Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/423

Click to flip

423 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-er, -ist
one who
-iatrician
practitioner
-logist
one who studies; specialist
-ac, -al, -ic, -logic, -logical
pertaining to
-iatrics, -iatry
medical profession or treatment
-logy
study or science of
cardi(o)
heart
crin(o)
to secrete
dermat(o)
skin
esthesi(o)
feeling or sensation
gastr(o), enter(o)
stomach, intestines
ger(a), ger(o), geront(o)
elderly
gynec(o)
female
immun(o)
immune
ne(o), nat(o)
new, birth
neur(o)
nerve
obstetr(o)
midwife
onc(o)
tumor
ophthalm(o)
eye
orth(o), ped(o)
straight, child or foot
ot(o), laryng(o)
ear, larynx
path(o)
disease
ped(o)
child or foot
psych(o)
mind
radi(o)
radiant energy
rheumat(o)
rheumatism
rhin(o)
nose
ur(o)
urinary tract, urine
bi(o)
life or living
dent(i), dent(o), odont(o)
tooth
opt(o), optic(o)
vision
or(o)
mouth
pharmac(o)
drugs
therapeut(o)
treatment
an-
no, not, without
endo-
inside
-crine
secrete
-centesis
surgical puncture to aspirate fluid
-ectomy
excision
-lysis
loosening, freeing, or destroying
-pexy
surgical fixation
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhapy
suture
-scope
instrument used for viewing
-scopy
visual exam with lighted instrument
-stomy
formation of an opening
-tome
an instrument for cutting
-tomy
incision
-tripsy
surgical crushing
aden(o)
gland
angi(o)
vessel
append(o), appendic(o)
appendix
blephar(o)
eyelid
cerebr(o), encephal(o)
brain (cerebrum)
chir(o)
hand
col(o), colon(o)
colon or L.I.
cutane(o), derm(a), dermat(o)
skin
mamm(o), mast(o)
breast
nephr(o), ren(o)
kidney
oste(o)
bone
tonsill(o)
tonsil
vas(o)
vessel; ductus deferens
-algia, -dynia
pain
-ectasia, -ectasis
dilation or stretching
-edema
swelling
-emesis
to vomit
-malacia
softening
-penia
deficiency
-oid
resembling
-rrhage, -rrhagia
excessive bleeding
-rrhea
flow or discharge
-rrhexis
rupture
-spasm
twitching, cramp
-stasis
stopping, controlling
-gram
a record
-graph
an instrument used to record
-graphy
the process of recording
-scope
instrument used for viewing
-scopy
visual exam
ech(o), son(o)
sound
electr(o)
electricity
fluor(o)
emitting or reflecting light
radi(o)
radiant energy
tom(o)
to cut
ultra-
excessive
cancer(o), carcin(o)
cancer
onc(o)
tumor
path(o)
disease
-cele
hernia
-emia
condition of the blood
-ia, -iasis, -osis
condition
-itis
inflammation
-lith
stone or calculus
-mania
excessive preoccupation
-maniac
a person who shows mania
-oma
tumor
-pathy
disease
-phobia
abnormal fear
-ptosis
prolapse
-able, -ible
capable of, able to
-al, -ary, -eal, -ive, -tic
pertaining to
-ase
enzyme
-eum, -ium
membrane
-ia, -ism
condition or theory
-iac
one who suffers
-opia
vision
-ose
sugar
-ous
pertaining to or characterized by
-y
state or condition
cyt(o), -cyte
cell
gen(o), -genic, -genesis
genic= produced by or in
gensis= producing or forming
kinesi(o), -kinesia, -kinesis
movement
leps(o), -lepsy
seizure
log(o), -logy
knowledge or words
lys(o), -lysin, -lysis, -lytic
lysin= that which destroys
lysis= process of destroying
lytic= capable of destroying
megal(o), -megaly
enlargement
metr(o), -meter, -metry
measure, uterine tissue
phag(o), -phagia, -phagic, -phagy
eat, ingest
phas(o), -phasia
speech
plas(o), -plasia
formation, development
pleg(o), -plegia
paralysis
schis(o), schiz(o), schist(o), -schisis
