
sickle cell anemia
Babinski's sign
UMN lesion
Baker's cyst in popliteal fossa
Rheumatoid arthritis
bamboo spine
ankylosing spondylitis
Bartter's syndrome
basophilic stippling of RBC
lead poisoning
defective dystrophin
Becker's dystrophy (not Duchenne's which is deletion of dystrophin)
Bell's palsy
LMN CN VII palsy
Bence Jones proteina
Multiple myeloma (lappa or lambda Ig light chains in urine, Waldestrom's macroglobulinemia (IgM)
IgA nephropathy
Berger's disease
defective platelet adhesion
Bernard Soulier disease
bilateral hilar adenopathy + uveitis
Birbeck granules
histiocytosis X (eosinophilic granuloma)
bloody tap on lumbar puncture
subarachnoid hemorrhage
blue bloater
chronic bronchitis
pink puffer
blue-domed cyst
fibrocystic change of the breast
blue sclera
osteogenesis imperfecta
boot shaped heart on Xray
tetralogy of Fallot
bouchard's node
PIP swelling = osteoarthritis
boutonniere deformity
rheumatoid arthritis
branching rods in oralinfection
actinomyces israelii
brown tumor of bone
hemorrhage cause bron color of osteolytic cysts: 1/hyperparathyroidism, 2/osteitis fibrosa cystica
Brushfield's spots
Down syndrome
Bruton's disease
X-linked agammaglobulinemia
Budd-Chiari syndrome
posthepati venous thrombosis
Buerger's disease
small and medium artery vasculitis
Burton's lines
lead poisoning
Burkitt's lymphoma
EBV infection csausing t8:14 translocation
Wegener's granulmatosis
Polyarteritis nodosa
Cafe-au-lait spots on skin
Caisson disease
Gas emboli
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Duchenne or Becker
Call-Exner bodies
granulosa-theca cell tumor of ovary
cardiomegaly with apical atrophy
Chagas disease
cerebriform nuclei
mycosis fungoides (cutaneous T cell lymphoma)
Chagas disease
trypanosome infection
primary syphilis
haemophilus ducreyi (painful)
Charcot's triad
multiple sclerosis (nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech)
cholangitis (jaudice, TUQ pain, fever)
Charcot-Leyden crystal
bronchial asthma
Phagocyte deficiency
cherry red spot on macula
Tay-Sachs, Niemann-Pick, central retinal artery occlusion
Cheyne-Stokes respirations
central apnea in CHF and increase intracranial pressure
chocolate cysts
endometriosis (frequently involve both ovaries)
Chvostek's sign (facial muscle spasm upon tapping)
chronic atrophic gastritis
predisposition to gastric carcinoma
clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina
DES exposure in utero
clue cells
gardnerella vaginitis
Codman's triangle on X ray
Cold agglutinins
Mycoplasma pneumoniae, infectious mononucleosis
cold intolerance
cold intolerance
condyloma lata
secondary syphilis
continuous machine murmure
patent ductus arteriosus
Cori's disease
debranching enzyme deficiency
cotton-wool spots
chronic hypertension
Councilman bodies
toxic or viral hepatitis
Cowdry type A bodies
crescents in Bowman's capsule
rapidly progressive crescentic glomerulpnephritis
Crigler-Najjar syndrome
Congenital Unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Curling's ulcer
acute gastric ulcer associated with severe burns
currant-jelly sputum
Curshmann's spirals
bronchial asthma
Cushing's ulcer
acute gastric ulcer associated with CNS injury
D dimers
depigmentation of neurons in substantia nigra
Parkinson's disease rgidity-resting tremor-bradykinesia
dermatitis,dementia, diarrhea
pellagra,niacin def (vit B3)
diabetes insipidus, exophthalmos+lesion of skull
Hand-Schuller-Christian disease
dog or cat bite
pasteurella multocida
donovan bodies
granuloma inguinale
dressler's syndrome
post-MI fibrinous pericarditis
dubin-johnson syndrome
congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia (black liver)
deleted dystrophin gene
duchenne's muscular dystrophy
X-linked recessive
eburnation = polished bone
Edward's syndrome
trisomy 18
rocker bottom feet
low-set ears
heart disease
eisenmenger's syndrome
lte cyanosis shunt (uncorrected L to R shunt becomes R to L
elastic skin
Ehler's Danlos
Erb-Duchenne palsy
waiter's tip = upper trunk injury
erythema migrans
lyme disease
Fanconi's syndrome
proximal tubular reasorption defect
fat female forty and fertile
acute cholecystitis
fatty liver
ferruginous bodies
Gardner's syndrome
colon polyps with osteomas and soft tissue tumors
Gaucher's disease
glucocerebrosidase deficiency
Ghon focus
primary TB
Gilbert's syndrome
