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37 Cards in this Set

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Asepsis
Process of preventing the access of micro-organisms
Automated Washer Processor
Washer, sterilizer, dishwasher, or other mechanical washing device
Barrier Technique
The use of rubber, plastic, paper, foil, or other fluid resistant materials to cover surfaces and protect them from contamination
Bioburden
The number of micro-organisms contaminating an object.
AKA bioload/microbial load
Biological Monitor
Bacterial endospore test
Assess if sterlization has occured
AKA Biological indicator or Biological spore test
Diagnostic test of a prevacuum sterilizer ability to remove air from chamber
Bowie-Dick Test
What is Chemical Disenfection?
Destruction or inhibition of most viruses and bacteria
Chemical dyes use to tell if sterlization is met
AKA chemical monitor, Dosage indicator, or process indicator
Chemical Indicator
Define Bloodborne Pathogens.
Pathogenic micro-organisms that are present in human blood and capable of causing disease in humans.
The propagation and growth of micro-organisms or living tissue cells in or on a nutrient medium.
Culture
Define Contaminated.
The presence or reasonably expected presence of blood or other potentially infectious material on an item or surface.
What are the three dental item classifications?
Critical, Semicritical, Noncritical
Instruments and materials that penetrate skin, mucous membranes, or bone.
Ex: surgical instruments, suture needles
Critical Items
Instruments, equipment, or materials that frequently contact mucous membrane but cannot be sterilized due to their design or inablility to withstand heat.
Ex: x-ray positioning devices, plastic impression trays
Semicritical Items
Instruments, equipment, or materials that do not normally penetrate or contact mucous membranes but which are exposed to splatter, spray, or splashing of blood, or are touched by contaminated hands.
Ex: dental unit and chair
Noncritical Items
This Dental Item Classification requires high-level disinfection.
Semicritical Items
This Dental Item Classification requires intermediate-level disinfection.
Noncritical Items
This Dental Item Classification requires items to be sterile before use.
Critical Items
Define Engineering Controls.
Equipment or methods which isolate or remove bloodborne pathogens from the workplace.
What are Infectious Microorganisms?
Organisms capable of producing disease in appropriate hosts.
What is defined as liquid or semi-liquid blood or other potentially infectious materials?
Infectious Waste
Define Invasive Procedure.
A surgical entry into the tissues, cavities, organs or repair of major traumatic injuries.
Micro-organisms include?
Bacteria, fungi, viruses, and bacterial spores
This is defined as an infection originating in the environment of a hospital or freestanding dental treatment facility (DTF).
Nosocomial Infection
Define Saturated Steam Sterilization.
A process which uses steam heat under pressure for sufficient length of time to kill all forms of micro-organisms.
This is defined as an acceptable method of cleaning and disinfecting.
Spray-Wipe-Spray
What is the process which destroys all types and forms of micro-organisms.
Sterilization
_____ and _____ will appoint, in writing, an ICO tasked with overall local program development, implentation, and management.
COs, OICs
Who is charged with establishing a medical surveillance program?
Command ICO
As a minimum, all personnel will receive initial training within _____ days of reporting onboard and at least _______ thereafter.
90, annually
Commands must document infection control training sessions and maintain these records for at least _______?
Three years
Approximately _____ of patients with HIV or HBV show no symptoms and may be unaware of their infectious disease state.
80%
Since aerosol particles can remain airborne long after a procedure is completed, staff and patients must not _______in DTRs?
eat or drink
At the beginning of each workday, personnel must _____ each of the unit water lines and hoses for at least _____.
flush, one minute
Having patients perform three 10 second rinses before an exam will temporarily reduce a patient's microbial count by up to ________.
97 percent
Using opened, properly decanted irrigation solutions is acceptable for up to ______ for nonsurgical use. When used for surgical procedures, how long is it considered sterile?
1 week nonsurgical
1 day surgical
Contaminated laundry must be in wash cycle of at least _____ minutes with a water temperature of at least ______.
25, 160 degrees F