• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/23

Click to flip

23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which groups of antibiotics are highly polar?
Aminoglycosides
Bacitracin
Polymyxin B
Which groups of antibiotics are moderately polar?
Penicillins
Cephalosporins (1st gen)
Which groups of antibiotics are moderately lipid soluble?
Cephalosporins (3rd gen)
Tetracyclines
LIncosamides
Sulfonamides
Nitrofuranes
Fluoroquinolones
Which groups of antibiotics are highly lipid soluble?
Rifampin
Chloramphenicol
Doxycycline
Macrolides
Which groups of antibiotics are weak organic acids?
Penicillins
Cephalosporins
Sulfonamides
Nitrofurans
Which groups of antibiotics are weak organic bases?
Aminoglycosides
Macrolides
Lincosamides
Polymyxins
Rifampin
Fluoroquinolones
Which antibiotic group is not pH dependent?
Chloramphenicol
Which antibiotic group is amphoteric?
Tetracyclines
Which bacteria are the principal challenges to resistance?
ESKAPE
Enterococcus faecium
Staphlococcus aureus
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Actinobacter baumanii
Pseudomonas aeuriginosa
Enterobacter spp.
Which antibiotics comprise the beta lactams?
Penicillins
Cephalosporins
Imipenem
What is the spectrum of activity for the Penicillin G group?
Gram positive (narrow)
What is the spectrum of activity for Ampicillin and Amoxycillin?
Broad spectrum
Which beta-lactams have broad spectrum?
Ticarcillin, Ampicillin, and Amoxycillin
What is the spectrum of activity for the Penicillin G group?
Gram positive (narrow)
What is the spectrum of activity for Ampicillin and Amoxycillin?
Broad spectrum
Which beta-lactams have broad spectrum?
Ticarcillin, Ampicillin, and Amoxycillin
T or F:
Beta lactam antibiotics are good against anaerobes.
Tru dat!!!
What is the major adverse effect of the beat lactams? Which specific drugs have this effect?
Allergic reactions (penicillins and cephalosporins)
Characterize the disposition of the beta lactams.
Weak organic acids and highly polar.
Which beta lactam can cross the blood brain barrier?
3rd generation cephalosporins
What are the four groups of penicillins in use today? Which are broad spectrum?
Penicillin G
Aminopenicillins (broad spectrum)
B-lactamase resistant
Antipseudomonal (broad spectrum)
T or F:
The narrow spectrum penicillins are good against gram negative bacteria.
False! G+
What is the spectrum of activity for first generation cephalosporins? 3rd generation?
Broad for both
1st is more for G+
3rd more for G-