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19 Cards in this Set

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What are the functions of the large intestine?
completion of absorption, manufacturer of certain vitamins, formation of feces, expulsion of feces
True or False? The parasympathetic nervous system stimulates movements in the intestines while the sympathetic nervous system inhibits it.
True
What is peristalsis?
contraction of the muscles of the intestines.
How often do our intestines contract?
Peristalsis waves occur every 3-12 minutes with a mass peristalsis swoops 1-4 times every 24hrs.
What is the valsalva maneuver?
technique of bearing down to have a BM: pulse will decrease, heart rate slows, decreased blood flow to atria and ventricles, CO lowers, afterwards a larger than normal amount of blood returns to heart.
What factors can affect bowel elimination?
Age, daily pattern, food and fluid, activity, lifestyle, psychological variables, pathologic conditions, medications, surgery and anesthesia
What does fiber do to our stools?
it increases the bulk of fecal material
What does fluids do for us and how much should we be drinking per day?
Fluids makes our stools soft and easy to pass along with decreasing the amount of toxins absorbed by our colon. We should be drinking 2000-3000cc a day
Name some constipating, laxative effect and gas producing foods.
Constipating: cheese, eggs, lean meat, pasta
laxative: prunes, certain fruits & veggies, bran, chocolate, spicy foods, alcohol & coffee, popcorn
Gas: beans, onions, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower
What does activity do for us?
improves GI motility and muscle tone which is essential for ease of elimination
Name some pathological conditions affecting elimination?
obstruction, cystic fibrosis, diverticulitis, malabsorption syndrome, Ca, uremia, diabetic neuropathy, food poisoning, constipation,
What meds promote peristalsis?
cathartics or laxatives
What meds inhibit peristalsis?
immodium or pepto-bismal
What meds have constipation as a side effect?
opioids(narcotics), iron sulfate, anticholinergics
What meds have diarrhea as a side effect?
Augmentin as well as many other antibiotics
What types of things can slow the motility of the intestines?
inhaled gases (anesthesia), narcotics, manipulation of bowels during surgery, etc.
What drugs are refered to as "memory erasers" for the elderly?
anticholinergics: Aricept, trazodone, scopolomine, mirapex, atropine
What are some types of bowl diversions?
colostomy, ileostomy, sigmoidostomy, ileoanal ostomy, temporary &permanent ostomy
What do enemas do and what are some different types?
irritates the intestinal mucosa, cleanes and establishes regular bowels. Types: hypotonic, hypertonic, retention (oil, carminative, medicated)