Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/61

Click to flip

61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the general function of the pyramids?
Motor tracts
General function of the olive.
Input to the cerebellum.
General function of the fasciculus cuneatus.
Position sense from spinal cord.
General function of fasciculus gracile
Position sense from spinal cord.
General function of the inferior cerebellar peduncle.
Input to cerebellum from medulla/spinal cord.
General function of transverse fibers of the pons.
Input to cerebellum from pons.
General function of the superior colliculi.
Visual reflexes.
General function of the inferior colliculi.
Auditory relays.
General function of the Crus cerebri (cerebral peduncles).
Motor tracts from cerebelum to brainstem.
General function of the Brachium of the inferior colliculus.
Auditory pathway.
General function of the superior cerebellar peduncle.
Output of cerebellum.
General function of the thalamus.
Relay nuclei.
General function of the pulvinar nuclear complex.
Somatosensory relay - most caudal portion of the thalamus.
General function of the medial genticulate body.
Auditory relay.
General function of the lateral geniculate body.
Visual relay.
General function of the hypothalamus.
Autonomic and endocrine functions.
To what does the infundibular stalk attach?
Pituitary gland.
General function of the mammillary bodies.
Role in memory.
General function of the dorsal column nucleus.
Body position sense.
General function of the principle olivary nucleus.
Projections to the cerebellum.
General function of the vestibular nuclei located in the tegmentum.
Balance and postural reflexes.
General function of the middle cerebellar peduncle.
Input to the cerebellum.
General function of the superior colliculi.
Visual reflexes.
General function of the inferior colliculi.
Auditory relays.
General function of the periaqueductal gray.
Pain modulation.
General function of the red nucleus.
Motor neurons. Limited role in humans. For other primates, it's important for fine movement of peripheral limbs, e.g. fingers.
General function of the oculomotor nucleus and nerve.
Eye movement.
General function of the substantia nigra compacta.
Most fibers are concerned with a modulation function within the basal ganglia. It's projections produce dopamine.
General function of the crura cerebri.
Motor systems.
Names of cranial nerves numbered I through VI.
I Olfactory
II Optic
III Oculomotor
IV Trochlear
V Trigeminal
VI Abducens
Names of cranial nervers numbered VII through XII.
VII Facial
VIII Vestibulocochlear
IX Glossopharyngeal
X Vagus
XI Accessory
XII Hypoglossal
What is the mneumonic to help remember the cranial nerves?
Old Opie occasionally tries trig and feels very gloomy, vague and hypoactive.
What foramina is associated with the olfactory cranial nerve?
Cribriform Plate.
What two cranial nerves exit through the optic foramen?
optic and oculomotor.
What two cranial nerves exit through the superior orbital fissure?
Trochlear (IV) and trigeminal(V).
What foramina are associated with the exit of the facial nerve?
Internal acousitc meatus => stylomastoid foramen
What cranial nerves exit through the jugular foramen?
Glossopharyngeal, vagus, accessory.
Through what foramen does the hypoglossal nerve exit?
Hypoglossal foramen.
What are the functions of the occulomotor CN?
1) Efferent for abducens muscle of eye.

2) Pupillary constriction and accomodation. (parasympthetic)
What is the general function of the trochlear crainial nerve?
Extraocular muscle.
What is the general function of Trigeminal (V1)?
GSA and GVA skin of forehead.
What are the general functions of Trigeminal (V2)?
GSA and GVA skin of cheek, upper teeth.
What are the general functions of Trigeminal (V3)?
GSA and GVA skin of lower jaw, anterior 2/3rds of tongue, lower teeth. GSE and SVE: mm(muscles) of mastication.
What is the general function of the abducens cranial nerve?
Extraocular muscles.
What are the general functions of the facial cranial nerve?
GSE & SVE: mimetic muscles.
GSA & GVA: ear canal, part of auricle.
SSA & SVA: Gustation (anterior 2/3rds of tongue)
GVE: Lacrimal & some salivary glands.
What are the general functions fo the vestibulocochlear cranial nerve?
SSA & SVA: Audition & vestibular sense.
What are the general functions of the glossopharyngeal cranial nerve?
GSE & SVE: Pharyngeal and laryngeal mm
GSA & GVA: Pharynx, posterior 1/3 tongue
SSA & SVA: Gustation (posterior 1/3 tongue)
GVE: Some salivary glands
What are the general functions of the vagus nerve?
GSE & SVE: Phyaryngeal & laryngeal mm
GSA & GVA: Ear canal, larynx
SSA & SVA: Gustation (pharyngeal region)
GVE: Thoracic & most of abdominal viscera.
What is the reticular formation (composition)?
A complex netlike fabric of nerve cell bodies and interwoven processes.
Where is the reticular formation located?
In the central region of the brainstem, occupying most of the tegmentum of the midbrain, pons, and medulla.
What are the primary functions of the reticular formation?
Involved in activities ranging from visceral functions to consciousness making it the core integrating structure of the brain.
What are the four primary structures found in the brainstem? Some books only include three of these.
Medulla oblongata, Pons, Midbrain, Diencephalon.
#1 - Foramina of Cribriform plate
#2 - Optic canal
#3 - Superior orbital fissure
#4 - Foramen rotundum
#5 - Foramen ovale
#6 - Cartoid canal
#7 - Internal acoustic meatus
#8 - Jugular foramen
#9 - Hypoglossal canal
10 - Foramen magum
Name the foramen, fissures, and canals by each of the numbers.
Fill in the names of all tagged structures
Check each tagged item versus the key.
Name the GSA cranial nerves.
V, VII, IX, X
Name the GVA cranial nerves.
V, VII, IX, X
Name the SVE cranial nerves
V, VII, IX, X, XI
Name the GVE cranial nerves.

In what tract are these found?
VII, IX, X

Solitary tract
Name the SVA cranial nerves.
I, VII, IX, X
Name the GSE cranial nerves.
III, IV, VI, XII
Name the SSA cranial nerves.
II, VIII