Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/779

Click to flip

779 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
[弾劾] 弾劾裁判所(だんがい)
[impeachment] (Japanese) court of impeachment
地方交付税交付金
subsidies and taxes allocated to local governments
条例(じょうれい)
(pub safety, air pollution) regulations/ordinances
直接請求権
the right to make a direct claim to a local gov't
ヨーロッパ共同体
EC (European Community)
国際復興開発銀行(世界銀行)
IBRD (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development)
国際労働機関
ILO (International Labor Organization)
国際通貨基金
IMF (International Monetary Fund)
中距離核戦力
INF (Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces)
国際協力事業団 / ジャイカ
JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency)
北米自由貿易協定 / ナフタ
NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)
北大西洋条約機構 / ナトー
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
非政府組織
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
非政府組織
NGO (Non-Governmental Organization)
新興工業経済地域 / ニーズ
NIES (Newly Industrialized Economies)
非営利組織
NPO (Non-Profit Organizations)
経済協力開発機構
OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development)
石油輸出国機構 / オペック
OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries)
平和維持軍
PKF (Peace Keeping Forces)
平和維持活動
PKO (Peace Keeping Operations)
戦略兵器制限交渉 / サルト
SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks)
戦略兵器削減条約 / スタート
START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty)
国連貿易開発会議 / アンクタッド
UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development)
国連難民高等弁務官事務所
UNHCR (Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees)
世界保健機関
WHO (World Health Organization)
国務長官
Secretary of State
6か国協議
6 party talks
協議する
consult, negotiate (with)
理事会 [委員会]
board of directors, council [committee]
総理大臣
Prime Minister
外務大臣
Minister of Foreign Affairs
廃棄
abandon, discard
臨む
face, deal with
一連
a series/chain of
連携(れんけい)
cooperation
安全保障理事会 / 安障理
The Security Council
常任理事国
Standing Member-Nation of UN Security Council
決議案
resolution(s)
包括
inclusion
包括的
comprehensive, all-inclusive (-na houkoku,
包括的核実験禁止条約
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)
推進
driving force, impulse
推進する
promote, urge on/forward
拒む(こばむ)
reject, decline, refuse
中断された
interrupted, suspended
閣僚級会談 [閣僚]
cabinet level talks [members past and present]
本格的
genuine, in earnest, regular, typical, ーな調査 a full-dress investigation
冒頭
beginning, outset, ー陳述(ちんじゅつ) opening statement
財政経済次官
Vice Minister of Financial and Economic Affairs
下旬 (げじゅん)
last third of the month
呼び掛ける
to voice
建設建材工業次官 ?
Vice Minister of the Construction and Materials Industry
直接言及
direct(ly) mention(ing)
民族経済
national/ethinic economy
連結事業 ?
joining/connecting operations
水産分野
marine sector
合意文
a joint document/statement, (letter of mutual understanding/consensus)
人道支援
humanitarian aid
実質的な
substantial
呼び水
(pump) priming, rousing, stimulation
波紋(はもん)
ripple
稼動率
rate of operation
提携(ていけい)
association, alliance, partnership
一対一
one to one
総合旅行サービス
integrated/general travel service
請求する
ask, demand, claim, charge, petition
品ぞろえ(しなぞろえ)
selection, line, set, all items
反発する
resist, oppose, rebel, react against (emotionally, with body lang.)
儲かる
be profitable, lucrative
為替
money order, exchange
発行
to issue, to publish
一株(ひとかぶ)
one share
株式市場
stock market
株式相場
stock market quotation, stock prices
株式を公開する
go public
株式を上場する
list company stock *
証券会社(しょうけんがいしゃ)
securities/bonds company, brokerage
突拍子もない
astounding, tremendous
中央通信
Central News Agency
米国食品医薬品局
FDA (Food and Drug Administration)
筋肉痛(きんにくつう)
muscle pain, soreness
関税
duty, tarrif
取り引き
business, transactions
発効
come into/take effect, 条約, 法律,法律文書 (legal document)
発効させる
execute
交渉(こうしょう)
negotiations ーする negotiate, bargain
自由貿易協定
FTA (Free Trade Agreement)
為替相場/為替レート
exchange rate
要旨(ようし)
(main) points, substance, gist
悪質なリフォーム
poor quality/cheap reform
漏洩する(ろうえい)
disclosure, leakage, 秘密の、情報がーする
風潮(ふうちょう)
tendency, trend, 世論の風潮 climate of pub. opinion
警視庁
Metropolitan Police Dept., police headquarters
対応する
react to*, correspond to
叱咤する(しった)
scold, chide, lecture
叱咤激励(しったげきれい)
a loud pep talk, strong encouragement
時宜にかなう(じぎ)
in season
票差
margin/difference of votes
白けた(しらけた) [ーさせる]
be unamused, bored, apathetic [spoil the fun, be no fun]
冷めた(さめた)
dead, gone cold, gone
優先的に
first and foremost
郵政民営化
Postal Privatization
民営化
privatization
断固戦う
fight with determination, go the mat against
息巻く
to enrage, infuriate, 息巻いた (be) enraged
厄介なところ(やっかい)
the difficulty, trouble, crux
防備(ぼうび)
defensive measures/preparations, fortification
共感する
empathize/identify with
喝采を送る(かっさい)
to acclaim, cheer. applaud
苛立ち
irritation
弱肉強食(じゃくにくきょうしょく)
survival of the fittest
少数派
minority group/party, 少数党 minority gov't/the minority party
配慮する(はいりょ)
take into consideration
たわ言(たわごと)
nonsense, bullshit, a load of crap
増殖する(ぞうしょく)
propogate, proliferate, breed
思うツボになる
ones wishes, just as expected/wanted,
思うツボにはまる
play into ones hands, play into the hands of
祭る
to enshrine, 祭られている be enshrined, deified
参拝する(さんぱい)
visit a shrine, pay homage at a shrine
安らかな
peaceful, tranquil (death) ーに at/in peace (be, rest)
明治維新(いしん)
Meiji Restoration
官軍
government army
賊軍(ぞくぐん)
rebel army
部隊(ぶたい)
unit, corps, troop
空襲(くうしゅう)
air-raid
戦犯の合祀(せんぱんのごうし)
war criminal's mutual place of enshrinement
極東国際軍事裁判(東京裁判)
Far East Military/Provost Court ?
