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32 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
During this war in Germany, the Austrian empire supported the Catholic Church in Germany and the French supported the Protestants. Remember that Germany is not a unified country at this time and therefore is divided geographically, politically, and religiously to begin with making it easier for different areas of German to the different sides
30 Years War
This marked the end of the Thirty Years’ War and gave Protestantism equal status to Catholicism
Peace of Westphalia (1648)
What ends Christendom in Europe
30 Years War
As England gets more powerful as a nation, ________________ spreads in the British Empire
_______ _ and _____ __, both kings of England, were deposed because of their sympathy to Catholics
Charles I and James II
By the end of the ___ century, British rule and the oppression of Catholics in Ireland had been established.
During the ____ century, France rises as a great world power also with more power resting in the state
At the _____ __ ______, the King of France allowed Huguenots to practice their religion
Edict of Nantes
By ____ _____ ___, the toleration of the Huguenots is rescinded and many of them flee to Canada to avoid persecution
King Louis XIV
The belief started by Louis XIV, that French independence (nationalism) is more important than loyalty to the Pope or Rome. The state once again gets more power than the Church
Suppresses the power of the Pope in France. Pope fights back by not supporting Bishops in France
Louis XIV’s Four Articles
Focused on the suppression of the physical/material world. The human body was corrupt by nature and should therefore be repressed at all costs
It bordered on Calvinism in the sense that it preached a form of predestination. This heresy started in France
Basically preached that since we all have a sinful nature that we should not try to be good or holy. We are sinful by our nature and therefore there is not a lot we can do about it
Starting with the _______ in the 16th century, religious orders now focus more and more on the people of God and their needs as human people.
The belief that nothing can be explained beyond reality
The only reality that can be perceived is through the five senses (Physical world)
Because that God does not involve himself in human creation, he simply observes what is going on
Regarding individualism and the material/human possessions as more important than moral values than common good
Although the Founding Fathers were firm believed in God, they stressed the separation of Church and State because they saw the many problems in created in Europe
American Revolution
The Church was oftentimes connected to the rich and wealthy of France. So when a revolution started by the people of France, many Church members were prosecuted, killed, or banned from France. Napoleon eventually backs down so that somewhat when he realizes the importance that the Church had on the lives of everyday French people. (Hitler does the same thing in the 20th century).
French Revolution
In general with various revolutions came a rise in ___________ in various countries and a decreased sense of importance of _______ in everyday life and thought
In Germany, Bismarck throws out the Jesuits and the Redemptorists and exiles away many bishops because he saw the Church involved in _____ _______
Cilvil Affairs
The Pope resisted the end of the Papal States because he feared ____ _____
less power
In France ideas were circulated to apply liberalism to the Catholic Church. Since __________ were dying out, the Church should embrace its place with the common working people
a letter from the Pope
Pius IX felt that he needed to ________ ___ _________ __ __ _____ __ _________ _______ by calling Vatican I
reassert the authority of the Church in spiritual matters
Explain the missionary efforts of the Catholic Church in Central/South American and the Far East.
New World- In Central and South America, which was colonized by Spain and Portugal, missionaries evangelized native peoples sometimes to the advantage on their civilization and oftentimes to its disadvantage
In the Far East- Because Catholicism didn’t not adapt to the culture that they came into with. It was largely unsuccessful in establishing the faith in this area of the world at this time.
2. Explain two of the four “isms” during the Age of Enlightenment.
Rationalism- The belief that nothing can be explained beyond reality
Empiricism- The only reality that can be perceived is through the five senses (Physical world)
3. How does Pius IX react to the Age of Modernism?
In 1864, Pius IX wrote this Encyclical (simply a letter from the Pope) which was a syllabus or errors with an appendix that condemned many modernists’ ways of thought
Pius IX felt that he needed to reassert the authority of the Church in spiritual matters by calling Vatican I
Pius IX got the council to approve when the Pope speaks on the issues by Papal Infallibility on “Faith and morals” that you have to believe the teaching in order to remain in the Church.
4. How does England/Anglican Church encroach on the Church and the people of Ireland from the 17th century to the current day?
William of Orange and Oliver Cromwell suppressed the people of Ireland. Michael Collins led a rebellion in 1916 by leading a revolution in throwing out the English out of Ireland, except in Northern Ireland. Because of Shinn Finn and the IRA develop to get the English out of Ireland completely.
5. What contributions does John Baptist de la Salle make to the Church and the field of education?
-Focused on the poor and oppressed as a way to alleviate poverty in society
-Simultaneous instruction was teaching the students of the same basic intellectual ability together of the same time
-Mixing students of different socioeconomic status so that they could learn from each other