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97 Cards in this Set

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Grand Cru of Chablis, West to East.
Bougros, Les Preuses, Vaudésir, Grenouilles, Valmur, Les Clos, Blanchot. (La Moutonne, situated between les Preuses & Vaudésir, though not classed as Grand Cru is permitted the use of the status.)
Côte de Nuits Commune AC's (N to S), and whether they produce red, white, or both.
Marsannay (red, white, rosé)
Fixin (red, some white)
Gevrey-Chambertin (red, some white)
Morey-St-Denis (red, some white)
Chambolle-Musigny (red, some white)
Vougeot (red, some white)
Vosne-Romanée (red only)
Nuits-St-Georges (red, some white)
Commune ACs of the Côte de Beaune (N to S), and whether each produces red, white, or both.
Pernand-Vergelesses (r&w)
Ladoix (r&w), Aloxe-Corton(r&w)
Chorey-Lès-Beaune (r&w)
Savigny-Lès-Beaune (r&w)
Beaune (r&w)
Pommard (r), Volnay (r)
St-Romain (r&w)
Monthelie (r&w)
Auxey-Duresses (r&w)
Meursault (w&r)
Blagny (r)
Puligny-Montrachet (w&r)
St-Aubin (w&r)
Chassagne-Montrachet (w&r)
Santenay (r&w), Maranges (r&w)
What is the only white producing Grand Cru in the Côte de Nuits; in what commune does it reside?
Musigny; Chambolle-Musigny.
What is the only red producing Grand Cru in the Côte de Beaune, in what commune does it reside?
Le Corton; Ladoix, Pernand-Vergelesses, Aloxe-Corton.
Côte Chalonnaise villages crus (communes) and whether it produces red, white, or both.
Rully(r&w), Bouzeron (w), Mercurey(r&w), Givry(r&w), Montagny(w).
Name the best Chablis Premier Cru.
Of the 17 premiers crus, Montee de Tonnerre is the best; one of its lieux-dits, Chapelot, is considered by many to be equivalent of a GC. Cote de Lechet, Les Forets, Fourchaume, Mont de Millieu, and Vaillons vie for 2nd place.
Name five noteworthy Chablis producers.
Domaine René et Vincent Dauvissat, Domaine François et Jean-Marie Raveneau, Domaine Billaud-Simon, Domaine Jean-Paul Droin, Domaine Louis Michel et Fils, La Chablisienne, Domaine LaRoche.
Name 4 major Maconnais AC's and whether they are r/w/rose.
Maconnais AC-r/w/r; Macon-Village AC -white only; Pouilly-Fuissé -white only, Saint-Véran AC -white only.
List the Beaujolais Crus.
Brouilly, Cote de Brouilly, Chenas, Chiroubles, Fleurie, Juliénas, Morgon, Moulin-a-Vent, Régnié, St.-Amour.
Red, white, rosé?

-Cru Beaujolais
-Beaujolais Supérieur
-Beaujolais Villages
-Beaujolais Nouveau
Cru Beaujolais- red only.
Others may produce red, white, and rosé.
What type of soils in Beaujolais?
Northern (Haut), where the cru are, is granite-based, with schistous topsoils or comprised of decomposed granite mixed with sand and clay. Southern (Bas) is essentially limestone-based.
What is used in Chablis to prevent frost damage?
Aspersion, smudge pots.
What are the Chablis AC's from lowest to highest?
Petit Chablis AC, Chablis AC, Premier Cru AC (40), Grand Cru AC (7)
What wines (red, white) do Cote-de-Nuits Villages and Cote-de-Beaune Village produce?
CdN Village is (r/w), CdB Villages is red only.
What is the soil of the Cote de Nuits?
Subsoil of sandy-limestone, which is exposed in places but usually covered by a chalky scree mixed with marl and clay on higher slopes and rich alluvial deposits on lower slopes.
What is the soil of the Cote de Beaune?
Limestone subsoil with sporadic beds of oolitic ironstones with flinty clay and calcareous topsoils.
What is soil like generally in Burgundy?
Consistent limestone base. Generally, limestone for Chardonnay, Clay, iron and marl for Pinot Noir, granite for Gamay.
What is the soil of the Cote Chalonnaise?
Limestone subsoil with clay-sand topsoils that have occasional iron deposits.
What is the soil of the Maconnais?
Limestone subsoil, topsoil of scree and alluvium, or clay and clay-sand.
List the Grand Crus of the Côte de Beaune
Le Montrachet