捕虜
prisoner (of war), captive
逆撫で(さかなで)
rub the wrong way, irritate
徴兵制度(ちょうへい)
draft system, conscription (compulsory enrollment)
美化する
glorify, beautify, glamorize
真珠湾攻撃(しんじゅわん)
The Attack on Pearl Harbor
年輩(ねんぱい)
elderly
飛び抜ける
to be preeminent(superior) or outstanding
共産党
Communist Party
公団
public corporation
割り振り
assignment, alloment, rationing, quota
解明する
resolve (doubt/an issue), solve (a problem)
取り囲む(とりかこむ)
to surround, crowd around, encircle
長官
director, commissioner, secretary
刺刺しい(とげとげしい)
sharp, harsh, stinging
確信
confidence, faith, conviction, ーしている trust, be convinced ーさせる to convince sb
危機管理
Crisis Management
益々(ますます)
特派員
a special correspondent
即位(そくい)
ascent to the throne, coronation, enthronement
観光輸送船(かんこうゆそうせん)
tourist transport ship
名誉職(めいよしょく)
honorary/unpaid position/job
独占禁止法
Antitrust Law
手錠(てじょう)
handcuffs
手抜きをする
cut corners
団塊の世代(だんかいのせだい)
The Baby Boom Generation
大使(たいし)
ambassador
駐米日本大使
the Japanese ambassador to the US
特別委 (とくべつい)
special committee
審議
deliberations
特別委員会
special committee meeting
勉強会
workshop, study group
自民党
Liberal Democratic Party
否決する
rejected, voted down
執行部 (しっこうぶ)
executives, caucus (organization/association/gov't party/union)
神経を尖らせる(とがらせる)
sharpen ones nerves
神経戦
psychological warfare, war of nerves
予断を許さない(状況)
can't forsee, touch and go
断続的に
intermittently
会合
meeting, assembly, session
無任所大臣
minister without a portfolio
採決(さいけつ)
vote, roll call, show of hands, ーする take a vote
証券取引委員会
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
工作(こうさく)
work, handicraft, maneuvering, 工作員 craftsman, operative, spy
解放する
discharge from, free, release
示唆する(しさ)
suggest
総裁(そうさい)
president, governor (of an establishment, bank, school)
ちらつかせる
dangle in front of/before
様相(ようそう)
aspect
呈する(ていする)
take on, present, offer, 様相を呈する assume a new aspect
攻防(こうぼう)
a tug-of-war, offense and defense, a battle
緊迫度(きんぱくど)
tension level, strain
遺伝病
hereditary disease, genetic disorder
脳溢血(のういっけつ)
cerebral apoplexy (loss of consciousness or sensation
due to pressure on the brain
卒中(そっちゅう)
cerebral stroke, apoplexy
錫(すず)
tin
指図する(さしず)
to order, command, direct, instruct
水疱瘡(みずぼうそう)
chicken pox
怠惰(たいだ)
laziness、 ーな lazy, idle
劣る(おとる)
below average, inferior
衰える(おとろえる)
to weaken, decline
医療過誤
Medical Malpractice
賠償命令
compensation/reparations order
じんましん
rash, hives
漆(うるし)
(Japanese) laquer
損害賠償(そんがいばいしょう)
restitution, compensation, damages
准看護士(じゅんかんごし)
LPN (licensed practical nurse)
正看護士(せいかんごし)/登録看護婦
Registered Nurse
的確に
accurately
指示する
indicate, instruct, order
指摘する
indicate, point out, demonstrate
立ち会う
be present, witness, observe
怠る(おこたる)
to neglect
過失
fault, mistake, negligence, error
後遺症(こういしょう)
after-effects, prognostic symptoms
計り知れない(はかりしれない)
immeasurable, inestimable, unfathomable
命じる(めいじる)
to order, command
業務上過失
professional negligence
一審で
in the frist instance/first trial
実刑
jail sentence, imprisonment
実刑判決を受ける
be sentenced (to)
控訴する(こうそ)
to appeal (legal)
ジワジワ(と)
bit by bit, gradually
固定観念(こていかんねん)
stereotype, prejudice (fixed opinion)
既成概念(きせいがいねん)/ステレオタイプ
stereotype, preconceived idea (flexible)
特定
specific/special (requirements etc), ーする isolate, pin down, put one's finger on
起点(きてん)
starting point, origin
リュックサック
rucksack, backpack*
爆破現場(ばくは)
blast site, scene of the explosion, demolition site
家宅捜索(かたくそうさく)
domiciliary/premises search, ーする search a house
面する
to face, look out over/on, look to
唆される(そそのかされる)
be seduced/tempted/allured into doing
不審な(ふしん)
doubious, questionable, suspicious
植民地(しょくみんち)
colony, settlement, habitation
典型的(てんけいてき)
typical, representative, model, ideal
引き取る
take charge of, take over, take back
情勢/状勢(じょうせい)
situation, matter, affair, state of things, condition
信仰(しんこう)
(religious) faith, belief, ーする to believe in ()
ノーマーク
not observed/covered, unnoticed
製造する(せいぞう)
to manufacture/produce
暴かれない(あばかれない)
uable to expose/disclose/divulge
寛容な(かんよう)
generous, tolerant (of people or opinions etc)
開始する
enter into, open, begin (negotiations etc)
