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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Gas Exchange
cells need oxygen - waste product carbon dioxide - breath out
Alveoli
Terminal end of respiratory system - small air sacs
Bronchi
Series of branching airways & tubes
Alveolar Capillary Membrane
Connects respiratory & circulatory systems - gas exchange takes place here
Septum
Seperates right & left nasal cavities
Upper Respiratory
Septum
Olfaction
Sinuses
Pharynx
Larynx
Epiglottis
Olfaction
Sense of smell - upper respiratory function
Sinuses
Hollow / air filled cavities in the skull
Pharynx
Throat
Epiglottis
Leaf shaped flap - closes over opening to larynx when you swallow
Visceral Pleura
Membrane around the lungs - protection
Parietal Pleura
Membrane around thoracic cavity & upper diaphragm
Bony Thorax
Protects lungs, heart, and great vessels
Sternum
Breast bone - landmark for CPR
Diaphragm
Dome shaped breathing muscle
Lymph Nodes
Filter blood, remove damaged cells, destroy pathogens
Spleen
Lymph organ that destroy & removes old / damaged RBC's
Thymus
Lymph organ that produces lymphocytes - sometomes disappears in adulthood
Antigens
Molecules on outer surface of cell membrane to determine friend or foe
Antibodies
Weapons to destroy foreign antigens
B-cells
Release antibodies to foreign antigens - remember past infections
Natural Killer Cells
Chemically kills cells with foreign antigens
Natural Active Immunity
Permanent - acquired in the course of daily life - chicken pox, cold, infection - contact with pathogen
Natural Passive Immunity
Tempoary - passed through placenta & breastfeeding
Artifical Active Immunity
Permanent - immunizations
Artifical Passive Immunity
Temporary - injection of immune serum
Atelectasis
Collapse of lung tissue affecting part or all of one lung. Resulting from obstruction, inactivity, failure to breath deep - post op.
Hemoptysis
Coughing up blood or bloody sputum from the lungs or airway. Primary importance is to find source of bleeding.
Hemothorax
Accumulation of blood in the plural cavity that can be life threatening.
Pneumothorax
A collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity, resulting in a collapsed lung.
Bronchiectasis
Permanent, irreversible dialation of the bronchi, from destruction of muscular bronchi wall.
Flail Chest
A double fracture of three or more sdjacent ribs resulting in instability.