bening congenital unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Glanzmann's thrombasthenia
defect in platelet aggregation
Goodpasture's syndrome
autoantibody against alveolar and glomerular basement protein
Gower's maneuver
Duchenne = use of hand and arms to help legs pick self off the floor
Guillain Barre syndrome
idiopathic polyneuritis
hair-on-end appearance on Xray
beta-thalassemia, sickle cell anemia, extramedullary hematopoiesis
Hand-Schuller-Christian disease
chronic progressive histiocytosis
sickle cell anemia
hCG elevated
choriocarcinoma, hydatidiform mole (with and without embryo)
Heberden nodes
DIP swelling in osteoarthritis
heinz bodies
G6PD deficiency
Heinloch-Scholein purpura
hypersensitivity vasculitis associated with hemorrhagic urticaria and URIs
heterophil antibodies
infectious mononucleosis EBV
thalassemia major
high output cardiac failure = dilated cardiomyopathy
Wet beriberi (thiamine and vit B1 def)
Reiter's syndrome, or ankylosing spondylitis
HLA-DR3 or -DR4
diabetes mellitus type 1 (autoimmune destruction of beta pancreatic cells)
Homer Wright rosettes
honeycomb lung on X ray
interstitial fibrosis
Horner's syndrome
ptosis, miosis, anhydrosis
Howell-Jolly bodies
splenectomy or non functional spleen
Huntington's disease
autosomal dominant, caudate degeneration
hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Kluver-Bucy syndrome (amygdala degeneration
hyperpigmentation of skin
primary adrenal cortex insufficiency (Addison's) or secondary Cushing's disease
hypersegmented neutrophils
macrocytic anemia
hypertension + hypokalemia
Conn's syndrome = hyperaldosteronism
hypochromic microcytosis
iron deficiency anemia, lead poisoning
increased alfa-feto protein in amniotic fluid or maternal serum
anencephaly, spina bifida
increased uric acid in serum
gout, Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, myeloproliferative disorders, loop and thiazide diuretics
adenovirus causing hperplasia of Peyer's patch
Janeway's lesion
Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction
syphilis-overaggressive treatment of an asymptomatic patient that causes symptoms due to rapid lysis
Job's syndrome
neutrophils chemotaxis abnormality
Kaposi's sarcoma
Kartagener's syndrome
dyneine arm defect
keratin pearls
squamous cell carcinoma
Kimmelstiel-Wilson nodules
diabetic nephropathy
Kluver-Bucy syndrome
bilateral amygdala lesion
Kussmaul breathing
diabetic ketoacidosis
Koplik spots
Krukenberg tumor
gastric adenocarcinoma with ovarian metastases
lens dislocation, aortic dissection, joint hyperflexibility
Marfan's syndrome (fibrillin defect)
HGPRT deficiency
Lewy bodies
Parkinson's disease
Libman-Sachs disease
SLE endocarditis
Lines of Zahn
arterial thrombus
Lisch nodules
neurofibromatosis (Von Recklinghausen's disease)
low serum ceruloplasmin
Wilson's disease
lucid interval
epidural hematoma
lumpy bumpy appearance of glomeruli on Xray
multiple myeloma
lytic bone lesion on xray
multiple myeloma
Mallory bodies
alcoholic liver disease
Mallory-Weiss syndrome
esophagogastric lacerations
McArdle's disease
muscle phosphorylase deficiency
McBurney's sign
MLF syndrome
multiple sclerosis
monoclonal Ab spike
pultiple myeloma (called the M protein: usually IgG or IgA)
MGUS (monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance
Waldenstrom's (Mprotein is IgM)
necrotizing vasculitis in lungs and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Wegener's and Goodpasture's (hemoptysis and glomerular disease)
needle shaped, negatively birefringent crystals
Negri bodies
nephritis, cataract, hearing loss
Alport's syndrome
neurofibrillary tangles (and senile plaques)
sphingomyelinase deficiency
no lactation postpartum, pituitary infarction
Sheehan's syndrome
nutmeg liver
malignant mesothelioma
Orphan Annie nuclei
papillary carcinoma of the thyroid
osler's nodes
owl's eye cells
painless jaundice
pancreatic head cancer
palpable purpura on legs and buttocks
Henoch-Schonlein purpura
Pancoast's tumor
bronchogenic apical tumor associate with Horner's syndrome
rheumatoid arthritis
Parkinson's disease
death of dopamine cells in substantia nigra and depletion of nigrostriatal tract
periosteal elevation on xray
pyogenic osteomyelitis
Peut-Jeghers syndrome
benign polyposis
Peyronie's disease
penile fibrosis
Philadelphia chromosome bcr-abl
CML (sometimes AML)
Pick bodies
Pick's disease
Pink puffer
