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177 Cards in this Set

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HEADWORD
MEANING
Board of Directors
(=Board) a group of people controlling a company or other organization; Direktion
chairperson
head of the Board of Directors (=President); Vorsitzender / Präsident
Chief Executive Officer (CEO)
Managing Director (MD); Generaldirektor
human resources
a department in a firm which deals with employees; personnel; menschliche Betriebsmittel, „Personalabteilung“
Managing Director (MD)
Chief Executive Officer (CEO); Generaldirektor
organization chart
an illustration giving clear information about the manner in which people work together; Organigramm
personnel
the people employed in an organization, staff; Personal
provide
to make sth available for sb to use by giving or lending it; zur Verfügung stellen
public relations (PR)
the work of presenting a good image of an organization to the public, esp by providing information; Öffentlichkeits-/ Pressearbeiten
R and D
Research and Development; Forschung und Entwicklung;
senior manager
company officer
shareholder
an owner of shares in a business company; Aktionär
workforce
the total number of workers who are employed in a company or factory, or who are available for work; Angestellte, Mannschaft
accounting
Bookkeeping; Buchhaltung
advise sb (on sth)
to give advice to sb; to recommend sth to sb; jemandem etwas raten
blender
a machine for chopping and mixing food into a liquid, eg when making soup; „Mischmaschine“
committee
a group of people appointed, usually by a larger group, to deal with a particular matter; Ausschuss
component
any of the parts of which sth is made; Bestandteil
control
the power or authority to direct, order or manage; Kontrolle, Steuerung
corporate
of or relating to a corporation; kooperativ
display
to put sth in a place where people can see it easily; Anzeige
domestic appliance
an instrument or device within the home, household or family for a specific purpose or task; Haushaltsgerät
(electric) shaver
electrical tool for cutting hair off the face, etc.; Rasierapparat
emerge (as sth)
to develop and become noticeable, important or prominent; auftauchen, bekannt werden
equipment
things needed for a special purpose; Ausrüstung
fax (-es)
a faxed copy; Telefax
gear
a piece of apparatus or machinery for a particular purpose; Gerät
hair(-)dryer
a device for drying the hair by blowing hot air over it; Föhn
implement
put into practice; einführen
in charge of
responsibility for sb/sth; care or control of sb/sth; verantwortlich für
legal affairs
a thing to be done or for which one is responsible, based on law; Rechtsangelegenheiten
lighting electronics
electronic equipment for providing light for a room, building, etc; Beleuchtungselektronik
policy
an agreed course of action ; Politik / Taktik
register
to record a name, an event, a sale, etc in a list for official purposes; registrieren
supervisory
supervising: to watch sb/sth or check what sb has done to make sure that work, etc is done properly; Überwachung
terminal
computer screen; Terminal / Datenstation
trademark
a registered design or name used to identify a company’s goods; Warenzeichen;
vacuum cleaner
"Staubsauger"
X-ray
a type of radiation that can penetrate solid objects and makes it possible to see into or through them; Röntgenstrahl
activity (-ies)
a specific thing or things done; an action or occupation; Tätigkeit
aloud
in a voice loud enough to be heard by other people; laut
ancient
belonging to times that are long past; alt
apply to sb for sth
to make a formal request; beantragen
approve (of sb/sth)
to feel or believe that sb/sth is good, acceptable or satisfactory; genehmigen
approximate
fairly correct or accurate but not completely so; ungefähr
believe in sb/sth
[phr v] to feel sure of the existence of sb/sth; an jemanden glauben
belong to
[phr v] to be the property of sb; gehören zu
benefit (from/by sth)
to receive benefit from sth; to gain sth from sth; Nutzen
carbon-filament
a thin carbon wire in a light-bulb that glows when electricity is passed through it; Carbon-Heizfaden
colour picture tubes
"Farbbildschirme"
committed
caring a lot about a cause, one’s job, etc; loyal to a particular idea; festgelegt
committee
a group of people appointed, usually by a larger group, to deal with a particular matter; Ausschuss
complex
difficult to understand or explain because there are many different aspects or people involved; kompliziert