封じ込める(ふうじこめる)
to shut (others out), confine, contain (illness), enclose
使命
mission, errand, message
指名する
to name, nominate, appoint, designate as/for
死傷
casualties, injuries and deaths
燃料(ねんりょう)
fuel, ータンク fuel tank, メーター fuel guage
液体燃料センサー
liquid fuel guage
窒素ガス(ちっそ)
nitrogen (gas)
注入(ちゅうにゅう)
pouring, infusion, injection (液など)
分解する
dismantle, resolve, breakdown (compounds, machines, etc)
機体が分解した
the fuselage(body of the shuttle) broke into pieces
遺志
dying wish
断熱材(だんねつざい)
heat insulating material, insulation
車体
the body of a car, frame
樹脂(じゅし)
resin
修復する(しゅうふく)
restore*, repair
損傷(そんしょう)
damage, injury, failure (to the body, mind, major functions) を受ける
操縦室(そうじゅうしつ)
cockpit
特殊(とくしゅ) ?
special, particular, specific (gifts, functions, groups)
糖尿病(とうにょうびょう)
diabetes
低血糖
hypoglycemia
直ちに(ただちに)
instantly
即座に(そくざに)
immediately, right away, instantaneously
たちまち
in a fraction of a second, in an instant
無重力
weightlessness, zero gravity
姿勢制御装置(しせいせいぎょそうち)
control system
勧告する(かんこく)
to recommend, advise, counsel
点検する
check, inspect (engine etc)
進取の気性に富んだ(きしょう)
enterprising, full of initiative
誠実に(せいじつ)
sincerely, faithfullly, in good faith
公約する
publically commit/pledge oneself to do
公約数
common divisor/factor
解散する(かいさん)
dissolve, dismiss, liquidate, breakup
[答弁]答弁する(とうべん)
[rejoinder] to answer, reply, defend, rejoin
オウンゴール
score a goal for the wrong team, suicide*
徹底的(てっていてき)
thorough, complete (調査など)
可決
approval, adoption, passing (of a bill or motion etc)
公明党(こうめいとう)
Justice Party
結束(けっそく)
solidarity, ーする band/unite together
継続審議にする
to adjourn (temporarily)
回避する (かいひ)
evade, shirk, escape, avoid (work, duties etc)
時期尚早(じきしょうそう)
premature, before its time, untimely
分裂する(ぶんれつ)
divide, split、 党が分裂した (a split in the party)
分裂統治(とうち/じ) /分裂政治
a divided government
国際原子力機関
IAEA (The International Atomic Energy Agency)
核不拡散条約/核拡散防止条約
NPT (Nonproliferation Treaty)
拡散する
diffuse, spread, scatter
保有する
possess, keep, retain
追放する
banish, deport, run out, drive sb. out of
闇市場(やみ)
black market
博士(はくし/はかせ)
doctoralー, ーDoctor of ()
証言(しょうげん)
testimony, affirmation, ーする testify, bear witness, give evidence
不在者投票
absentee ballot
権力を掌握する(しょうあく)
to assume/seize power (over people), control (students)
人権侵害
abuse of human rights, human rights violation
掲げる(かかげる)
to publish, hang out, put up, display, fly
反帝国主義(はんていこくしゅぎ)
Anti-imperialism
ならず者国家
rogue nation
即事放棄(そくじほうき)
immediate abandonment/renunciation
加盟する (かめい)
to join, become affiliated/ a member (of the UN)
終結
the end/close of
崩壊(ほうかい)
collapse/fall/breakdown (of a building, plan or nation)
返還する(へんかん)
return/restore (something to someone)
高濃縮(こうのうしゅく)
highly enriched*/concentrated (Uranium etc)
核弾頭設計図
plans or blueprints for a nuclear warhead
弾頭(だんとう)
warhead, 核弾頭 nuclear warhead
商談
business talk/discussion/negotiations, ーする to bargain with sb for
遠心分離器(えんしんぶんりき)
a centrifuge or centrifugal machine
暫定的(ざんてい)
provisional, temporary
図案 [模様]
design, pattern, sketch
勃発する(ぼっぱつ)
break out, erupt (war, riots, etc)
相次いで(あいついで)
successively, one after the other
流出
outward flow, discharge (of info., water, etc)
搭載する(とうさい)
to carry, have loaded (a weapon etc)
中距離
intermediate range
中距離弾道ミサイル
IRBM (Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile)
体制
system, order, framework, structure
[強硬] 強硬策をとる
[firm, unbending] take drastic measures, assume a hard-line policy
打ち出す
hammer/work out/lay down (a new policy/principle), end (a performance)
日本電子工業会
Electronics Industries Association of Japan
値崩れ
a sudden drop in prices, price collapse
戦略
a strategy
出荷台数(しゅっかだいすう)
amount of freight, shipment
東南アジア諸国連合/アセアン
ASEAN (Association of South-East Asian Nations)
アジア太平洋経済協力会議
APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Coorperation Conference)
どさくさ
confusion, chaos
緩い(ゆるい)
loose, lax, lenient
共存
co-existence
促進
promotion, acceleration, encouragement
効用
effect, utility, use, benefit
分離
separation (of church and state, two substances/pieces etc)
公用語
official language
中軸(ちゅうじく)
