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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which of the following is NOT an NRTI (nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor)
• enfuvirtide
• zidovudine
• tenofovir
• avacavir
Enfuvirtide-- is an inhibitor of viral fusion
Tenofovir- is an NtRTI
The other two ARE NRTI's
Which of the following IS an NNRTI?
• delaviridine
• didanosine
• emtricitabine
• ritonavir
• delavirdine is an NNRTI
Which of the following is NOT a protease inhibitor?
Atazanavir
Fosamprenavir
Nelfinavir
Abacavir
Abacavir is an NRTI
What are the most typical sufficixes of NRTIS' NtRTI's, NNRTI's and Protease inhibitors?
NRTI's--ine, except for abacavir
NtRTI's-- the only one is tenofovir
NNRTI's-- delavirdine, efavirenz and nevirapine only ones
Protease Inhibitors--all -avir
What oral lesions are the MOST strongly associated with HIV infection?
Candidiasis (erythematous and pseudomem)
Hairy Leukoplakia
Kaposi's Sarcoma
Non-hodgkin's lymphoma
Perio (linear gingival erythema, NUG, NUP)
What oral lesions have been demonstrated to be positive predictors of HIV disease progression?
hairy leukoplakia and oral candidiasis
Which oral lesion is most likely to be seen in an HIV infection?
melanotic hyperpigmentation
thrombocytopenia purpura
herpes simplex virus
non-hodgkin's lymphoma
facial palsy
non-hodgkin's lymphoma is more strongly related, however all can be seen in HIV
Which class of HIV drugs mimics deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate, the natural substrate for reverse transcriptase?
a. Inhibitors of viral fusion
b. NRTIs
c. NNRTIs
d. PIs
B. NRTI's
Which class of HIV drugs blocks the cleavage of viral proteins during assembly and maturation?
a. Inhibitors of viral fusion
b. NRTIs
c. NNRTIs
d. PIs
d. PIs
The majority of PEP regimens consist of
a.A single drug
b.Two drugs
c.Three drugs
d.A protease inhibitor
b. two drugs-- usually two NRTI's (zidovudine and lamivudine or emtricitabin) or (stavudine and lamivudine or emtricitabine) or one NRTI and one NtRTI or (tenofovir and lamivudine or emtricitabine)
If you have a client with hepatitis and they are on corticosteroids, what does that say about their condition?
Corticosteroids are only used for pateints with fulminant hepatitis which is very severe leading to destruction of the liver
What is the standard therapy for patients with chronic hepattiis?
Interferon three times weekly for 6 months to a year
Which of the following is the least likely to develop jaundice?
Hep A
Hep B
Hep C
Hep B
Which of the following are fecal/oral route of transmission?
Hep A
Hep B
Hep C
Hep D
Hep E
Hep A and E
Which of the following does NOT have a vaccine available of either active or passive immunity?
Hep A
Hep B
Hep C
Hep D
Hep E
Hep C does not have either

Hep A both
Hep B Both
Hep D Active
Hep E Active (applied)
Which of the following are the MOST concern for occupational transmission?
Hep A
Hep B
Hep C
Hep D
Hep E
Hep B-- can be transfered both directly and indirectly.
What other hepatitis must be present before Hep D can occur?
Hep A
Hep B
Hep C
Hep E
Hep B
What considerations need to be made for a client who has active hepatits?
Medical consult--- need to know their paltelet count, INR, and watch for oral cancer which tends to show up as hemorrhagic masses located in premolar and ramus regions of the mandible.
Which of the following appears when HBsAG is still present?
anti-HBs
anti-HBc
anti-HBa
Anti ABc is present at the same time as the other.
Anti-HBs occurs after the infection and shows future immunity
Anti-HBa does not exist
T or F Alcoholism effects the liver in three ways: Fatty infiltrate, alcoholic hepatitis, and cirrhosis
TRUE, they are ranked in order from least problematic to most.
T or F Alcoholic hepatitis and cirrhosis are non-reversible
First is FALSE, second is true.
What leads to bleeding problems in an alcoholic?
Hepatocellular destruction in cirrhosis lowers the capacity of the liver to store and convert vitamin K
What is disulfiram used for?
causes nausea when taken with alcohol, for use with recovering alcoholics