What is the AC structure in Chablis? Also, max yields for each, min. abv.
Petit Chablis AC (60 hl/ha, 10-13%abv)
Chablis AC (60 hl/ha, 10-13% abv)
Premier Cru AC (58 hl/ha, 10.5-13.5% abv)
Grand Cru AC (54 hl/ha, 11-13.5% abv)
Irancy AC
In the Yonne Département situated just southwest of Chablis.

Red wine only from primarily Pinot Noir, with a max 10% César and Pinot Gris. Min 10.5% abv, max 45 hL/ha.
Chitry AC
A commune just southwest of Chablis, in the Yonne département. Reds and whites from standard Bourgogne AC grapes. Many of its whites go to make Crémant, at the Cave de Bailly.
Saint-Bris AC
In the Yonne département, just south of Chablis, immediately south of Chitry.

Whites made from Sauvignon Blanc and Sauvignon Gris.

Min 10% abv, max 58 hL/ha.

Formerly Sauvignon De Saint-Bris VDQS, upgraded in 2003.
Soil types in Chablis
-(Fossil name?)
This area is predominantly calcareous clay, and has two major soil types, Kimmeridgian and Portlandian. Kimmeridgian, which is found only in Chablis and the Bay of Kimmeridge, England, is a sticky mixture of clay and limestone, w/ a high proportion of fossilized oyster shells (Exogyra virgula). Portlandian soil is a layer found covering the Kimmeridgian in places. This layer is high in calcium, but with little clay and fossils, and is regarded as not having the same complexity. All Grand Crus are on Kimmeridgian.
List six Chablis Premier Crus.
Best is Montée de Tonnerre (one of its lieux-dits is considered Grand Cru level).

Côte de Léchet
Lês Forets (a climat within Montmains)
Mont de Milieu
Climate of Chablis.
Semi-Continental, no maritime influence, winters are long and harsh; humid springs; summers are often fairly hot. High vintage variability. Hail storms and spring frosts are the greatest hazards.
Grand Cru and important Premier Cru of Marsannay.
No Premier or Grand Cru.
Grand Cru and important Premier Cru of Fixin.
No Grand Cru; best 1er Crus are Clos du Chapitre and La Perrière.
Grand Cru and 3 important Premier Cru of Gevrey-Chambertin.
Most GC and P.C. of any commune.

Grand Cru (9):

Chambertin-Clos de Bèze

Best Premier Crus are Les Cazetières, Clos St. Jacques (considered Grand Cru level by most); Combes au Moins.
Grand Cru and important Premier Cru of Morey-St-Denis.
Grand Cru (5):
Bonnes-Mares (part)
Clos des Lambrays
Clos de la Roche
Clos St-Denis
Clos de Tart

Notable Premier Cru:
Clos des Ormes
Clos Sorbe
Les Sorbes
Grand Cru and 2 important Premier Cru of Chambolle-Musigny.
Grand Cru (2):
Bonnes-Mares (part)

Best Premier Cru:
Les Amoureuses*
Les Charmes
Grand Cru and important Premier Cru of Vougeot.
Grand Cru: Clos de Vougeot
Best Premier Crus are Les Cras, Clos de la Perrière, Les Petits Vougeots, La Vigne Blanche.
Grand Cru and 5 important Premier Cru of Vosne-Romanée.
Grand Cru (6):
la Romanée
la Romanée-Conti
la Tâche

(and in the commune of Flagey-Échézeaux: Échezeaux, Grands-Échézeaux.)

