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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
long protective area of shull temporal, frontal parietal spheroid occipital.
membranes dura mater, pia mater and middle arechriad - axtensions of membranes around the spinal cord.
the spinal cord
cerebrospinal fluid
colorless liquid which cntains glucose, proteins, cations, ani9ons, and lymphionctes.
cerebrospinal fluid
what is the functions of cerebrospinal fluid?
protection and other unctins.
what are the who example of protection?
mechanical protection and chemical protection.
shock adsorgel
mechanical protection
acts as barrier betweeen blood and brain
chemical protection
what are the other function of cerebrospinal fluid?
acts as a go b/n the blood and brain.
are cavities called bentricles are within the brain?
wthow chambers deep in each hemisphere of the cerebrum. they open directly into the third ventricle through the foramen of monro. ( interventricular foramen.)
lateral ventricles.
single vertical slit b/n the halves of lthe thalamus . it is connected by the cerebral awueduct (awueduct of sylius to the fourth ventricle.
third ventricle.
single cavity between the cerevellum and the brain lstem. connected to the suvarachnoid space by the median aperutre of magandie and the two laterial apertures of luschka.
fourht ventricle.
is formed in the lateral and third ventriles
flow of csf
is csf reabosrbed by the arachnoid villistructur beneat te meninge?
siries of blood vessels at lase of the brain.
circle of willes (cerebral arterial circle)
oxygen levels: 2o% of the total used by the whole body is used by the ______.
__:- glucse + oxgen_____>glycolysis _____>krebis cycle____>36ATP + H2O.
glucose needs
A. medulla oblogate
1. structure=
upper portin of the spinal cord.
under 1. a. structure
contains ascending + descending tracts(white material).
under 1. b. pairof lulges on bertrial surgace where motor tracts will class over from l to rt on their way to the cereblum.
under 1. c. control heart rate and the force of heart beat.
cardiovascular center.
under 1. d. controls rhythym of treathing
contains the respiratory center.
function of medulla oblogata
consciousness, arousal from sleep, swallowing, coughing, vomiting, s3neezing, and hiccuping also arigin of cranial neres viii-xii.
structure of pons.
area above the medulla ablongata which acs to cnnect the higher brain center with the spinal cord.
functin of pons
relays impulses to skeletal muscle
egxample for functi8on of pons-
pneumotaxic area, apneustic areas, and contain teh middele cerevellar peduncles.
on teh lateral surface of pins and connected to the cerevellum.
contain the middle cerebvellar peducles.
the use of pneumotaxic area and appeustic areas are
help the control respiration. page 869 and in page 2325.
strature aboe the pions and integrates the cerebrum and cerebellum
a. thalamus
1. structure of thalamus
above the idbrain and frms the lateral walls of trhe third ventricle.
2. function of the thalamus
raly statin, rgister pain, temp. light, touch and pressur.