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96 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Author of "The Diary"
Samuel Pepys
Author of "Song for St. Cecilia"
John Dryden
Author of "Elegy written in a Country Churchyard"
Thomas Gray
Author of "The Deserted Village"
Oliver Goldsmith
Author of "Gulliver's Travels"
Jonathan Swift
“…to see a person sick of the sores carried close by me by Grace Church in a hackney coach….”
From "The Diary" by Pepys
“The churches, houses, and all on fire and flaming at once, and a horrid noise the flames made, and the cracking of houses at their ruin.”
From "The Diary by Pepys"
Swift's defense for his view of humankind?
"I have ever hated all Nations, professions, and Communities and all my love is toward individuals; for instance, I hate the tribe of lawyers, but I love councilor such as one, judge such as one, for so with physicians…."
Elements of Satire:
1. verbal irony
2. exaggeration
3. role reversal
4. person or character assumes an objective position
Which element of satire does Swift use in "Gulliver's Travels"?
Role Reversal. The horses are reasoning, functioning, ruling creatures, while the humans/yahoos are the senseless, evil, burden-bearing beasts.
Author of "The Diary"
Samuel Pepys
Author of "Song for St. Cecilia"
John Dryden
Author of "Elegy written in a Country Churchyard"
Thomas Gray
Author of "The Deserted Village"
Oliver Goldsmith
Author of "Gulliver's Travels"
Jonathan Swift
“…to see a person sick of the sores carried close by me by Grace Church in a hackney coach….”
From "The Diary" by Pepys
“The churches, houses, and all on fire and flaming at once, and a horrid noise the flames made, and the cracking of houses at their ruin.”
From "The Diary" by Pepys
Swift's defense for his view of humankind?
"I have ever hated all Nations, professions, and Communities and all my love is toward individuals; for instance, I hate the tribe of lawyers, but I love councilor such as one, judge such as one, for so with physicians…."
Elements of Satire:
1. verbal irony
2. exaggeration
3. role reversal
4. person or character assumes an objective position
Which element of satire does Swift use in "Gulliver's Travels"?
Role Reversal.He gives human-like characteristics to the animals and animal-like characteristics to the humans
Writing technique used in Gulliver's Travels?
Frame narrative; Swift writes a story within a story.
Which author suffered from Meniere's syndrome?
Jonathan Swift; he eventually died of the disease.
Who was kidnapped by their nurse for three years?
Jonathan Swift.
Which author was disfigured by smallpox?
Goldsmith.
Who is buried next to Chaucer?
Oliver Goldsmith.
Enclosure Acts:
Either for the sake of more profitable farming or to create vast private parks and landscape gardens, land was being enclosed—taken out of the hands of small farmers
Line 1 of "The Deserted Village"
"Sweet Auburn! loveliest village of the plain,"
Which author recalled his home village as "Sweet Auburn"?
Oliver Goldsmith, in "The Deserted Village".
Plot/idea behind "The Deserted Village"
The speaker recalls the buildings and inhabitants of his beloved Auburn. He returns to his cottage, but now finds only weeds and bushes. The speaker remembers the sounds and sights of home. Animals at the pond and children running out from school all make up the speaker’s fond memory, but again, he remembers that now his home is empty. No children are around; the water is dirty; everything has changed.
The speaker from "The Deserted Village" remembers the parson.
"Truth from his lips prevailed with double sway,/And fools, who came to scoff, remained to pray."
lines 196-97 of "The Deserted Village"
"The village master taught his little school;/A man severe he was, and stern to view," 196-97
main idea of "The Deserted Village"
the speaker associates the move to industrialization and city life with loss of virtues and values
one of the most influential English poets of the mid-eighteenth century.
Thomas Gray
The poet who had an abusive father.
Thomas Gray
"The Quadruple Alliance."
Thomas Gray,Thomas Ashton, Horace Walpole, and Richard West
Gray never fully recovered from his close friend’s death...he was memorialized in which poem?
"Elegy written in a Country Churchyard"
Regius Professor of Modern History at Cambridge
Thomas Gray
First four lines of "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard."
"The curfew tolls the knell of parting day,/The lowing herd wind slowly o'er the lea,/The plowman homeward plods his weary way,/And leaves the world to darkness and to me."
Topic of "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard."
contemplation of the finality of death ("everyone awaits the same fate: death...rich, poor...")
T/F: Thomas Gray was considered an outspoken, vocal professor and scholar
False
T/F: The death of Gray's best friend Walpole was the impetus for some stanzas of "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard."
False
Although Samuel Johnson was not a fan of Gray's poetry, he said, "The Churchyard abounds with images which find a mirror in every mind, and with sentiments to which every bosom returns an echo."
True
T/F: As a child Goldsmith was disfigured by smallpox.
True
T/F: Goldsmith died a wealthy man.
False
T/F: "The Deserted Village" is an idealization of English rural life.
True.
Swift was born in England.
False; he was born in Dublin
Swift became the leader of Irish resistance to English oppression
True
Swift suffered from Meniere's disease.