concentrate on
specialise in; spezialisiert in
consist of sth
to be composed of sth; bestehend aus
contribute to sth
to increase sth or add to sth; zu etwas beitragen
creed
a set of beliefs or opinions, esp religious beliefs; Glaubensbekenntnis
depend on/upon sb/sth
[phr v] to be sure or expect that sth will happen; abhängen von
describe
to say what sb/sth is like; beschreiben
designer
a person whose job is designing things; Entwerfer
dial
to use a telephone by turning the dial or pushing buttons to call a number; wählen
diversification
making different types of products; Diversifikation
division
sector; Abteilung
employ sb (as sth)
to give work to sb, usually for payment: jemanden einsetzen
establish
to begin sth on a firm or permanent basis; gründen / errichten
excitement
a happy feeling of eagerness and enthusiasm; Aufregung
exciting
causing great interest or enthusiasm; aufregend
expansion
the action or an instance of expanding; the state of being expanded; Expansion / Ausdehnung
foundation
[U] the action of founding an institution, organization, etc; Gründung / Grundlage
fuel
to increase the amount or intensity of sth; „fördern, vorantreiben“
headquarters
[+ pl. OR sg. verb] main offices; a place from which an organization is controlled; „Hauptquartier“
impressive
gaining sb’s admiration and respect, esp because of size, beauty or importance; eindrucksvoll
improve
to become or make sth better; verbessern
innovation
the introduction of a new idea; Innovation
integrated circuit
"integrierter Schaltkreis"
issue
important matter; „Ausgabe“
key officer
a person with an important position of authority ; Schlüsselangestellter (-person)
laboratory
a room or building used for scientific research, experiments, testing, etc; Labor
landmark
1: an object that is easily seen and recognized from a distance; Wahrzeichen
launch
introduce onto the market; Produkteinführung
light bulb
"Glühbirne"
light, lit, lit (or: lighted)
to provide sth with light; Licht
living room
a room in a private house for general use during the day; Wohnzimmer
locate
to discover the exact position of sb/sth; finden
location
a place, position or adress; Ort / Position
long-term
of or for a long period of time; langfristig
manufacture
to make goods on a large scale using machinery; Herstellung
monitor
watch carefully; beobachten
network
a closely linked group of people, companies, etc; Netzwerk
outlet (for sth)
a place that sells goods made by a particular company or of a particular type; a shop
pass
to leave sb/sth on one side or behind as one goes forward; to go past sb/sth; vorbeigehen
patent
the right to make or sell an invention; Patent
policy
an agreed course of action; Politik / Taktik
practices
ways of doing business; Praxis
programme of expansion
plan for growth; Plan der Expansion
protect sb/sth (against/from sth)
to keep sb/sth safe from harm, injury, etc; to defend sb/sth; jemand schützen
radiation
the sending out of heat, energy, etc in the form of rays; Strahlung
range
a selection or series; Bereich, Sortiment, Auswahl
refer to sb/sth
[phr v] to mention or speak of sb/sth; verweisen auf, sich beziehen auf
report to sb on sth
give a spoken or written account of sth heard, seen, done, studied, etc; jemandem etwas berichten
result in sth
[phr v] to cause sth; to have sth as a result; resultieren aus
scientist
a person who studies one or more of the natural or physical sciences; Wissenschaftler
semiconductor
a device containing a substance that conducts electricity in certain conditions, used esp in computing and electronics; Halbleiter
serve
to work or perform duties for a company, an organization, etc; to give service to sth/sb; dienen, bedienen
share
1. to take part or become involved in an activity; aufteilen
some
approximately; einige (ungefähr)
specialised (-ized)
designed or altered for a particular purpose; spezialisiert
spread sth (out) (on/over sth)
to extend the surface area, width or length of sth, eg by opening it fully or unfolding; verbreiten
staff
[n & v]
stimulate
to make sb/sth more active or alert; to encourage sb/sth; anregen
stock exchange
a place where stocks and shares are publicly bought and sold; such business, or the people engaged in it; Börse
strategy
a planned series of actions; Strategie
succeed (in sth/doing sth)
to do what one is trying to do; Erfolg haben mit etwas
supervise
to watch sb/sth or check what sb has done to make sure that work, etc is done properly; überwachen