Best Premiers Crus are:
Les Brûlées
Cros Parantoux
Les Petits-Monts
Les Suchots
Les Beaumonts (e.g. Les Beaux Monts Hauts et Bas)
Grand Cru and 4 important Premier Cru of Nuits-St-George.
Grand Cru: None
Premier Crus:

-Clos de la Maréchale (monopole)
-La Perrière (Gouges white)
-Les St. Georges
Grand Cru and 3 Premier Cru of Pernand-Vergelesses.
Grand Cru (2):
Corton (part)
Corton-Charlemagne (part)

Best Premier Crus:
-Iles de Vergelesses
-En Caradeux
-Les Fichots.
Grand Cru and important Premier Cru of Ladoix.
Grand Cru (2):
Corton (part)
Corton-Charlemagne (part)

Best Premier Crus: Ladoix-Serrigny, Hautes Mourottes, Rognet et Corton.
Grand Cru and 4 important Premier Cru of Aloxe-Corton.
Grand Cru (2):
Corton (part)
Corton-Charlemagne (part)

Best Premier Crus:
-Les Fournières
-Les Maréchaudes
-Les Paulands
-Les Valozières
Grand Cru and important Premier Cru of Chorey-Lès-Beaune.
Grand Cru: none.
Premier Cru: none.
Grand Cru and 5 important Premier Cru of Savigny-Lès-Beaune.
Grand Cru: none.
Best Premier Crus:
-La Dominode
-Les Lavières
-Les Marconnets
-Aux Guettes
-Aux Vergelesses
Grand Cru and important Premier Cru of Beaune.
Grand Cru: none.
Best Premier Crus:
-Les Aigrots
-Les Grèves
-Clos des Mouches
-Clos du Roi
-Les Vignes Franches (or Clos des Ursules)
Grand Cru and important Premier Cru of Pommard.
Grand Cru: none.
Best Premier Crus:

-Les Epenots
-Les Rugiens
List the Grand Cru and 6 important Premier Cru of Volnay.
Grand Cru: none.
Best Premier Crus:
-Bousse d'Or
-Clos des Chêne
-Clos de Ducs
-Clos des 60 Ouvrées
-En Champans
Grand Cru and important Premier Cru of Monthelie.
Grand Cru: none.
Best Premier Crus: Les Duresses, Les Riottes.
Grand Cru and 5 important Premier Cru of Meursault.
Grand Cru: none.
Best Premier Crus:
-Les Charmes
-Les Genevrières
-Les Gouttes d'Or
-Les Perrières
-Le Porusot
Grand Cru and important Premier Cru of Auxey-Duresses.
Grand Cru: none.
Best Premier Crus: Climat du Val, Les Duresses.
Grand Cru and important Premier Cru of St-Romain.
Grand Cru: none.
Premiers Cru: none.
Grand Cru and important Premier Cru of Puligny-Montrachet.
Grand Cru (4):

Bâtard-Montrachet (part)
le Montrachet (part)

Best Premier Crus: Les Caillerets (or Demoiselles), Les Combettes, Les Folatières, La Garenne, and Les Pucelles.
Grand Cru and important Premier Cru of St-Aubin.
Grand Cru: none.
Best Premier Crus: les Frionnes, Les Murgers des Dents de Chien, followed by La Chatenière, les Castets, En Remilly, and Le Charmois.
Grand Cru and important Premier Cru of Chassagne-Montrachet.
Grand Cru (3):
Bâtard-Montrachet (part)
le Montrachet (part)

Best Premier Crus: Les Caillerets, Les Embrazées, Morgeot, Les Grandes Ruchottes, Les Vergers.
Grand Cru and important Premier Cru of Santenay.
Grand Cru: none.
Best Premier Cru: La Comme Dessus, Les Gravières, La Maladière, Clos de Tavannes.
Grand Cru and important Premier Cru of Maranges.
Grand Cru: none.
Best Premier Crus: La Fussière, Clos des Loyères.
Côte-de-Nuits Villages AC.
Most red, whites are rare. These wines are produced in one or more of five communes: Fixin and Brochon in the north, and Comblanchien, Corgoloin, and Prissy in the south.
Côte de Beaune-Villages AC.
Red wine only. Can come from any one, or any combination of 14 communal ACs. The best villages of the Beaune--Aloxe-Corton, Beaune, Pommard, and Volnay--may not use this AC.
Côte de Beaune AC.
Red and white. This AC is for wines from vineyards in the commune of Beaune judged not good enough to be called Beaune. They are generally higher, and so ripen later.
Grand Cru and important Premier Cru of Blagny.
Grand Cru: none.
Premier Cru: La Garenne, Hameau de Blagny, Sous Blagny