emphysema (centroacinar = smoking, panacinar =alpha1 antitrypsin deficiency)
Plummer-Vinson syndrome
esophageal webs with iron deficiency anemia
gout MP joint of hallux
podocyte fusion
minimal change disease
polyneuropathy, cardiac pathology, and edema
dry beriberi (thiamine and vit B1 deficiency)
polyneuropathy preceded by GI or respiratory infection
Guillain Barre
Pompe's disease
lysosomal glucosidase deficiency associated with cardiomegaly
Port-wince stain
Positive anterior drawer sign
ACL injury
Pott's disease
vertebral tuberculosis
pseudopalisade tumor cell arrangement
glioblastoma multiforme
Ewing's sarcoma
ptosis, miosis, anhydrosis
Horner's syndrome
rash on palms and sole
Rocky mountain spotted fever, or secondary syphilis
Raynaud's syndrome
recurrent vasospasm in extremities
RBC casts i urine
recurrent pulmonary Psudomonas and S.aureus infections
cystic fibrosis
red urine in the morning
paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
Reed-Sternberg cells
Hodgkin's lymphoma
Reid index (increased)
chronic bronchitis
Reike crystals
Leydig cell tumor
Reiter's syndrome
urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis
renal cell carcinoma+cavernous hemangiomas+adenomas
von Hippel-Lindau
renal epithelial casts in urine
acute toxic/viral nephrosis
rhomboid crystals, positively birefringent
rib notching
coarctation of aorta
Roth's spots i retina
Rotor's syndrome
congenital conjugated hyperbilirubinemia
Rouleaux formation (RBC)
multiple myeloma
Russell's bodies
multiple myeloma
S3 heart sound
left to right shunt (VSD, PDA, ASD), mitral regurgitation, LV failure in CHF
S4 heart sound
aortic stenosis, hypertrophic subaortic stenosis
Schiller Duval
yolk sac tumor
senile plaques
Alzeihmer's disease
Sezary syndrome
cutaneous T cell lymphoma
Sheehan's syndrome
postpartum pituitary necrosis
Schwatzman reaction
Neisseria meningitidis
Signet-ring cells
gastric carcinoma
Simian crease
Down's syndrome
Sipple's syndrome
MEN type 2a
Sjogren's syndrome
dry mouth, dry eyes, arthritis
skip lesions
Chron's disease
Slapped cheeks
erythema infectiosum (fifth disease)
Smith antigen
"smudge cell"
soap bubble on xray
giant cell tumor of bones
spike and dome on EM
membranous glomerulonephritis
Spitz nevus
benign juvenile melanoma
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
starry-sky pattern
Burkitt's lymphoma
"Strawberry tongue"
scarlet fever
streaky ovaries
Turner's syndrome
string sign on xray
Crohn's disease
subepithelial humps on EIM
poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis
suboccipital lymphadenopathy
sulfur granules
Actinomyces israelii
swollen gums, bruising, poor wound healing, anemia
scurvy (vit C def, def in hydroxylation of proline and lysine in collagen synthesis)
systolic ejection murmur
aortic valve stenosis
Burkitt's lymphoma
Philadelphia chromosome bcr-abl
follicular lymphomas (bcl-2 activation)
tabes dorsalis
tertiary syphilis
tendon xanthomas (classically Achilles)
familial hypercholesterolemia
thumb sign on lateral x ray
epiglottitis (Haemophilis influenzae)
thyroidization of kidney
chronic bacterial pyelonephritis
tram-track on LM
MPGN membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
Trousseau 's sign
visceral cancer, pancreatic adenocarcinoma (migratory thrombophlebitis), hypocalcemia (carpal spasm)
Virchow's node
left supraclavicular enlargement from metastatic carcinoma of the stomach
Virchow's triad
hpercoagulability, stasis, endothelial damage = pulmonary embolism
von Recklinghausen's disease
neurofibromatosis with cafe au lait spots
von Recklinghausen's disease of bone
osteitis fibrosa cystica (brown tumor of bone)
Wallenberg's syndrome
PICA thrombosis
Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome
adrenal hemorrhae assocuated with menongococcemia
WBC casts in urine
acute pyelonephritis
WBC in urine
acute cystitis
Werner's syndrome
MEN type 1
Whipple's disease
malabsorption syndrome cause by Tropheryma whippelii
Wilson's disease
hepatolenticular degeneration
wire loops appearance on LM
lupus nephropathy
worst headache of my life
berry aneurysm,associated with adult polycystic kidney disease
xanthochromia CSF
subarachnoid hemorrhage
xerostomia, arthritis, keratoconjunctivitis sicca
Sjogren's syndrome
upper GI diverticulum
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
gastrin secreting tumor,associated with ulcers