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22 Cards in this Set

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the last of Kohlberg's stages of moral development (also known as postconventional or principled morality); at these stages the individual has questioned previous laws and values and sees the value of reason in morality.
autonomous morality
a specialized study of the moral standards that apply to business policies, institutions, organizations, and behavior.
business ethics
the necessity of moral principles to be applied the same way to everyone in similar circumstances.
consistency requirement
the middle two of Kohlberg's stages, characterized by the ability to see situations from the point of view of others and to subordinate the needs of the individual to the needs of the group.
conventional morality
a term used to denote the existence of information on an electronic network of linked computer systems.
cyberspace
investigation attempting to explain or describe the world without reaching any conclusions about whether the world is as it should be.
descriptive study
the theory that morality varies according to culture and/or time.
ethical relativism
the study of morality or the moral standards of a society or an individual.
ethics
new techniques that allow change in the genes of the cells of humans, animals, and plants.
genetic engineering
the worldwide process by which the economic and social systems of nations have become connected.
globalization
powerful and compact technologies that have allowed us to capture, manipulate, and move information in new and creative ways.
information technology
a law that specifies the duties of persons who agree to act on behalf of another party and who are authorized by agreement so to act.
law of agency
the reasoning process by which human behaviors, institutions, or policies are judged to be in or out accordance with moral standards.
moral reasoning
the idea that agents are culpable for acting or neglecting to act.
moral responsibility
norms about the kinds of actions believed to be morally right and wrong.
moral standards
the standards that an individual or a group has about what is right and wrong or good and evil (also, the subject that ethics investigates).
morality
a company that maintains manufacturing, marketing, service, or administrative operations in many different host countries.
multinational corporation
a new field that encompasses the development of tiny structures only billionths of a meter in size.
nanotechnology
standards by which we judge what is right/ wrong or good/bad in a nonmoral way.
nonmoral standards
investigation attempting to reach conclusions about what things are good or bad, or about what actions are right or wrong.
normative study
the first two stages of Kohlberg's stages of moral development, centering on response to rules, punishments, and social expectations.
preconventional morality
a situation where two parties must choose whether to cooperate or not; both gain when both cooperate, while if only one cooperates the other gains even more, and if both do not cooperate both lose.
prisoner’s dilemma