Remember that Blagny is for reds only; whites produced in Blagny vineyards fall under the Meursault AC as Meursault-Blagny.
What divides the Côte de Nuits and the Côte de Beaune?
The marble quarries at Corgoloin and Comblanchien.
AC structure in the Burgundy?
•Regional AC
•District AC
•Commune AC
•Premier Cru
•Grand Cru
Bourgogne Hautes Cotes de Nuits AC vs. Bourgogne Hautes Cotes de Beaune AC.
The Haute Cotes are vineyards separate from, and generally west of, their counterparts. While geologically similar, have an average vineyard height 100m higher, this increasing difficulty in ripening.
What is Fermage?
Simple rental agreement with the tenant paying in cash, after which they are free, but responsible for all expenses.
What is Métayage?
Share-cropping agreement. The landlord usually continues to pay the capital costs (replanting, etc) and is compensated by a portion (normally half) of the fruit. The tenant could render his share in grapes, or go as far as making the wine and selling it (bulk or bottle) on his landlord’s behalf.
Climate of the Côte d'Or?
Semi-continental climate with minimal Atlantic influence, which results in a long, cold winter, a humid spring, and a fairly hot, very sunny summer. Hail is its greatest natural hazard and heavy rain is often responsible for diluting the wines and causing rampant rot.
La Bise
Burgundy's dry, cool wind that blows in from the north in the late summer/early fall, saving countless vintages.
Soil types in Burgundy
Consistent limestone base. Generally, limestone for Chardonnay; Clay, iron, and marl for Pinot Noir; granite for Gamay.
General vine training in Burgundy
Trained low on wires, Guyot method (cane-pruned). High-trained vines in the Hautes Côtes. Gobelet in Beaujolais
Bouzeron AC
In the Côte Chalonnaise.
North of Rully. White only from 100% Aligoté.
Rully AC
In the Côte Chalonnaise.
South of Bouzeron, north of Mercurey. Red and white. Too many (19!) Premier Cru.
Mercurey AC
In the Côte Chalonnaise. South of Rully, north of Givry. Red and white. The most respected commune in the Côte Chalonnaise. Produces almost as much wine as Rully, Givry, and Montagny combined.
Givry AC
In the Côte Chalonnaise. Red and white. North of Montagny, South of Mercurey.
Montagny AC
In the Côte Chalonnaise. South of Givry; the furthest south of the Côte Chalonnaise ACs. White wines only. Formerly all Premier Cru, as long as they met the min 11.5% abv requirement, now 53 hillside plots are registered as P.C.
St.-Véran AC
In the Mâconnais. Encompasses the villages of Saint-Vérand, Chânes, Chasselas, Davayé, Leynes, and Prissé. Located next to Pouilly-Fuissé, this appellation overlaps the Mâconnais and Beaujolais district, and is itself bisected by the Pouilly-Fuissé AOC. Whites only from Chardonnay; style is similar to Pouilly-Fuissé.
Pouilly-Fuissé AC
Finest AC of the Mâconnais. No 1er crus, but individual climat may be indicated on the label. Wave-shaped limestone hills, rich in alkaline clay.
Villages of Pouilly-Fuissé
Pouilly-Fuissé satellite appellations
Pouilly-Loché AC
Pouilly-Vinzelles AC
Best vintages in Burgundy since 1970.
1971, 1975, 1989, 1990, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2002, 2005.
"Historic" Burgundy vintages since 1900.
1906, 1911, 1915, 1919, 1929, 1937, 1945, 1949, 1952, 1959, 1969, 1985, 1990, 1995, 1999, 2005
Bourgogne AC
White-Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, min. 10.5-13.5% abv, 60 hl/ha

Red-Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris (aka Beurot), Pinot Liébault (plus César and Tressot in the Yonne), plus a max. 15% Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, or Pinot Gris. 10-13% abv, 55 hl/ha.

