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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
nucleus
library of blueprints for building the things the factory needs
chromosomes
books or sections within the library
genes
individual blueprints
mRNA molecule
a copy of one of the blueprints
RNA polymerase
the copier that makes the blueprint copies
transcription
the process of making a copy of the blueprint
ribosomes
(site of protein synthesis) shops where the blueprint copies are used to make things the factory needs
translation
the process of building the things the factory needs using the intructions encoded in the blueprint copy
proteins
1. machines that preform the factory's work 2. structural components of the factory itself 3. products the factory will ship out
golgi apparatus
center for processing, sorting, shipping, and some manufacturing
carbohydrates or phosphate groups added by Golgi for indification purposes
bar copes added in the sorting/shipping department that ensure products can be properly identified and reach their destination
lysosome
(site where cellular wastes are recycled and food molecules are broken down into usable compounds) center where wastes are recycled and materials brought into the factory are broken down to be used
mitochondria
(site of cellular energy production) power plant that uses C based fuel to produce E for the factory
chloroplasts
(sites of photosynthesis) centers that use E from sun to produce factory's own C basd fuel