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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anatomical position
person standing with feel flat on the floor, arms at their side and palms and eyes facing forward
facing up or forward
facing down or backwards
sagittal plane
cut down the center of the body cutting into left and right portions
midsagittal plane
passing through the midline of the body and divides into EQUAL left and right halves
frontal plane (coronal)
cutting through the center of the body dividing into the front and back (anterior) and (posterior)
transverse plane (horizontal)
cutting through the middle of the body dividing it into upper and lower parts. (superior) and (inferior)
axial region
consists of the head, cervical region (neck) and the trunk.
divided into the thoractic region (chest) and the abdominal region
appendicualr region
consists of the upper limbs and lower limbs
upper limbs
consist of the brachium (arm) antebrachium (forearm) carpus (wrist) manus(hand) and digits (fingers)
lower limbs
consist of the thigh, crus (leg) tarsus (ankle) pes (foot) and digits (toes)
organs within the dorsal and ventral body cavities
dorsal body cavity
lined by three membrane layers called the meninges. Consists of the cranial cavity and the vertebral canal
ventral body cavity
sectioned off by the diaphragm into a superior thoractic cavity and inferior abdominal cavity
serous membrane
secrete a lubricating film of moisture similar to blood serum
Thoractic cavity
divided into right, left and medial portions by a partition called the mediastinum
two-layered membrane lining the lungs
pleural cavity
the space between the visceral and parietal pleurae and is lubricated by pleural fluid
two-layered membrane enclosing the heart
pericardial cavity
separates the hearts surface from the perietal pericardium and is lubricated by the pericardial fluid
abdominal cavity
contains most of the digestive organs, spleen, kidneys, and ureters
pelvic cavity
contains the distal part of the large intestine, urniary bladder, uretha, and the reproductive organs
serous membrane found in the abdominopelvic cavity
peritoneal cavity
the space between the parietal and visceral layers and is lubricated by peritineal fluid
lay against the dorsal body wall and are covered by peritoneum only on the side facing the peritoneal cavity; kidneys, ureters, adrenal glands, most of pancreas, abdominal portions of two major blood vessels- the aorta and inferior vena cava
organs that are encircled by peritoneum and connected to the dorsal body wall by sheets
translucent pertioneal sheets; intestines are suspended from the dorsal abdominal wall by these
moist membrane that is formed by the wraping of the peritoneum around the intestines
mesentry of the large intestine
greater omentum
fatty membrane that hangs from the inferolateral margin of the stomach and overlies the intestines
lesser omentum
extends from the superomedial border of the stomach to the liver