split, cleft
scler(o), -sclerosis
hardening
scop(o), -scope, -scopy
examine, view
troph(o), -trophic, -trophy
nutrition
alb(o), albin(o), leuk(o), leuc(o)
white
chlor(o)
green
cyan(o)
blue
erythr(o)
red
melan(o)
black
xanth(o)
yellow
hist(o)
tissue
muscul(o), my(o)
muscle
nas(o), rhin(o)
nose
ne(o)
new
pod(o)
foot
pyr(o)
fire
therm(o)
heat
algesi(o)
sensitivity to pain
chem(o)
chemical
narc(o)
stupor
pharmac(o), pharmaceut(i)
drugs
therapeut(o)
treatment
tox(o), toxic(o)
poison
-therapy
treatment
ab-
away from
ad-
toward
ante-, pre-
before in time or place
circum-, peri-
around
inter-
between
intra-
within
ipsi-
same
meso-, mid-, medio-
middle
dia-
through
ecto-, ex-, exo-, extra-
out, without, away from
en-, end-, endo-
inside
epi-
above, on
para-
near, beside, abnormal
per-
through or by
post-
after, behind
retro-
behind, backward
super-, supra-
above, beyond
sym-, syn-
joined together
trans-
across
a-, an-
no, not, without
in-
inside, not
ante-, pre-, pro-
before
anti-, contra-
against
brady-
slow
tachy-
fast
dys-
bad, difficult
eu-
good, normal
mal-
bad
pro-
favoring, supporting
multi-, poly-
many
nulli-
none
pan-
all
primi-
first
super-, ultra-
excessive
diplo-
double
hemi-. semi-
half, partly
hyper-
excessive, more than normal
hypo-
below normal
epiglott(o)
epiglottis
laryng(o)
larynx
palat(o)
palate
pharyng(o)
pharynx
alveol(o)
alveoli
bronch(o), bronchi(o)
bronchi
bronchiol(o)
bronchioles
lob(o)
lobe
phren(o)
diaphragm or mind
pleur(o)
pleura
pneum(o)
lungs or air
pneumon(o), pulm(o), pulmon(o)
lungs
thorac(o)
chest
trache(o)
trachea
acid(o)
acid
alkal(o)
alkaline, base
-capnia
carbon dioxide
ox(i)
oxygen
phas(o)
speech
phon(o)
voice
spir(o)
to breathe
anthrac(o)
coal
atel(o)
imperfect or incomplete
coni(o)
dust
embol(o)
embolus
fibr(o)
fiber or fibrous
thromb(o)
thrombus
meta-
change; next, as in a series
-ation
process
-pnea
breathing
-ptysis
spitting
-stenosis
narrowing
amyl(o)
starch
bil(i), chol(e)
bile or gall
glyc(o)
sugar
lact(o)
milk
lip(o)
fats
prote(o)
protein
-dipsia
thirst
-orexia
appetite
-pepsia
digestion
-stalsis
contraction
or(o), stomat(o)
mouth
esophag(o)
esophagus
gastr(o)
stomach
enter(o)
S.I.
duoden(o)
duodenum
jejun(o)
jejunum
ile(o)
ileum
col(o), colon(o)
L.I.
rect(o)
rectum
an(o)
anus
cholecyst(o)
gallbladder
choledoch(o)
common bile duct
hepat(o)
liver
pancreat(o)
pancreas
sialaden(o)
salivary glands
bucc(o)
cheek
cheil(o)
lip
gingiv(o)
gums
gloss(o), lingu(o)
tongue
mandibul(o)
mandiblr
maxill(o)
maxilla
sial(o)
saliva, salivary glands
pylor(o)
pylorus
vag(o)
vagus nerve
append(o), appendic(o)
appendix
cec(o)
cecum
proct(o)
anus, rectum
sigmoid(o)
sigmoid colon
diverticul(o)
diverticula
-uria
urine or urination
cyst(o)
bladder
ureter(o)
ureter
urethr(o)
urethra
vesic(o)
bladder or blister
glomerul(o)
glomerulus
pyel(o)
renal pelvis
gon(o)
genitals or reproduction
thromb(o)
thrombus
urin(o)
urine
albumin(oo)
albumin
glyc(o), glycos(o)
sugar
ket(o), keton(o)
ketone bodies
prote(o), protein(o)
protein
noct(i), nyct(o)
night
olig(o)
few, scanty
cervic(o)
neck; uterine cervix
colp(o), vagin(o)
vagina
genit(o)
organs of reproduction
hyster(o), uter(o)
uterus
metr(o)
measure; uterine tissue
oophor(o), ovari(o)
ovary
perine(o)
perineum
salping(o)
fallopian tube
vulv(o)
vulva
lapar(o)
abdominal wall
men(o)
month
o(o)
egg(ovum)
