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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Right
Legal capacity to require another person to perform or refrain from performing an act
Duty
Obligation of law imposed on a person to perform or refrain from performing a certain act
Right of Privacy
1. Right to be secure against unreasonable searches and seizures by the government

2. Protect individuals against intrusions by others

Ex: OJ Simpson/Roe v. Wade
What is the base of governmental levels of law which provides the framework for business and personal rights and duties?
Constitutional Law
Constitutional Law
Branch of law that is based on the consitution for a particular level of government
Constitution
Body of principles that establishes the structure of a government and the relationship of that government to the people who are governed
Statutory Law
Legislative acts that congress and state legislatures enact. State level-govern the creation of corporations, probate of wills, and the transfer of title to property
Administrative Regulations
Rules made by state and federal administrative agencies (Securities and Exchange Commission/National Labor Relations Board)
Private Law
Individuals and businesses create their own law.

Consists of the rules and regulations parties agree to as part of their contractual relationships

Ex: Landlords
Case Law
Principles that are expressed for the first time in court decisions
Precedent
A decision of a court that stands as the law for a particular problem in the future
Stare Decisis
"Let the decision stand"; the principle that the decision of a court should serve as a guide or precendent and control the decision of a similar case in the future
Common Law
Time honored rules of the community
Substantive Law
Creates, defines, and regulates rights and liabilities
Procedural Law
Specifies the steps that must be followed in enforcing rights and liabilities
Equity
The body of principles that orginally developed because of the inadequacy of the rules then applied by the common law courts of England
Principles of Equity
Special cases developed certain rules
Specific Performance
When some remedies require a court order for specific conduct