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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
employment at will
a common law doctrine under which either party may terminate an employment relationship at any time for any reason, unless a contract specifies otherwise
an employee's disclosure to government authorities, upper-level managers, or the press that the employer is engaged in unsafe or illegal activities
wrongful discharge
an employer's termination of an employee's employment in violation of the law
minimum wage
the lowest wage, either by government regulation or union contract, that an employer may pay an hourly wage
worker's compensation laws
state statutes establishing an administrative procedure for compensating workers's injuries that arise out of-or in the course of-their employment, regardless of fault
the creation of an absolute or unconditional right or power
protected class
a group of persons protected by specific laws because of the group's defining charateristics. Under laws prohibiting employment discrimination, these characteristics include, race, color, religion, national origin, gender, age, and disability
employment discrimination
treating employees or job applicants unequally on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, gender, age, or disability; prohibited by federal statutes
disparate-treatment discrimination
a form of employment discrimination that results when an employer intentionally discriminates against employees who are members of protected classes
prima facie case
a case in which the plaintiff has produced sufficient evidence of his or her conclusion that the case can go to a jury; a case in which the evidence compels the plaintiff's conclusion if the defendant produces no affirmative defense or evidence to disprove it
disparate-impact discrimination
a form of employment discrimination that results from certain employer practices or procedures that, although not discriminatory on their face, have a discriminatory effect
sexual harrassment
in the employment context, the demanding of sexual favors in return for a job promotions or other benefits, or language or conduct that is so sexually offensive that it creates a hostile working environment
business necessity
a defense to allegations of employment discrimation in which the employer demonstrates that an employment practice that discriminates against members of a protected class is related to job performance
bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ)
Indentifiable characteristics reasonably necessary to the normal operation of a particular business. These characteristics can include gender, national origin, and religion, but not race.
seniority system
in regard to employment relationships, a system in which those who have worked longest for the company are first in line for promotions, salary increases, and other benefits; they are also the last to be laid off if the workforce must be reduced
construction discharge
a termination of employment brought about by making the employee's working conditions so intolerable that the employee reasonably feels compelled to leave