the turn of the century
the time when a new century starts; Jahrhundertwende
turn out
produce; Produktion
vary (from sth to sth)
to change, esp according to some factor; verändern
whether
used before a clause or an infinitive that expresses or suggests a choice between two alternatives; ob
witness
to be present at sth and see it; Zeuge
worldwide
found in or affecting the whole world; Weltweit
aggressive
forceful; promoting an idea, product, etc strongly; aggressiv
become
to come to be; to grow to be; geworden
candle
"Kerze"
considerably
much; a lot ; beträchtlich
create
to cause sth to exist; to make sth new or original; verursachen, erschaffen
dental
of or for the teeth; zahnmedizinisch
drop, dropped, dropped
to become or make sth weaker, lower or less; fallen
establishment
the action of creating or founding sth on a firm or permanent basis; Einrichtung
expansion
the action or an instance of expanding; Ausdehnung ; Expansion, Ausdehnung
found
to start or establish an organization, institution, etc; gründen
heavy
of more than the usual size, amount, force, etc; schwer
lead, led, led
to show sb the way, esp by going in front; führen, leiten
maintain
to cause sth to continue; to keep sth in existence at the same level, standard, etc; beibehalten
operation
a business company; Betrieb
packaging
materials used to wrap or protect goods; Verpackung
pay, paid, paid
to give sb money for work, goods, services, etc; Bezahlung
raise
[N]
raise, -ed, -ed
to lift or move sth to a higher level; erhöhen
recent
that existed, happened, began, was done, etc not long ago or not long before; neu
recyclable
to treat things that have already been used so that they can be used again; wieder verwendbar
rinse
"Mundspülung"
rise
[N]
rise, rose, risen
to come or go upwards; to reach a high or higher level or position; aufsteigen
set sth up
to establish or create sth; etwas aufstellen
starch
substance prepared in powder form or as a spray and used for making cotton clothes, etc. stiff; Stärke
strengthen
to become or make sb/sth stronger; verstärken
therapeutics
the branch of medicine concerned with curing disease; Therapeutik
throughout
in every part; überall in
truly
completely; really; to a great degree; wirklich
world leader
a person or thing that leads throughout the world; Weltführer
analysis
the study of sth by examining its parts and their relationship; Analyse
assurance
a statement expressing certainty about sth; a promise; Versicherung
bottling plant
a factory where bottles are filled; Abfüllanlage
compulsory redundancy
being forced (by law etc.) to be no longer in employment because there is no more work available; „Entlassungen“
consultation
1: the action or process of consulting sb/sth; Beratung
contract sth out (to sb)
to arrange for work to be done by another firm rather than one’s own; auslagern
contribute to sth
to help to cause sth; zu etwas beitragen
determine
to find out or fix sth exactly and without doubt; to calculate sth; feststellen
division
a major unit or section of an organization; Abteilung
engineering
the practical application of scientific knowledge in the design, building and control of machines, bridges, electrical apparatus, chemicals, etc; Technik, Ingenieurwesen
holding company
a company formed to hold the shares of other companies, which it then controls;
hypermarket
BE: a very large shop, selling a wide range of goods, usually situated outside a town; Grossmarkt
industrial unrest
a state of disturbance in which the workforce is angry or dissatisfied and likely to protest or fight; industrielle Unruhe
layer
to arrange sth in layers; Schicht
loan
a thing that is lent, esp a sum of money; Darlehen
maintenance
action of keeping sth in existence at the same level, standard, etc; Wartung
MBA
Master of Business Administration
negotiation
discussion aimed at reaching an agreement; Verhandlung
period
a length or portion of time; Periode
principal
first in rank or importance; chief; main ; hauptsächlich
retail
the practice of selling goods in small quantities to the general public; Einzelverkauf
retirement
the event of stopping one’s regular work, esp because one has reached a particular age; Ruhestand
significantly
in a way that has a special importance or meaning; to an important or considerable degree; erheblich
skilled
having the ability to do sth well; erfahren
technically
with reference to the technique displayed; technisch
towel
a piece of cloth or paper for drying oneself or wiping things dry; Tuch