top(o)
place or position
-tropin
that which stimulates
balan(o)
glans penis
epididym(o)
epididymis
orchi(o), orchid(o), test(o), testicul(o)
testicle
pen(o)
penis
prostat(o)
prostate
scrot(o)
scrotum
vas(o)
vessel; ductus deferens
rect(o)
rectum
semin(o)
semen
sperm(o), spermat(o)
spermatozoa
urethr(o)
urethra
crypt(o)
hidden
olig(o)
few
varic(o)
twisted and swollen
amni(o)
amnion
chori(o)
chorion
fet(o)
fetus
gonad(o)
gonad
-blast
embryonic or immature
nat(o)
birth
par(o)
bearing offspring
pseudo-
false
-cyesis
pregnancy
-gravida
pregnant female
-para
woman who ahs given birth
-tropin
that which stimulates
blast(o), -blast
embryonic form
myel(o)
bone marrow or spinal cord
cost(o)
costae/ribs
crani(o)
cranium/skull
rach(i), rachi(o), spin(o)
spinal column/backbone
spondyl(o), vertebr(o)
vertebrae/bones of spine
stern(o)
sternum/breastbone
cervic(o)
cervical
thorac(o)
thoracic
lumb(o)
lumbar
sacr(o)
sacral
coccyg(o)
coccygeal
clavicul(o)
clavicle/collarbone
scapul(o)
scapula/shoulder blade
ili(o)
ilium
ischi(o)
ischium
pub(o)
pubis
carp(o)
carpus/wrist
humer(o)
humerus/upper arm bone
phalang(o)
phalanges/finger
radi(o)
radius/bone of forearm
uln(o)
ulna/bone of forearm
calcane(o)
calcaneus/heel bone
femor(o)
femur/thigh bone
fibul(o)
fibula/calf bone
patell(o)
patella/kneecap
phalang(o)
phalanges/toe
tars(o)
tarsus/ankle
tibi(o)
tibia/shin bone
arthr(o), articul(o)
joint; articulation
burs(o)
bursa
chondr(o)
cartilage
synov(o), synovi(o)
synovial membrane
ten(o), tend(o), tendin(o)
tendon
fasci(o)
fascia
muscul(o), my(o)
muscle
ankyl(o)
stiff
troph(o)
nutrition
-asthenia
weakness
-sarcoma
malignant tumor from connective tissue
-clasia
break
-desis
binding;fusion
nervous/neural
pertaining to a nerve
dendro
tree
glio
neuroglia or a sticky stubstance
nervo, neuro
nerve
cerebello
cerebellum
cerebro, encephalo
brain (cerebr[o] sometimes means cerebrum)
myelo
spinal cord (sometimes, mone marrow)
meningo, meningi
meninges
arachno
spider or arachnoid (a meningeal membrane)
intrethecal
within a sheath
mechano
mechanical
noci
cause harm, injruy, or pain
photo
light
thermo
heat
iro, irido
iris
kerato
cornea;hard, horny
oculo, opthalmo
eye
dacryo, lacrimo
tear
opto, optic
vision
lacrimation
refers to crying, the produciton and discharge of tears
audio
hearing
oto
ear
pseudo
false
-asthenia
weakness
carpoptosis
wristdrop
dacryolith

dacryolithiasis
tear stone

presence of lacrimal calculi
dacryocystitis
inflammation of the lacrimal sac
tinnitus
ringing in the ear
mento, psycho
mind
phreno
mind or diaphragm
nervous/neural
pertaining to a nerve
idio
individual
adipo, lipo
fat
kerato
horny or cornea
-derm
skin or germ layer
hidro
sweat
onycho, unguo
nail
pilo, tricho
hair
sebo
sebum
axillo
axilla (armpit)
cryo
cold
erythemato
erythema or redness
helio
sun
folliculo
follicle
ichthyo
fish
necro
dead or death
rhytido
wrinkle
sepso, septo
infection
xero
dry
-phoresis
transmission
gonado
gonad
mammo, masto
breast
pancreato
pancreas
parathyroido
parathyroid glands
pituitaro
pituitary gland
thyro, thyroido
thyroid gland
andro
male
calci
calcium
giganto
large
gluco
glucose
glyco, glycoso
sugar
insulino
insulin
iodo
iodine
keto
ketone
lacto
milk
tropo
to stimulate
-dipsia
thirst
-physis
growth
-tropic
stimulating
-tropin
that which stimulates
somatotropin
hormone that stimulates growth