heart, central (figure), power, ー選手 backbone of a team
なす
form
に貢献する(こうけん)
contribute to (one's success), play a part in
疎通(そつう)
communication, understanding one another
多用する
use much
公職
public service/office
外交官
diplomat
対抗する
confont, oppose (an enemy, opponent)
展開する
develop, evolve, unfold (a plan/theory/story)
帰属(きぞく)
belonging, ーする belong to (property, rights)
要素
factor, essential element
根付く(ねづく)
take root, 根づかせる ingrain (ideas in one's mind)
浸透する(しんとう)
penetrate into, permeate, spread (liquid, thoughts)
緊急に(きんきゅう)
urgently
難民
refugee
高等弁務官
The High Commissioner
欧州連合
EU (European Union)
共有する
share, hold in common
統合 [統合参謀本部(さんぼう)]
integration, unification, consolitation [Joint Chiefs of Staff]
堅固に/な(けんご)
firmly, stong/solid (defenses, foundation)
分権
decentralization of authority
緩やか(ゆるやか)
loose, lenient
枠内(わくない)
within a border or frame
まとまる
be fixed (idea), come to an agreement, make a deal
主権
sovereignty
広域
wide area
ー圏(けん)
sphere of ()
地方自治体(じちたい)
local government
独自性
originality
洗い流す
wash away, let bygones be bygones
相互に(そうご)
mutually
必要不可欠
indispensable
認識
recognition
垣根(かきね)
fence, barrier
共生
symbiosis, paragenesis, living together in close association
事務局
secretariat, executive office
片言(かたこと)
lisp, broken (English etc)
植林(しょくりん)
tree planting, forestation
移民
immigrant
唐突に (とうとつ)
abruptly, suddenly, unexpectedly (comment, speak)
理念
concept of, philosophy regarding, idea, ideology
博愛
philanthropy (love for mankind, universal good will)
属性
attribute
普遍的(ふへんてき)
universal
亡命者
an exile, refugee
安住(あんじゅう)
peaceful living
真っ向から(まっこう)
right in front
根強く[根強い ]
strongly, firmly [deep rooted (prejudices etc)]
かみしめる
meditate on, digest
駆けつける(か)
rush (to a spot)
積年の(せきねん)
longstanding (evils, grudge, feud)
わだかまり
troubles, bad/ill feelings (against/toward someone)
映し出す
broadcast
家財道具
houshold goods
肉親 [姻族(いんぞく)]
relatives [in laws]
呆然自失(ぼうぜんじしつ)
absent-minded/stupefied/stunned/dumbfounded, standing aghast
共にする
share in, participate
原動力
motivity, driving force, energy ?
に挑む(いどむ)
challenge
流通
circulation (of money), distribution
系列(けいれつ)
series, 系列会社 affiliate company
排他的(はいたてき)
exclusive (school or club)
[談合]談合をする
[(illegal) collusion (between contractors)], consult with, huddle together
金利(きんり)
interest rate
追随する(ついずい)
follow
外資
foreign capital
法人(ほうじん)
corporation, corporate body
国内総生産
GDP (Gross Domestic Product)
幹部の [幹部会議 / 執行部]
executive, 幹部 exec. officer [caucus]
陰口(かげぐち)
gossip
草分け(くさわけ)
pioneer
現地主義
thinking much of ones local area or people
自主自立 [自給自足]
independence [self sufficiency]
暖流
warm current
寒流(かんりゅう)
cold current
交わりあう(まじわりあう)
cross, intersect
穴場(あなば)
good unknown spot
ひとえに
solely
資質(ししつ)
one's natural gift, innate disposition
主従関係(しゅじゅう)
master and servant relationship
対等な(たいとう)
equal
充実感(じゅうじつ)
satisfaction, fulfillment
底力(そこぢから)
power, reserve strength, stamina
いずれは
someday, in time
プラスアルファ
a little more than usuall
一業界
() industry, () business, () trade (oil, banking, computer, export)
中間過程(ちゅうかんかてい)
middle process (in manufacturing)
廃止する
abolish, discontinue, do away with
簡素化する
simplify
商習慣
business custom
調整
adjustment, regulation, 調整する to adjust, correct
破片(はヘん)
fragments, splinters, pieces
支障
obstacle, hindrence, impediment
大気圏
inner space, the atmosphere
抵抗
resistance, opposition (a ruler, opponent, enemy), 空気抵抗 air resistance
摩擦
friction, 空気摩擦 air friction
上昇(じょうしょう)
soar, climb, rise (temp, price, salary)
耐熱(たいねつ)
heat resistant/heat-proof
一面に
all over, everywhere
むき出し [むき出しにする]
naked, [lay bare, be frank about]
常会
regular meeting
召集する(しょうしゅう)
assemble (members), convene/call (a conference), summon ( parliament etc)
議決 (N) [決議する]
resolution, decision, vote [to vote, 決議(する)に至る arrive at a decision]
臨時(りんじ)
special
議題
agenda
制定する
make, establish, institute (laws etc)
意思決定機関
decision making body
二院制/両院制
two house/bicameral system
成りたっている
consist of*, made up of, comprised of
構成される
composed*/made up of
抑制する(よくせい)
keep in check
強行採決(きょうこうさいけつ)
steamroller/forced voting
理の政治
reasonable/just politics ?
