Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/34

Click to flip

34 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Crime
An act against public good
Plaintiff
The party that accuses the person of a crime
Prosecuter
Attorney who presents the case in court against the person accused of the crime
Felony
major crime punished by imprisonment or death
Misdemeanor
Less serious crime; punished by crime or brief imprisonment
What are the Elements of a crime?
Criminal act, Required state of mind, and Motive
Most common defences of crime include:
insanity, entrapment, self-defense, and defense of family members.
Murder
An unlawful killing of a human being
Involuntary Manslaughter
when a person kills another with absolute no pre-meditation

ex. drag racing crash with no intention to kill side watchers
Voluntary Manslaughter
when a person kills another without pre-meditiation, but with sudden personal distress

ex. kidnapp and murder of ones son: father seeing criminal and suddenly shoots him out of rage.
Battery
Anlawful touching of another person. Usually includes weapons
Assault
An attempt to commit a Battery. Only threating with weapon
Kidnapping
Unlawful removal or restraint of a person against his or her will
Burglary
The breaking and entering of a house at night with intent to kill a felony
Larceny
The unlawful taking and carying away of the personal property of another; stealing
Embezzlement
a wrongful taking of a property while by a person who has been entrusted with that property.

Ex. occupational stealing
Robbery
Stealing of a personal property through violence and threat of crime.
Arson
The intention of burning a public or private property
Vandalism
Damage to property

Ex. grafitti
Shoplifting
Stealing goods from a store
Tort
A private wrong commited by one person to another

Ex. physical violence to friends or family
Tortfeasor
The person who commited the Tort
Trespass
Interference with the property of another
Nuisance
Anything that interferes with the enjoyment of life or property

Ex. Loud noises from people next door
Defamation
Wrongful act of another's reputation by making false statements
Libel Defamation
Public false statements that damage ones reputation

Ex. Celebrities
Slander Defamation
Personal life damage repuation of another

Ex. residential;citizen
Invasion of Privacy
Interfering with the persons right to be alone

Ex. Illegal hidden cameras
Negligence
Injury that is causes by a person's carelessness

Ex. fatal automobile accident
Breach of Duty
The faliure to use the degree of care that would have been used by a reasonable person
Proximate Cause
legal connection between unreasonale conduct the resulting harm.
Contributory Negligence
Behavior by the plaintiff that helps cause his or her injuries
Comparative Negligence
Amout of the plaintiff's recovery is reduced by the percent of his or her negligence
assumption of Risk
Defendant can show the plaintiff knew the risk involved and still took the chance of being injured