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98 Cards in this Set

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Disorientation
Confusion about time/place/self
Alogia
An impoverishment in thinking inferred by observing speech and language behavior (may exhibit "poverty of speech/content")
Aphasia
Impairment in understanding/transmission of ideas by language
Dysarthria
Imperfect, physical articulation of speech
Dysprosody
Loss of nl speech melody/prose
Echolalia
Pathological
Parrot-like, senseless repitiion of words just spoken by another person
Pressured speech
High volume, fast and difficult to interrupt
Psychomotor agitation
Excessive motor activity associated with inner tension (i.e. fidgeting)
Akathesia
Motor restlessness shown by "need to move"
Side-effect of anti-psychotic medications
Ataxia
Loss of coordination
Catalepsy
"Waxy flexibility"
Rigid maintenance of a body position
Cataplexy
Sudden, bilateral loss of muscle tone
Catatonic
Motor immobility (catalepsy), excessive motor activity, negativism
Negativism
Motiveless opposition/resistance to intructions or attempts to be moved
Conversion Symptom
An alteration/loss in voluntary motor/sensory functioning
Dyskinesia
Disturbance/distortion of movements
Dystonia
Disordered tonicity of muscles
Echopraxia
Repetition/imitation of another's movements
Nystagmus
Involuntary movement of eyes characterized by slow track and fast return
Retardation
Slowing movement of movements/speech (often seen in depression)
Stereotyped Movements
Repetitive, "driven," non-functional behavior (i.e. head banging)
Tic
Involuntary, rapid, recurrent movement or vocalization
Affect
Pattern of observable behaviors that is the expression of an emotion.
Disturbances in Affect
Blunted, flat, inappropriate, labile and restricted
Blunted Affect
Significant Reduction in the intensity or emotional expression (vs. restricted, mild)
Flat Affect
Absence/near-absence of affective expression
Inappropriate Affect
Discordance between expression and content (i.e. laughing at death)
Labile
Rapid, shifts in affective expression
Restricted
Mild reduction in the intensity of emotional expression (vs. blunted, significant)
Mood
Pervasive and sustained feeling tone - experienced internally and colors perception of world
Dysphoric Mood
Unpleasant/uncomfortable feeling tone
Elevated Mood
Exaggerated feeling of well-being
Euthymic Mood
"Normal mood"
Expansive Mood
Lack of restraint in expressing one's feelings
Irritable Mood
State where one is easily annoyed and provoked to anger
Circumstantiality
Disturbanc in thought/speech where patient DIGRESSES into unnecessary details before ultimately communication the central idea
Derailment
Randomly switching topics during speech
Flight of Ideas
Continuous flow of fast speech with abrupt changes from topic to topic (but with logical instigations, i.e. play on words)
Incoherence
Linguistic disorganization. In essence, an incomprehensible "word salad"
Neologism
New word/phrase whose derivation cannot be understood (Bush, anyone?)
Perseveration
Persistant repetition of specific words/concepts
Tangentiality
In response to question, FAILs to communicate central idea (vs. circumstantiality where you ultimate get it)
Thought Blocking
Uncontrolled cessation of thought/speech due to emotional factors
Delusion
Fixed, false belief
Bizarre Delusion
A person's culture would view this as totally implausible
Jealou Delusion
Partner is cheating on them
Erotomanic Delusion
Belief that a superior is in love with them
Grandiose Delusion
Inflated worth, power, knowledge
Delusion of Reference
Delusion that events, objects, or others have a particular and unusual significance
Persecutory Delusion
One is being attacked/harassed
Somatic Delusion
Pertain's to the functioning of one's body
Magical Thinking
One's thoughts/words/actions will cause/prevent a specific outcome in a way that defies common laws of cause and effect
Mood-congruent psychotic features
Delusions/hallucinations whose content is CONSISTENT with themes of depressed/manic mood (i.e. nihilism and depression)
Mood-incongruent pyschotic features
Delusions are NOT CONSISTENT with themes of depressed/manic mood
Poverty of content
Speech conveys little information
Racing thoughts
Fast and continuous thought processes. Distracting and impedes concentration.
Thought broadcasting
Belief that one's thoughts are being projected to the environment
Thought insertion
Belief that thoughts are being implanted into one's mind (by someone/something)
Thought withdrawal
Belief that one's thoughts are being removed from one's mind
Depersonalization
Alteration in perception of self. As if one is an "outside observer"
Derealization
The external world seems strange/unreal
Hallucinations
Sensory perception that occurs w/out external stimulation
Illusion
Misinterpretation of external stimuli (i.e. optical illusion)
Macropsia
False visual perception that objects are larger than they actually are
Micropsia
False visual perception that objects are smaller than they actually are (plane in sky?)
Synesthesia
Stimulating one sensory system produces a different sensory modality (sound = color)
Amnesia
Loss of memory
Anterograde amnesia
Loss of memory of following events
Retrograde amnesia
Loss of memory of previous events
Confabulation
Filling in blanks in memory w/fictitious events (not intentional)
Pseudodementia
Exaggerated indifference to surroundings and lack of effort ot remember information or answer questions (commonly seen in the depressed)
Attention
Focus in a sustained manner on a particular stimulus or activity
Distractibility
Inability to maintian attention
Stupor
State of decreased reactivity to stimuli
Dyssomnia
Generalized sleep disorder
Hypersomnia
Excessive sleepiness
Insomnia
Inability to fall/stay asleep or poor sleep quality
Initial Insomnia
Difficultly falling asleep
Middle Insomnia
Awakening in the middle of the night w/difficult return to sleep
Terminal Insomnia
Waking up early and not being able to fall back asleep
Parasomnia
Abnormal behavior during sleep (i.e. sleepwalking)
Gender Identity
Culturally determined set of attitudes, behaviors, physical attributes associated with masculinity and femininity
Gender Role
Public declaration of gender. Image of maleness/femaleness communication to others
Sexual identity
Biologically determined sexual state
Transsexualism
Unhappiness w/one's own gender and desire to be the opposite sex
Anxiety
Apprehensive anticipation of future danger/misfotune accompanied by unpleasurable emotional state and somatic symptoms of tension
Panic Attacks
Sudden onset of intense apprehension accompanied by physiological effects (i.e. pounding heart, shortness or breath, etc)
Phobia
Persistent, irrational fear
Ambivalance
Strong simultaneous CONTRASTING ideas/attitides/feelings about something/someone
Defense Mechanism
Unconscious, automatic psychological process that protects the individual from anxiety and from awareness of internal/external stressors, conflicts or drives (may be maladaptive or adaptive)
Personlity
Enduring patterns of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and oneself
Prodrome
An early sign of a disorder
Psychotic
A gross impairment in reality testing
Residual Phase
Phase of illness after remission of the full syndrome
Sign
Objective manifestation of a pathological condition
Stressor, psychological
Life event/change that may be associated with the onset/exacerbation of a mental disorder
Symptom
Subjective manifestation of a pathological condition (reported by the affected individual and NOT the observer)
Syndrome
A grouping of signs and syndromes that may suggeset a common, underlying pathogenesis, etc