3. True
Critics believe Swift may have secretly married Hester Vanhomrigh.
4. false
When Gulliver's Travels was first published it was shunned and read by no one.
false
In Gulliver's Travels, Swift adopts an ancient satirical device, the imaginary voyage.
true
Gulliver's profession before becoming captain is that of a surgeon.
true
Gulliver lands on the island as part of a family vacation.
false
The Yahoos are horses.
False
The Houyhnhnms are human-like in appearance.
false
The Yahoos are the leaders of the island.
false
The Master of the island wants Gulliver to tell him everything about life in England.
true
One profession Swift satirizes is that of lawyers.
true
A sorrel nag is one of the Master's servants.
true
Gulliver eats oats as part of his diet while on the island.
true
Plot: Elegy written in a Country Churchyard
The speaker looks at a graveyard and laments that the entire human population's destiny is the same: death. He also mourns the loss of his close friend in this poem.
Plot: The Deserted village
The speaker returns to his hometown, only to find that everything has changed due to the Enclosure Act. Everything is idustrialized, and nothing has the innocence that he once remembered.
Plot: "A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms"
Captain Gulliver gets shipwrecked on a remote island, and there encounters a new society full of Houyhnhnms (horse-like, but reasoning creatures) and Yahoos (human-like, but not reasoning creatures). The tale tells of his encounters with these creatures.
Seventeenth Century Characteristics
1.importance of party spirit
2.consciousness of the self
3.growing interest in minute observations and details
4.life in London more precise
5.manners becoming important
6.realism, disillusion, and cynicism in literature
Eighteenth Century Characteristics
1.society theme of writing
2.men civilized and urbane
3.reason used to improve man’s lot
4.concern with necessity of caring for increasing population
Literary Contribution of the Restoration period
Development of heroic couplets (two rhyming lines of
iambic pentameter)
1. biography
any account of a person’s life
2. cliché
an expression or phrase that is so overused as to become trite and meaningless
3. diary
a record of daily happenings written by a person for his or her own use
4. elegy
a solemn, reflective poem, usually about death, written in a formal style
5. fantasy
a work that takes place in an unreal world, concerns incredible characters, or employs physical and scientific principles not yet discovered
heroic couplet
a pair of rhymed verse lines in iambic pentameter
irony
the term used to describe a contrast between what appears to be and what really is
journal
a formal record of a person’s daily experiences, less intimate than a diary but more chronological than an autobiography
neo-classicism
writing that shows the influence of the Greek and Roman classics
persona
the mask or voice of the author or the author’s creation in a particular work
sarcasm
the use of language to hurt or ridicule
satire
the technique that employs wit to ridicule a subject, usually some social institution or human foible, with the intention to inspire reform
sonnet
a lyric poem with a traditional form of fourteen iambic pentameter lines
Plot: The Diary by Samuel Pepys
Pepys tells of his life experiences in London. In this work is mentioned daily life activities, as well as historic tragedies, such as the Great Fire of London.
Plot: "A Song for St. Cecilia's Day"
written to honor St. Cecilia,the patron saint of music who supposedly founded the organ and was executed by the Romans in the 2nd or 3rd century. Celebrates the "music of the spheres".
"From Harmony, From heavenly harmony/This universal frame began"
A song for St. Cecilia's Day, by John Dryden
"What passion cannot Music raise and quell!"
A song for St. Cecilia's Day, by John Dryden
Topics covered in Pepy's diary
The great fire, the bubonic plague (thus the quote about the sores all over people's bodies), and his relationship with his wife and the other women around.Also the coronation of Charles II.
What document is considered one of the most valuable English documents of the Restoration Age?
Pepy's "the Diary"
Which author went to London as clerk to the chamberlain to the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell in 1657?
John Dryden
who was called the most prominent English dramatist?
John Dryden
Dryden's main contribution was...
his main contribution is the development of the heroic couplet.
who is buried next to chaucer?
Dryden is buried next to Chaucer at Westminster Abbey.
Which author served in the Navy?
Pepys served in the Royal Navy during the Second Dutch War and helped save the Navy Office from destruction during the Great Fire.
What event symbolizes the beginning of the Restoration Period?
the restoration to the throne of Charles II in 1660 marks the beginning of this period
The values of the Restoration Period were...
This time period is often referred to as the Age of Reason because rationalism, common sense, and realism were highly valued.
Rule of Charles II
Unfortunately Charles II was not the leader people expected. His rule is characterized by his excessive spending, drinking, and womanizing
"Glorious Revoloution"
secret negotiations brought about the Glorious or Bloodless Revolution. Protestant William of Orange and Mary took the throne, exiling James into France. This Glorious Revolution brought about a state of calmness.
Royal throne during Restoration
Charles II->James II(his son)->William and Mary->Anne, second daughter of James II->George I of Hanover(german)->George II(german)
Culture during Restoration
Expanded. Arts/Sciences-new inventions. Methodism arose, led to revival. (Methodism=Madness) Architecture and Christopher Wren (the guy who rebuilt London after the fire)rose to prominance.