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21 Cards in this Set

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LAW
A BODY OF RULES OF ACTION OR CONDUCT PRESCRIBED BY CONTROLLING AUTHORITY, AND HAVING BINDING LEGAL FORCE. MUST BE OBEYED AND FOLLOWED BY CITIZENS SUBJECT TO SANCTIONS OR LEGAL CONSEQUENCES IS A LAW.
COMMON LAW
DEVELOPED BY JUDGES WHO ISSUED THEIR OPINIONS WHEN DECIDING CASES. THE PRINCIPLES ANNOUNCED IN THESE CASES BECAME PRECEDENT FOR LATER JUDGES DECIDING SIMILAR CASES.
LAW COURTS
A COURT THAT DEVELOPED AND ADMINISTERED A UNIFORM SET OF LAWS DECREED BY THE KINGS AND QUEENS AFTER WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR
COURT OF CHANCERY(EQUITY COURT)
A 2ND SET OF COURTS ESTABLISHED BECAUSE OF THE UNFAIR RESULTS AND THE LIMITED REMEDY AVAILABLE IN LAW COURTS
LAW MERCHANT
MERCHANTS WHO DEVELOPED CERTAIN RULES TO SOLVER THEIR COMMERCIAL DISPUTES.
WERE BASED UPON COMMON TRADE PRACTICES AND USAGE.
MERCHANT COURT
THE SEPARATE SET OF COURTS ESTABLISHED TO ADMINISTER THE "LAW OF MERCHANTS"
LEGISLATIVE(CONGRESS)
POWER TO MAKE THE LAW
EXECUTIVE(PRESIDENT)
POWER TO ENFORCE THE LAW
JUDICIAL(COURTS)
POWER TO INTERPRET AND DETERMINE THE VALIDITY OF THE LAW
TREATIES
AGREEMENTS OR CONTRACTS B/W TWO OR MORE NATIONS THAT ARE FORMALLY SIGNED BY AN AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE AND RATIFED BY THE SUPREME POWER OF EACH NATION
STATUTES
WRITTEN LAWS THAT ESTABLISH CERTAIN COURSES OF CONDUCT THAT MUST BE ADHERED TO BY COVERED PARTIES
ORDINANCES
LAWS ENACTED BY LOCAL GOV'T BODIES SUCH AS CITIES AND MUNICIPALITIES, COUNTIES, SCHOOL DISTRICTS, AND WATER DISTRICTS
EXECUTIVE ORDERS
ORDER ISSUED BY A MEMBER OF THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH OF GOV'T
ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES
AGENCIES THAT THE LEGISLATIVE AND EXECUTIVE BRANCHES OF FEDERAL AND STATE GOVERNMENTS ESTABLISH
JUDICIAL DECISIONS
A DECISION ABOUT AN INDIVIDUAL LAWSUIT ISSUED BY FEDERAL AND STATE COURTS
PRECEDENT
A RULE OF LAW ESTABLISHED IN A COURT DECISION. LOWER COURTS MUST FOLLOW THE PRECEDENT ESTABLISHED BY HIGHER COURTS
STARE DECISIS
"TO STAND BY THE DECISION"
ADHERENCE TO PRECEDENT
PLAINTIFF
PARTY WHO ORIGINALLY BROUGHT THE LAWSUIT
DEFENDANT
PARTY AGAINST WHOM THE LAWSUIT HAS BEEN BROUGHT
PETITIONER OR APPELLANT
PARTY WHO HAS APPEALED THE DECISION OF THE TRIAL COURT OR LOWER COURT.
RESPONDENT OR APPELLEE
PARTY WHO MUST ANSWER THE PETITIONER'S APPEAL.