議案
bill
慎重な審議
careful deliberation
同一
same
慎重に検討する
consider carefully, thinking it through
組織
an organization
良識の府(ふ)
representative (body) of good sense ?
比例代表
proportional representation
小選挙区(しょうせんきょく)
small electoral district
改選
re-election
身分
one's position, rank, status
選出
an election
都道府県(とどうふけん)
the administrative divisions of Japan (Tokyo, Hokkaido, Osaka, Kyoto etc.)
会期
session
集合する
to gather/congregate, assemble (members)
区切る(くぎる)
mark off, [allocate] (a time period)
原則(げんそく)
priciple(s) (of grammar, democracy etc)
廃案
rejected/dropped bill
不継続
discontinuance
[幹事]幹事長
[organizer, coordinator, executive secretary (meeting or club)] Chief Secretary (of a party)
国益
national interest
据える(すえる)
settle oneself in (a chair/at a table), set, lay (foundation)
懸念(けねん)
worry, fear, anxiety, concern
記者団
the press (corps), group of reporters
政権交代(こうたい)
regime change
擁立する(ようりつ)
to back, support, put sb forward (as a candidate)
難航(なんこう)
a stormy passage, slow going ーする make slow progress
静脈(じょうみゃく)
vein,ー紋(もん) vein print
投入(とうにゅう)
inject/pump/throw into (money)
照合(しょうごう)
verification, check against
委託(いたく)
consignment, ーする entrust/trust/consign to
設備投資
capital investment/expenditure
市場規模
market scale
鈍い(にぶい)
blunt, dull, thickheaded
通院
commuting/going to a hospital
導入する
introduce, bring in (new things/methods etc)
学生証
student card
迅速な(じんそく)
quick, swift, promp, expeditious
カルテ
clinical records
容器(ようき)
container, vessel
尊重(そんちょう)
respect, esteem, regard
まぜこぜにする
jumble up/together, scramble
有無を言わさずに
peremptorily (precluding question or appeal), by force, bulldoze sb into doing
回収する
recall, recover, retrieve, collect
足踏みする(あしぶみ)
mark time, walk/run in place, stamp one's feet
利権
concessions, rights(a piece of/claim to), interests (in business, oil etc)
尊い(とうとい)
precious, valuable, noble
更なる(さらなる)
even more, further, もっと
栄養素
nutrients
有機の
organic
斜めに(ななめ)
diagonally, at an angle/slant
遮断した(しゃだん)
blocked/cut off/isolated from, secluded from, quarantined
耕す(たがやす)/耕作する(こうさく)
cultivate, farm
根菜(こんさい)
root crops (carrots, turnips etc)
現象(げんしょう)
phenomenon (natural), effect (greenhouse)
戸惑う(とまどう)
be bewildered/perplexed, feel at a loss
鉱物(こうぶつ)
mineral(s)
発破(はっぱ)
a blast, explosion, explosive blast
発破をかける
light/build a fire under sb, throw salt on sb's tail
帰す
send someone home/back
素っ気無い(そっけない)
cold, short, blunt, curt (response)
難色を示す
disapprove of, be opposed to, frown upon/at
政府開発援助
ODA (Official Development Assistance) (for developing countries)
三軒両隣(さんげんりょうどなり)
one's closest neightbors
引き摺る(ひきずる)
drag along/on, be prolonged, trail
外交当局
a diplomatic authority
妄言(もうげん)
insincere/meaningless/thoughtless/rash remarks
正当化する(せいとうか)
rationalize,justify, defend, vindicate ーして in justification for/vindication of
もろに
right out, as is, completely
帳消しにする(ちょうけし)
cancel, write off (debt etc)
隙(すき)を与える
give an opportunity ?
大東亜戦争(だいとうあ)/太平洋戦争
The Pacific War (Japanese name)
思想(しそう)
thoughts, ideas, ideology*
理屈
reason, theory (op. practice), logic
一目瞭然(いちもくりょうぜん)
apparent
慰霊の日(いれい)
day of remembrance (end of WWII)
愛着
love for, affection, attachment to, passion
突きつける
to thrust at/before
地上戦闘
land battle/war, ground offensive ?
基地
naval base/station
本土(ほんど)
the mainland
活性化
revitalization
粉砕する(ふんさい)
crush down, demolish, pulverize (glass, resistance, a plan or system)
繊細な問題(せんさい)
delicate issue/problem
シビア
severe
過去最高
the greatest yet/so far ?
