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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The rights inherent in a managerial position to tell people what to do and to expect them to do it.
Chain of Command
The continoios line of authority that extends from upper organizational levels to the lowest levels and clarifies who reports to whom
The basis by which jobs are grouped together.
What are the characteristics of and Organic organization??
-Highly adaptable and flexible.
-cross functional teams, cross hierarchical teams, free flow of information, wide spans of control , decentralization, low formalization
-flexible to allow it to change rapidly as needs require
-division of labor but jobs people do are not standardized.
-employees highly trained and handle diverse jobs frequently use teams.0
-minimal formal rules and little direct supervision.
What are the characteristics of a Mechanistic organization??
rigid and tightly controlled.
-high specialization
-rigid departmentalization
-clear chain of command
-narrow spands of control
-high formalization
-limited information network
-little preparation in decision making
-relys on rule and regulations
-minimal impact of differing personalitlies and judgement and ambiguity bc these traits are seen as inefficient and inconsistant.
The degree to which decisionmaking is concentrated at a single point in the organization, top managers make all decisions and lower level carry out their orders.
the gree to which lower level employees provide input or actually make decisions, decision making pushed down tothe managers who are closest to the action.
4 contingencies that structures depends on.
-Organization strategy
-degree of enviromental uncertainty.
1963 Equal Pay Act
prohibits pay differences base on sex for equal work
1964 Civil Rights Act Title VII (amended in 1972
Prohibits discrimination based on race color religion natioal origin and sex
1967 Age discrimination in employment act
Prohibits age dicrimination against employees between 40-65yrs..
1973 Vocational Rehabilitation Act
Prohibits discrimination on the basis of physical or mental disabilities.
1974 Privacy Act
Gives employees the legal right to examine personnel files and letters of refernce concerning them.
1978 Mandatory Retirement Act
Prohibits the forced retirement of most employees before the age of 70 upper limit on age was removed in 1986
1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act
Prohibits unlawful employment of aliens and unfair immigration related employment practices.
1988 Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act
Requires employers with 100 or more employees to probide 60 days notice before a facility closing or mass layoff
1990 Americans with Disablilties Act
Prohibits employers from discrimnation against individuals with physical or mental disablilities or the chronically ill: also requires organizations to reasonably accommodate these individuals
1991 Civil Rights Act
Reaffirms and tightens prohibtion of discrimination permits individuals to sue for punitive damages in sases of intentional discrimation
1993 Family and Medical Leave Act
Permits employees in organizations with 50 or more workers to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave each year for familty or medical resaons
Health Insurance Protability and Accountability Act of 1996
Allows portability of employees health insurance from one employer to another.