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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
3 functions of brain
sense, interpret, respond
CNS
brain and spinal cord
cerebral hemispheres
83% of brain mass
fissure
deep groove that separates regions of the brain
transverse fissure
cerebum and cerebellum
longitudinal fissure
separates cerebral hemispheres
sulci
grooves
gyri
raised parts between sulci
parieto-occiptal sulcus
separates parietal and occipital lobes
lateral sulcus
separates temporal from praietal and occipital lobes
insula
deep withing lateral sulcus
cerebral cortex- functions
-conscious mind
-awareness of self/sensations
-initiation and control of movements
-communication, memory, understanding
grey matter of cerebral cortex contains...
neuronal cell bodies, dendrites, short axons
cerebral cortex- mass
40%
cerebral cortex functioning areas
motor, sensory, association
deep grey matter of cerebrum
basal ganglia- motor control
basal forebrain nuclei- memory
claustrum-?
amygdala- limbic
basal ganglia- where, nuclei are called, what,
-deep withing cerebral white matter
-nuclei called corpus straitum
-with cerebral cortex, control movement
-receives input from cortical areas
-start, stop, regulate voluntary movement
-estimates passage of time
caudate nucleus
basal ganglia that arches over thalamus
lentiform nucleus
basal ganglia that is lens-shaped
diencephalon
-thalamus
-afferent impulse in, organize and amplify, signals to cerebral cortex
thalamus- where
-between optic chiasm and mammilary bodies
-pituitary gland projects inferiorly
thalamus- how many nuclei
a dozen
thalamus- function
-main visceral control of body
-ANS
-emotions
-temp
-hunger/thirst
-behavior control
-circadian rhythm
-endocrine system
-memory
cerebellum- where, what, lobes, regions, must receive?
-dorsal to pons and medulla
-smoothes and coordinates movement
-maintains equilibrium
-2 hemispheres, separated by fissures (ridges are folia)
-anterior, posterior, flocculondular lobes
-regions: cortex (gray), internal white matter, deep cerebellar nuceli (deep gray matter)
-needs info on equilibrium, needs movement info
limbic- where
forebrain
reticular formation- where
brainstem