(公共)土木工事
Public Works, civil engineering
公共事業
public works/enterprise/projects/operations
いまどき
recently, these days, nowadays, at this hour
橋梁(きょうりょう)
a bridge
割高な(わりだか)
comparatively/relatively high (in price), fairly expensive
天下り
former high-ranking officials take up lucrative jobs in private enterprise
役所側
gov't office end/side?
長い目でみれば
in/over the long run
厄災 [災厄 / わざわい]
calamity, disaster, ーを招く inviting/asking for disaster
執行部
executives, caucus
憲法を起草する(きそう)
to draft/draw up a constitution
訓練施設
training facility
人員削減(じんいんさくげん)
personnel reduction/cuts
免除する(めんじょ)
exempt/excuse from
天皇陛下(へいか)
His Majesty the Emperor
追悼式典(ついとうしきてん)
memorial/commemorative service/ceremony
対決
ーする confrontation, face off (in court etc), to confront (another person)
目撃者
an eye-witness, witness
移籍する(いせき)
transfer (one's name in a register, teams)
解任(かいにん)
relief (of duties), dismissal, removal (from a position)
制裁を加える(せいさい)
impose sanctions against/on (経済ーeconomic sanctions)
熱中症対策
preventative measures against heat stroke
早送りする
to fast forward
受難者(じゅなんしゃ)
sufferer
動物愛護(あいご)
love for animals
米国動物愛護協会
ASPCA (American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals)
せびる
mooch/bum/sponge off of
交流
exchange (cultural)
味を堪能する(たんのう/かんのう)
be satisfied with the taste
ーに堪能だ
proficient, competent at/in
接客サービス
customer service ?
取り組み
a match (sports), effort (toward)
資格がある
be qualified, capable
配置
arrangement, layout (a park), ーする to station/place/array (soldiers etc)
自由化政策
deregulation/liberalization policy
提言(ていげん)
a proposal or suggestion
復旧作業
repair work (to restore to working condition)
立ち入り検査
a spot inspection
講習会 [演習]
short training course, class [maneuvers, exercises, drills (military)]
模様替え(もようがえ)
redesigning/rearrangement (of furniture or a room)
連邦準備銀行
FRB (Federal Reserve Bank)
議長
Chairman, Speaker (of a House, meeting/corporation)
引上げる
raise, hike up (interest rates etc)
順次(じゅんじ)
progressively, gradually, increasingly [in order]
明確にする(めいかく)
make clear, define, bring into focus (an idea etc)
足取り
pace, gait, manner of walking
鈍らせる(にぶらせる)
weaken, dull, slow, 足取りを鈍らせる slow the pace of
推移している(すいい)
to proceed, progress, change (with time, over time)
良好な(りょうこう)
favorable (appearance), satisfactory
小包(こづつみ)
small parcel/package
簡易保険(かんい)
Postal Life Insurance
合体する(がったい)
unite, incorporate, combine, integrate
為し遂げる(なしとげる)
to accomplish, carry out, go through with*, achieve
遊説先(ゆうぜいさき)
(election) campaign location/spot/site
愛国者法
The Patriot Act
国土安全保障(省)
(Department of) Homeland Security
傍受(ぼうじゅ)
monitoring, tapping, intercepting
恒久化(こうきゅうか)
make permanent
時事(問題)
current events
時限立法
temporary legislation, legislation with a sunset provision
汚職(おしょく)
corruption, ー政治家 corrupt politician, ー事件 scandal
絡み(からみ)
linkage, connection to, involvement in 汚職絡み riddled with corruption
一概に(いちがい)
necessarily, ーそうとは言えない not necessarily, it depends
恩恵(おんけい)を受ける
be blessed (with), have the benefit of
人民元(じんみんげん)
Chinese Yuan
切り上げ
revaluation (of currency)
国債(こくさい)
gov't bonds/loans, national debts/securities
交錯する(こうさく)
interlace, mingle with, mix, ーした intricate, complicated
突破して(とっぱ)
breakthrough, penetrate, cross (a wall, defenses)
ジリジリと
slowly edging forward, ーさせる to irritate, [grill, sizzle (from heat)]
節目(ふしめ)
a knot, turning point (in a career etc)
不当性
injustice, impropriety
起訴する(きそ) [被告]
prosecute, indict, ー人 / 原告 plaintiff [defendant]
審問
a hearing, interrogation, ーする to interrogate, examine (a witness)
参考にする
to reference/refer to (materials)
探知(たんち)する
detect (a fault etc)
電話を逆探知する(ぎゃくたんち)
trace a phone call
陪審員
juror
記者会見
press/news conference
平静(へいせい)
calmness, composure, 心の平静 peace of mind
低迷する(ていめい)
be dull, sluggish, hovering (the market, economy etc)
運営する
to administer, manage, run, govern (a business, school)
不信任
censure, lack of confidence, ー決議 censure vote ー投票 vote of no confidence
党首
(political) party leader/head, 野党党首 the head of the opposition (party)
打ち立てる
to establish/formulate (a record, standards, peace, a monument), =立てる
特別法廷(ほうてい)
special courtroom/tribunal
住民(じゅうみん)
inhabitants, citizens, residents
罪状(ざいじょう)
charges, the nature of an offence
さえぎる
to interrupt (a speaker), intercept/obstruct (light), cover (an object)
反論する
to object (to), argue that, contradict (one's claims/assertions)
換気設備
ventilation equipment ?
密売する
trafficking, bootlegging, smuggling
閉鎖(へいさ)する
put a stop to, shut down, close(down), lockout
創設国(そうせつこく)
newfounded/newly established country
関与(かんよ)する
paticipate/take part in, be party to
(問題, 事態)に対処する
cope/manage/deal with (a problem, a situation)
総会決議案
General Assemby resolution
速やかに(すみやか)
speedily, promptly, with alacrity
柔軟な(じゅうなん)
flexible(rule) , pliable, fuzzy(argument), soft (line)
急先鋒(きゅうせんぽう)
spearhead (of an attack, project, undertaking)
任命された
appointed, assigned, nominated, designated
措置(そち)
measures, steps, actions (against, to prevent something etc)
国家主席
Head of State
報道官(ほうどうかん)
press attache/officer, spokesperson
必至(ひっし)だ/の
inevitable
凍結(とうけつ)
frozen (prices, wages, 凍結資産 frozen assets), ーする freeze
妨げる(さまたげる)
to hinder, prevent, disturb (one's progress, studies, success, sleep +)
国交正常化
normalization of (diplomatic) relations
構築(こうちく)する
build, construct, form (a theory, relationships)
機関紙(きかんし)
bulletin, (party) organ
摘発
exposure, ーする reveal, unmask, expose (a secret, crime, defect)
運用する ?
invest, use (money, a system), apply (rules, laws)
切り上げ幅
the range of revaluation
資産
property, assets, capital, fortune
移行する
switch, transition, change (topics), ー措置 transitional measures
瞼(まぶた) / [睫毛(まつげ)]
eyelids [eyelashes]
瞬きする(まばたき)
to blink
穏やかな気候(おだやか)
a mild climate
鼻腔(びくう)
nasal cavity
造反議員
insurgent/rebel members (of congress)
神経過敏な(かびん)
oversensitive, nervous
厳正な(げんせい)
rigid, strict (test, judgement), 厳正中立 strict neutrality
存立する(そんりつ)
to exist, subsist
審査する
examine (works, pictures), judge (a competition)
いたずらに
in vain, to no avail, fruitlessly
誠意(せいい)
sincerity, good faith
倫理的(りんり) [道徳的(どうとくてき)]
ethical, moral
噴飯(ふんぱん)
burst out laughing, ー物(もの) something absurd/rediculous
作戦(さくせん)
(military) operations, game plan, strategy, ー会議 strategy meeting
ーを思いとどまらせる
dissuade someone from doing something
存在価値
a meaninful existence, self worth
洗脳
brainwashing
指示待ち社員
an employee that simply takes orders
過保護の
overprotective
適応できる
adaptable
漫然と(まんぜん)
aimlessly, ー話す ramble on about
和やか(なごやか)
friendly (conversation), sociable (atmosphere), calm, happy (family)
剥れ落ちる(はがれ)
to break/chip/peel/come off of
太子(たいし)
crown prince
仏様(ほとけさま)
a Buddha
滑らかに(なめらか)
smoothly, easily, fluently, ーにする smooth down, soften, grease
突き止める
to locate, trace, ascertain (what happened, one's whereabouts)
公益(こうえき)
the common good, public interests
追い求める
to pursue (ones dreams etc)
多才
multi-talented, well-rounded
総書記
General Secretary (China, Russia etc)
持ち込む
bring in, import, smuggle
検問所
a checkpoint, ーで止められる ordered to stop at a checkpoint
設ける(もうける)
create (buildings), establish/set up (laws), assign (a limit)
宿営地
encampment, camp (military)
迫撃砲弾(はくげきほうだん)
mortar shell, bomb
撃ち込む / 打ち込む
to drive (nail) into, shoot into, put one's heart into
妨害する(ぼうがい)
obstruct (traffic), interefere (studies), hinder, ー行為/工作 sabotage
拠点(きょてん)
(military) position, (strategy) base, (industrial) stronghold
発射する
fire, shoot, ー場 launch site, site of discharge
報道陣(じん) [記者団]
(news) press corps [(journalist) press corps]
集結する
rendezvous/gathering/massing (of troops, 軍艦 (ぐんかん) warships)
正午(しょうご)
mid-day, noon, noontime
身柄を拘束(みがら)
to take () into custody
イスラム過激派組織
Islamic extremists / Islamic extremist organization
[原理] 原理主義勢力
[principle/theory/fundamental truth] the influence/power of fundamentalism
イスラム原理主義
Islamic fundamentalism
牧場(ぼくじょう)
(livestock) farm, pasture/grazing land, ranch
暫定自治政府
provisional/interim government
双方(そうほう)
both (parties), mutual, bilateral, two-way (communications)
沈静化(ちんせいか)
calming/settling down
歯止めをかける
put on/apply the brakes, act as a break
観測
observation (stars, weather), prediction, thinking (希望的)
軒並み(のきなみ)
a row of houses, [all over, one and all, everyone, uniformly]
妥協(だきょう)
compromise/concession, ー案 compromise (plan)
譲歩する(じょうほ)
concede*, compromise, apease (with)
歩み寄り[互いに歩み寄る]
compromise, concession [-w/eachother, mutually concede]
覇権(はけん) / ヘグモニー
hegemony, ー主義 hegemonism (ist)
主導権
leadership, initiative, hegemony
率いる(ひきいる)
to lead/command (troops)
骨子(こっし)
framework, outline, substance, bare bones of (info., an article etc)
趣旨の文言を盛り込む(しゅしのもんごんをもりこむ)
include/incorporate wording on the gist/meaning/purport ?
という趣旨
to the effect that…
質疑(しつぎ)
inquiry, 質疑応答 question and answer session
公聴会(こうちょうかい)
(public) hearing
討論
debate, discussion, ーする debate on/about, discuss (matters)
五分五分の状態だ
even, 50/50 situation
会長
president or chairman (of an organization or society)
水面下で
below the surface [water], secretively
浮き彫りにする(うきぼり)
[(carved) in relief], reveal, demonstrate, show
攻勢を強める(こうせい)
strengthen/push the offensive
手製の(てせい)
handmade, homemade, manual
日中友好協会 / (ー)日本友好協会
the (China)-Japan Friendship Association
脅迫を受ける(きょうはく)
be threatened, intimidated, menaced
猛暑(もうしょ)
intense/fierce heat, heat wave
矛先(ほこさき)
the aim/target (of an attack,criticism etc)
攻撃激化
aggravated assaults/strikes, intensified attacks
乗りつけ(る)
one's reg. taxi/usual ride, (ride right up to)
駐留する(駐留) / 配置される
be stationed (the presence (of an army))
武装勢力
armed group/insugents
射殺
gun down, shot and killed, shot to death
草案(そうあん)
a draft, rough draft, sketch
警視総監
the Superintendent-General / Chief Superintendent (of the Metropolitan Police)
謝罪
apology, ーする apologize, ーの apologetic
発砲も辞さない
prepared to shoot/open fire
事実関係
all the facts (of a case), the actual relationship
画像(がぞう)
image, figure, pitcture, portrait
外相(がいしょう) [外務大臣]
Foreign Minister [Foreign Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs]
国交樹立(じゅりつ)
establishment of diplomatic relations
国防省
The Dept. of Defense/The Defense Dept., The Pentagon
史上最初
the first (ever) in history
推計
estimate(tion), calculation (of), ーする estimate/calculate (an amount)
被爆(ひばく)
(A-) bombed, nuked ー者 atomic bomb victim/survivor
廃絶(はいぜつ)
abolition of, ーする abolish (laws, customs, nuclear weapons)
悲願(ひがん)
one's dearest/greatest/long-cherished wish
依存
dependence, reliance, ーする depend/rely on (a person or nation)
体質
predisposition (to disease), inclination, (genetic) makeup
未締約(ていやく)
unsigned/pending (treaty)
破棄する(はき)
cancel, nullify, breach (a treaty, agreement)
承認
approval, acknowledgement, sanction
戦術
tactics
潜水艦
submarine
国家機密
top secret, classified
治安当局
authority on law and order/peace and security
射程
(firing/shooting) range
米中枢同時テロ
US centered simultaneous acts of terror ?
核体制の見直し
(NPR) Nuclear Posture Review
国防計画の見直し
(QDR) Quadrennial Defense Review
発覚
detection, coming to light,ーする be found out/detected/uncovered (conspiracy)
先制使用
preemptive use
非核地帯(ちたい)
nuclear free zone
中心に据えている
sit/install/place (oneself) in the center
動機
motive, incentive, ーを与える to motivate, ーづけ motivation
対抗措置 [対抗処置をとる]
countermeasures, [take drastic action against...]
波及する(はきゅう)
to influence (thoughts), spread (to others), ー効果 influence, ripple effect
当面
for a time, presently, ーの urgent, impending, (matter) at hand
核疑惑国
countries suspected of possessing nuclear weapons
人間の尊厳 (そんげん)
human dignity
講演を締めくくる
conclude a speech/discourse/lecture
2国間会談
bilateral talks
文部科学省
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
概算要求(がいさん)
request for budgetary appropriations
着目する [着目点]
focus on, aim at, pay attention to [focal point, pt of interest]
公民館
community center, public hall
合宿
boarding house, ーする stay in a camp together for training
巡回(じゅんかい)
rounds, patrol, ーする make rounds, patrol (an area, building)
指揮官(しきかん)
commander, commanding officer
下書き
a rough draft/copy, a draft, ーを書く write (up) a rough draft
罷免する(ひめん) / 解雇する
dismiss (someone from a gov't job) ー権 the authority to…
公(おおやけ)
official, public, formal, governmental
持病(じびょう) / 慢性病(まんせい)
a chronic illness/disease
喘息(ぜんそく)
asthma
潰瘍(かいよう)
an ulcer
途方もない 【とほうもない】 (adj) extraordinary; preposterous; outrageous; absurd
判断ミス a judgement error, error of judgement
激戦州 battleground/swing states
胚性幹細胞研究(はいせい)/ ES細胞研究 embryonic stem cell research
イラク暫定政府のアラウィ首相 Iraq's interim Prime Minister Iyad Allawi
頭部を切断して(首を切って)殺害 beheading
米連邦緊急事態管理庁 Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
大リーグ major league
年間最多安打新記録 record for hits in a season
ペイオフ全面解禁 the elimination of a blanket government guarantee on bank deposits