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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anatomy
the study of the structure of the human body
physiology
the study of function
functional morphology
the functional reasons behinf the structure of organs
gross anatomy
the study of structure visible to the naked eye
surface anatomy
the external structure of the body
systematic anatomy
the study of one organ system at a time and is the approach taken by most intro texts.
regional anatomy
the study of multiple organ systems at once in a given region of the body; the head of chest
microscopic anatomy
taken tissue specimens, thinly sliced and stained to observe under a microscope
histopathology
the microscopic examination of tissues for signs of disease.
cytology
the study of the structure and function of individual cells
ultrastructure
the fine detail down to the molecular level that is revealed by the electron microscope
comparative anatomy
the study of more than one species in order to learn generalizations and evolutionary trends.
inspection
looking at the body's appearance
palpation
feeling a structure with the hands
auscultation
listening to the natural sounds made by the body; the heart and lungs
percussion
tapping on the body and feeling for abnormal resistance and listening to the emitted sound for signs of abnormalities; pockets of fluid or air
dissection
careful cutting and separation of tissues to reveal their relationships
cadaver
dead human body
exploratory surgery
opening the body and taking a look inside to see what was wrong and what could be done about it
medical imaging
methods of viewing the inside of the body without surgery
radiology
branch of medicine concerned with imaging
radiography
the process of photographing internal structures with X-rays
angiography
examination of blood vessels
sonography
hand-held device held firmly against the skin and produces high ultrasound waves and recieves the signals reflected back from the internal organs
echocardiography
sonographic examination of the beating heart
computed tomography (CT)
a ring-shaped machine in which a person is moved through that emits low-intensity X-rays on one side
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
can see clearly through the skull and vertebral column to produce images of the nervous tissue
fMRI
visualizes moment to moment changes in tissue function
positron emission tomography (PET)
used to assess the metabolic state of a tissue and to distinguish which tissues are most active at a given moment
nuclear medicine
the use of radioisotopes to treat disease or to form diagnostic images of the body
organism
single, complete individual
organ system
group of organs that carry out a basic function of the organism; circulation, respiration, or digestion
organ
structure composed of two of more tissue types that work together to carry out a particular function
tissue
a mass of similar cells and cell products that forms a discrete region of an organ and performs a specific function
cells
the smallest units of an organism that carry out all the basic functions of life and nothing smaller than a cell is considered alive
cytology
that study of cells and organelles
organelles
microscopic structures in a cell that carry out its individual functions
molecules
have organelles and other cellular components and composed of at least two atoms
atoms
composed of subatomic particles
subatomic particles
protons, neutrons and electrons