Rosé-Same as red grapes
Bourgogne Aligoté AC
Whites from Aligoté and a max of 15% Chardonnay

The finest Bourgogne-Aligoté comes from the village of Bouzeron in the Cote Chalonnaise, which also has its own AC.
Bourgogne Mousseux AC
Limited to, and the only outlet for, sparkling red Burgundy. Fairly sweet, usual red grapes allowed.
Bourgogne Grand-Ordinaire AC
Red, white, rosé. An inferior AC, rarely encountered. Reds usually Gamay.
Bourgogne Passe-Tout-Grains AC
Red and Rosé only, from Gamay plus a minimum 1/3 Pinot Noir and a combined max of 15% Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc, and Pinot Gris.

9.5-12.5% abv
Crémant de Bourgogne AC
Created in 1975 to supersede the Bourgogne Mousseux AC. Sparkling whites and rosés. Produced primarily in the Yonne, Mercurey, and Maconnais.

Whites and Rosés-Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc, Chardonnay, Aligoté, Melon de Bourgogne, Sacy, and max 20% Gamay.
Bourgogne Cote Saint-Jacques AC
Bourgognes Cotes D'Auxerre AC
Bourgogne Coulanges-la-Vineuse AC
Bourgogne Épineuil AC
Bourgogne Vézelay AC
Bourgogne Cote Saint-Jacques AC- White and red near Joigny, NW of Chablis on the (right bank?) of the Yonne River. Vineyards owned by a Michelin-starred restaurant.

Bourgogne Cotes D'Auxerre AC- White and red grown near St. Bris (actually across the Yonne river on the left bank), SW of Chablis.

Bourgogne Coulanges-la-Vineuse AC- SW of Irancy and Saint-Bris. Reds and whites from PN & Chard.

Bourgogne Épineuil AC- White and red from Épineuil, west of Tonnerre, NE of Chablis.
Bourgogne Cote Chalonnaise AC
Red, white, rosé
Reds & rosés- Pinot Noir, Pinot Liébault, Pinot Gris
Whites-Chardonnay, Pinot Blanc
Bouzeron AC
Whites only. Full village status in 1998. 100% Aligoté
Viré-Clessé AC
Created in 1999 by combining Macon-Viré and Macon-Clessé subappellations, recognizing them above those of Macon-Villages.

Whites only from Chardonnay.
Coteaux du Lyonnais AC
South of Beaujolais, North of Lyon. Not part of Beaujolais or Burgundy at all, but part of the Rhône.

Reds, whites, rosés

Reds & rosés from Gamay
Whites from Chardonnay and Aligoté
Yields: Burgundy AC, Hautes Cotes, Village, Grand Cru
Burgundy AC: r/r-55 hl/ha w-60 hl/ha
Hautes Cotes: r/r-50 hl/ha w-55 hl/ha
Village: r- 40 hl/ha w/r-45 hl/ha
Grand Cru: r-35 hl/ha w-40 hl/ha
Bourgogne Cote Saint-Jacques AC
Bourgogne Coulanges-la-Vineuse AC
VDQS pt. 1:
-Bugey Mousseux
-Bugey Pétillant
-Bugey Mousseux:
-Bugey Pétillant:
VDQS pt. 2:
-Coteaux d'Ancenis
-Coteaux du Quercy
-Côtes d'Auvergne
-Coteaux d'Ancenis:
-Coteaux du Quercy:
-Côtes d'Auvergne:
VDQS, pt. 3
-Côtes de Millau
-Côtes du Brulhois
-Côtes de Millau
-Côtes du Brulhois
VDQS, pt. 4
-Fiefs Vendeens
-Gros Plants du Pays Nantais
-Fiefs Vendeens:
-Gros Plants du Pays Nantais:
VDQS, pt. 5
-Roussette du Bugey
-Roussette du Bugey:
VDQS, pt. 6
-Vins d'Entraygues et du Fel
-Vins d'Estaing
-Vin du Thouarsais
-Vins d'Entraygues et du Fel:
-Vins d'Estaing:
-Vin du Thouarsais: